Bilingual Education in the 21st Century: A Global Perspective / Edition 1

Paperback (Print)
Rent from
(Save 75%)
Est. Return Date: 04/30/2015
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $26.62
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 45%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (10) from $26.62   
  • New (6) from $35.26   
  • Used (4) from $26.62   


Bilingual Education in the 21st Century examines languages and bilingualism as individual and societal phenomena, presents program types, variables, and policies in bilingual education, and concludes by looking at practices, especially pedagogies and assessments. This thought-provoking work is an ideal textbook for future teachers as well as providing a fresh view of the subject for school administrators and policy makers.

  • Provides an overview of bilingual education theories and practices throughout the world
  • Extends traditional conceptions of bilingualism and bilingual education to include global and local concerns in the 21st century
  • Questions assumptions regarding language, bilingualism and bilingual education, and proposes a new theoretical framework and alternative views of teaching and assessment practices
  • Reviews international bilingual education policies, with separate chapters dedicated to US and EU language policy in education
  • Gives reasons why bilingual education is good for all children throughout the world, and presents cases of how this is being carried out
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Aside from the conceptual issues highlighted above, thedetailed discussions of multilingual education policy alone makethe book worth buying for scholars of language in educationissues.”  (Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 10April 2012)

"It goes without saying that the book has merit in the field ofbilingual education. It is not only a desirable material to havefor all scholars interested in furthering their understanding ofthis area. Because of its comprehensive nature and its presentationof solid arguments, it is also an ideal text to use in graduate andundergraduate courses." (Applied Linguistics, 2011)

"This book will become a classic in the bilingual educationliterature. It provides a comprehensive overview of bilingualeducation at the levels of philosophy, policy, provision andpractice. It has international relevance, global understandings andis suitable for a worldwide readership."
Colin Baker, Bangor University

"Ofelia García writes with wisdom, heart, and an unshakableconviction that bilingual education is the best education forall children in today’s world. A must read foreducators everywhere."
Nancy Hornberger, University of Pennsylvania

"Ofelia (and Hugo) have unemployed a lot of researchers. Afterthis book, there is no need for another book on bi/multilingualeducation for a decade. With its creativity, newconceptualisations, enormous worldwide knowledge and unusualcombination of path-breaking theory and insider knowledge aboutschools, this is, The Book on bilingual education."
Tove Skutnabb-Kangas, University of Roskilde

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405119948
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 11/17/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 496
  • Sales rank: 315,180
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Ofelia García is Professor of Urban Education at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. She has been Professor of Bilingual Education at Columbia University's Teachers College, and at The City College of New York; and has been Dean of the School of Education in the Brooklyn Campus of Long Island University. Among her publications are Imagining Multilingual Schools (with T. Skutnabb-Kangas and M. Torres-Guzmán), A Reader in Bilingual Education (with C. Baker), Language Loyalty, Continuity and Change: Joshua Fishman's Contributions to International Sociolinguistics (with Rakhmiel Peltz and Harold Schiffman), and The Multilingual Apple: Languages in New York City (with J.A. Fishman). She is a Fellow of the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS) in South Africa, and has been a Fulbright Scholar, and a Spencer Fellow of the U.S. National Academy of Education.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

List of Figures ix

List of Tables x

Preface and Acknowledgments (and a Caveat) xii

Part I Bilingual Education for All 1

1 Introducing Bilingual Education 3

Scenarios 3

Introduction 5

What Is Bilingual Education? 5

Beneficiaries and Reasons 11

Geopolitics and Language Orientations 13

Summary 16

Conclusion 17

Part II Bilingualism and Education 19

2 Languaging and Education 21

Introduction 22

Language Constructions 23

Languaging 31

Conclusion 40

3 Bilingualism and Translanguaging 42

Introduction 43

Bilingualism and Translanguaging 44

Models of Bilingualism 51

Questioning Assumptions 56

Bilingual Abilities 61

Bilingual Development 63

Neurolinguistic and Psycholinguistic Considerations 67

Conclusion 71

4 The Sociopolitics of Bilingualism 73

Introduction 73

Transglossia 75

Language Maintenance, Shift, and Revitalization 80

Language Ideologies 82

Language Policy as Right and Resource 84

Conclusion 91

5 Benefits of Bilingualism 93

Introduction 94

Cognitive Advantages 94

Social Advantages 97

Intervening Factors 101

Conclusion 107

Part III Bilingual Education Policy 109

6 Bilingual Education: Frameworks and Types 111

Introduction: The Social Context 112

Bilingual Education Models? 113

Bilingual Education Theoretical Frameworks 115

Bilingual Education Types 123

Conclusion 135

7 Bilingual Education: Factors and Variables 137
by Hugo Baetens Beardsmore

Introduction 137

Situational Factor 138

Operational Factor 146

Outcome Factor 152

Integrating Situational, Operational, and Outcome Factors156

Conclusion 157

8 U.S. Language Policy in Education 159

Introduction 159

The Past 160

The Present 174

Conclusion 193

9 Language Promotion by European Supra-national Institutions197
by Hugo Baetens Beardsmore

Introduction 197

The Council of Europe 198

The European Commission 204

Bilingual Education: CLIL/EMILE 208

Conclusion 216

10 Monoglossic Bilingual Education Policy 218

Introduction 219

Policies for Transition: Transitional Bilingual Education221

Policies for Maintenance and Enrichment: Maintenance BilingualEducation 231

Policies for Enrichment of Social Elite: Prestigious BilingualEducation 236

Policy for Enrichment of Language Majorities: ImmersionBilingual Education 237

Conclusion 240

11 Heteroglossic Bilingual Education Policy 244
by Ofelia García and Hugo Baetens Beardsmore, withcontributions by Debra Cole and Zeena Zakharia

Introduction 245

Policies for Language Revitalization: Immersion RevitalizationBilingual Education 247

Policies for Development of Minority Languages: DevelopmentalBilingual Education 251

Policy for Plurilingualism across Groups: Poly-Directional orTwo-Way Bilingual Education (Dual Language) 257

Policies for Plurilingualism within Groups: CLIL and CLIL-TypeBilingual Education 264

Policies for Multiple Languages: Multiple Multilingual Education266

Conclusion 280

Part IV Bilingual Education Practices 287

12 Bilingualism in the Curriculum 289

Introduction 289

Bilingual Allocation 290

Bilingual Arrangements 291

Bilingual Practices: Translanguaging 304

Models of Bilingual Teaching 308

Conclusion 309

13 Bilingual Education Pedagogy and Practices 312

Introduction 312

Bilingual Education Approaches and Methods 313

Principles and Practices of Bilingual Education Pedagogy 318

Strategies: Scaffolding 329

Conclusion 335

14 Biliteracy Practices and Pedagogy 337

Introduction 337

A Sociocultural Approach 338

The Continua of Biliteracy 340

Models of Biliteracy Use 342

Biliteracy Sequencing 344

Written Language and Texts 346

Instructional Approaches 351

The Biliteracy Workshop 354

Conclusion 364

15 Assessment of Bilinguals 366
by Ofelia García and Hugo Baetens Beardsmore

Introduction 366

The Power of Assessment 367

Assessing Bilinguals 369

Democratic Assessment for Bilinguals 378

Conclusion 378

Part V Bilingual Education for the Twenty-first Century381

Conclusion 383

Appendix: Myths and Realities 390
by Cristina Muir, Yesenia Morales, Lori Falchi, and OfeliaGarcía

Notes 395

Bibliography 410

Author Index 459

Subject Index 466

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)