Biobased Lubricants and Greases: Technology and Products / Edition 1

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With rising petroleum prices as well as increasing environmental concerns, there is a need to develop biochemicals and bioproducts that offer realistic alternatives to their traditional counterparts. Biobased Lubricants and Greases addresses the lack of a centralized resource of information on lubricants and greases from renewable sources, providing a practical guide to the different biobased lubrication technologies available and their relative material benefits. Based on the authors’ 17 years of research and development at the US National Ag-Based Lubricants (NABL) Center, it discusses the various types of vegetable oil available, comparing their characteristics, properties and benefits against those of typical petroleum oils as well as discussing common evaluation tests and giving examples and case studies of successful applications of biobased lubricants and greases.

Engineers, academics and students involved in tribological research as well as research related to the petroleum and agriculture industries will find Biobased Lubricants and Greases an invaluable source of information.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"All in all this book gives a very specific insight on the options and production of bio-based lubricants from a technical and chemical view, unfortunately the economic aspects are not shown." (Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology, 30 August 2011)

"This reference can be useful to a wide audience in industry and academia, and includes case studies on lubricants and greases from renewable sources, test results, new developments and more. " (Lubes & Greases Magazine, 2011)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470741580
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/7/2011
  • Series: Tribology in Practice Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 238
  • Sales rank: 1,146,598
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Lou A.T. Honary is a professor and founding director of the University of Northern Iowa's National Ag-Based Lubricants Center. With the University of Northern Iowa's Research Foundation, in 2000, Honary formed a commercial lubricants grease manufacturing company that has brought to the market various biobased products and is recognized as a leader in biobased grease manufacturing.

Erwin Richter is Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the University of Northern Iowa.

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Table of Contents



Series Preface





1.1 Historical Development of Vegetable Oil Based Lubricants

1.2 Pioneering Industrial Uses of Vegetable Oils

1.3 Petroleum



Chemistry of lubricants

2.1 The Nature of the Carbon Atom

2.2 Carbon and Hydrocarbon



3.1 Petroleum Based Lubricants

3.2 Basic Chemistry of Crude Oil



Plant Oils

4.1 Chemistry of Vegetable Oils Relating to Lubricating Oils

4.2 Triglycerides

4.3 Properties of Vegetable Oils

4.4 Vegetable Oil Processing

4.5 Oxidation

4.6 Winterization

4.7 Chemical Refining

4.8 Conventional Crop oils



5.1 Esters

5.2 Esters for Biofuels

5.3 Complex Esters

5.4 Estolides

5.5 Other Chemical Modifications



6.1 Genetic Modification and Industrial Crops

6.2 Industrial Crops

6.3 Future and Industrial Crops



Biobased Lubricants Technology

7.1 Determination of Oxidation Stability

7.2 Applications

7.3 Petroleum While Oils and Food Grade Lubricants



8.1 Performance Properties of Industrial Lubricants

8.2 Common Performance Requirements

8.3 Heat transfer Properties

8.4 Dielectric Properties

8.5 Fluid quality

8.6 Fluid Compatibility

8.7 Hydrostatic Stability

8.8 Demulsibility

8.9 Oxidation Stability

8.10 Oxidation Stability for Mineral Oils

8.11 Elemental Analysis

8.12 Cleanliness

8.13 Storage and Shipping Temperatures

8.14 Tribological Performance of Biobased Lubricants

8.15 Metalworking Fluids

8.16 Biobased Engine Oils



Biobased and Petroleum-Based Greases

9.1 How to Make Soap

9.2 Basic Process for Manufacturing Grease

9.3 Continuous Grease Manufacturing Process

9.4 Use of High Pressure-High Shear Reaction Chambers (Contactors)

9.5 Vegetable Oil Based Greases

9.6 Grease Consistency

9.7 Grease Specifications

9.8 Friction and Wear Tests

9.9 Application Example of Biobased Greases



Biodegradable and Biobased


Biodegradation of Oils

Toxicity and Testing Methods

Chronic Toxicity

Terrestrial Plant Toxicity



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