The Bioarchaeology of Children: Perspectives from Biological and Forensic Anthropology

The Bioarchaeology of Children: Perspectives from Biological and Forensic Anthropology

by Mary E. Lewis
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0521121876

ISBN-13: 9780521121873

Pub. Date: 10/29/2009

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book is the first to be devoted entirely to the study of children's skeletons from archaeological and forensic contexts. It provides an extensive review of the osteological methods and theoretical concepts of their analysis. Non-adult skeletons provide a wealth of information on the physical and social life of the child from their growth, diet and age at death,

Overview

This book is the first to be devoted entirely to the study of children's skeletons from archaeological and forensic contexts. It provides an extensive review of the osteological methods and theoretical concepts of their analysis. Non-adult skeletons provide a wealth of information on the physical and social life of the child from their growth, diet and age at death, to factors that expose them to trauma and disease at different stages of their lives. This book covers the factors that affect non-adult skeletal preservation: the assessment of their age, sex and ancestry; growth and development; infant and child mortality including infanticide; weaning ages and disease of dietary deficiency; skeletal pathology; personal identification and exposure to trauma from birth injuries, accidents and child abuse. The Bioarchaeology of Children provides new insights for undergraduates and postgraduates in osteology, palaeopathology and forensic anthropology.

About the Author:
Mary E. Lewis is a lecturer at the University of Reading

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521121873
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
10/29/2009
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology Series, #50
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
268
Sales rank:
934,062
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgements     x
The bioarchaeology of children     1
Children in archaeology     1
A history of childhood     2
Children in biological anthropology     10
Children in forensic anthropology     13
Summary     19
Fragile bones and shallow graves     20
Introduction     20
Fragile bones?     23
Little people...little things...     26
The marginalised child?     30
Obstetric deaths     33
Summary     37
Age, sex and ancestry     38
Non-adult ageing     38
Sex determination     47
Ancestry     55
Summary     58
Growth and development     60
Introduction     60
Skeletal development and ossification     61
Prenatal and postnatal growth     62
Puberty and the growth spurt     64
Factors affecting growth     66
Growth studies: methods and concerns     68
Interpretations of past growth     74
Bone density     76
Estimations of stature     77
Summary     79
Difficultbirths, precarious lives     81
Introduction     81
Infant mortality rates     81
Reconstructing child mortality     86
Infanticide     87
Summary     96
Little waifs: weaning and dietary stress     97
Introduction     97
Properties of human breastmilk     97
Weaning and infection     99
Ancient feeding practices     100
The osteological evidence     103
Weaning and bone chemistry analysis     115
Specific diseases of malnutrition     119
Summary     132
Non-adult skeletal pathology     133
Introduction     133
Non-specific infections     134
Endocranial lesions     141
Infantile cortical hyperostosis     143
Tuberculosis     146
Congenital syphilis     151
Skeletal pathology and personal identification     159
Summary     162
Trauma in the child     163
Introduction     163
Properties of paediatric trauma     163
Types of fracture     165
Birth trauma     168
Non-adult trauma in the archaeological record     169
Physical child abuse     175
Clinical features of child abuse     176
Child abuse in the archaeological record     181
Summary     183
Future directions     184
Is absence of evidence evidence of absence?     185
Failure to adapt: children as non-survivors     186
Tom, Dick or Harriet? Sexing non-adults     187
The future     188
References     189
Index     248

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >