Bioceramics: Properties, Characterizations, and Applications / Edition 1

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Overview

Bioceramics: Properties, Characterization, and Applications will be a general introduction to the uses of ceramics and glasses in the human body for the purposes of aiding, healing, correcting deformities, and restoring lost function. With over 30 years experience, the author developed the text as an outgrowth of an undergraduate course for senior students in biomedical engineering and will emphasize the fundamentals and applications in modern implant fabrication, and will also deal with tissue engineering scaffolds made of ceramics.
Organized as a textbook for the student needing to acquire the core competencies, it will meet the demands of advanced undergraduate or graduate coursework in bioceramics, biomaterials, biomedical engineering, and biophysics.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
From the reviews:
"This work by Park … offers an in-depth look at the field of bioceramics. … Bioceramics makes good use of figures, including color images, cartoon schematics, microscope images, and quantitative graphs, which address biology, chemistry, and engineering concepts. … This volume will serve well as a graduate-level resource within the curriculum of a material science and engineering department, or as a supplemental monograph for a course in biomaterials within a biomedical engineering curriculum. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students, researchers, and faculty." (C. A. Reinhart-King, Choice, Vol. 46 (11), July, 2009)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780387095448
  • Publisher: Springer New York
  • Publication date: 8/25/2008
  • Series: Tata Institute Lectures on Mathematics Series
  • Edition description: 2008
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 364
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Joon Park is a Professor in the Biomedical Engineering Department at the College of Engineering at the University of Iowa.

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Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents Pages

CHAPTER 1

Introduction 1-1

Problems 1-6

Symbols and Definitions 1-7

References 1-9

CHAPTER 2 STRUCTURE OF CERAMICS

2.1. Atomic Bonding and Arrangement 2-1

2.2. Characterization of Microstructure 2-4

2.3. Quantitative Analysis of Microstructure 2-6

2.4 MICROSTRUCTURE DETERMINATION OF SINGLE-PHASE 2-8

Problems 2-27

Symbols and Definitions 2-29

References 2-32

CHAPTER 3 CHARACTERIZATION OF CERAMICS AND GLASSES

3.1. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 3-1

3.2. STRENGTHENING OF CERAMICS AND GLASSES 3-7

3.3. WEIBULL STATISTICS OF BRITTLE FAILURE 3-8

3.4. IMPACT STRENGTH, HARDNESS, FRICTION, AND WEAR PROPERTIES 3-10

3.5 THERMAL PROPERTIES (PHASE CHANGES) 3-12

3.5.1. Single-Component Systems: Allotropy 3-12

3.5.2. Composition and Phase Stability 3-14

3.5.3. Mechanism of Phase Changes 3-17

3.6. SURFACE PROPERTIES 3-20

Problems 3-61

Symbols and Definitions 3-63

References 3-66

CHAPTER 4 GLASS FORMATION AND CHARACTERIZATION

4.1. GLASS FORMATION 4-1

4.2. NUCLEATION AND GLASS FORMATION 4-2

4.3. STRENGTH OF GLASSES 4-3

4.4. STATIC FATIGUE OF GLASSES 4-4

Problems 4-15

Symbols and Definitions 4-16

References 4-18

CHAPTER 5 HARD TISSUES STRUCTURE, PROPERTY, HEALING, REMODELING, AND BIOCOMPATIBILITY

5.1 STRUCTURE OF PROTEINS 5-1

5.1.1 Proteins 5-2

5.1.la. Collagen 5-2

5.1.lb. Elastin 5-3

5.1.2. Polysaccharides 5-4

5.2. STRUCTURE-PROPERTY RELATIONSHIP 5-3

5.2.l Composition and Structure 5-4

5.2.2 Mechanical Properties 5-6

5.2.3 Modeling of Mechanical Properties of Bone 5-7

5.3 Hard Tissue Healing and Remodeling Problems 5-10

5.3.1. Wound Healing Process of Hard Tissues 5-10

5.3.2 Bone Remodeling 5-11

5.4 BIOCOMPATIBILITY 5-13

Problems 5-45

Symbols and Definitions 5-46

References 5-48

CHAPTER 6 ALUMINUM OXIDES (ALUMINA)

6.1 Source, Composition and Structure 6-1

6.2 Mechanical Properties 6-2

6.3 Fatigue Properties and Service Life 6-4

6.4. Applications 6-6

6.4.1 Joint Replacements 6-6

6.4.2 Dental Implants 6-7

6.5 FURTHER THOUGHTS 6-8

Problems 6-29

Symbols and Definitions 6-32

References 6-34

CHAPTER 7 ZIRCONIUM OXIDES (ZIRCONIA)

7.1 Source and manufacturing of zirconia 7-1

7.2 structure and Properties of zirconia 7-1

7.3 long term stability and implant design 7-4

7.4 FURTHER THOUGHTS 7-8

Problems 7-43

Symbols and Definitions 7-43

References 7-45

CHAPTER 8 GLASS-CERAMICS

8.1 FORMATION OF GLASS-CERAMICS 8-1

8.2. PROPERTIES OF GLASS-CERAMICS 8-3

8.2.1. Mechanical Properties 8-3

8.2.2. Chemical Properties 8-3

8.3. COATINGS AND COMPOSITES 8-4

8.4. FURTHER THOUGHTS 8-4

Problems 8-16

Symbols and Definitions 8-17

References 8-18

CHAPTER 9 HYDROXYAPATITE

9.1 SOURCE, COMPOSITION AND STRCUTURE 9-1
9.2 PROPERTIES OF HYDROXYAPATITE 9-3

9.2.1. Mechanical Properties 9-3

9.2.2. Chemical Properties 9-5

9.3 APPLICATIONS 9-5

9.4. FURTHER THOUGHTS 9-7

Problems 9-25

Symbols and Definitions 9-26

References 9-28

CHAPTER 10 CARBONS AND DLC

10.1 SOURCE AND STRUCTURE OF CARBONS 10-1

10.2 PROPERTIES OF CARBONS 10-3

10.3 MANUFACTURING OF CARBON IMPLANTS 10-3

10.4 Diamond-Like Carbon (DLC) Coatings 10-5

10.4.1 Composition and Structure of DLC Coatings 10-5

10.4.2 Methods of Producing DLC Coatings 10-6

10.4.2.a Ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD) 10-6

10.4.2.b Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) 10-6

10.4.2.c Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD), Laser Ablation 10-7

10.4.3 Material and Mechanical Properties of DLC Coatings 10-7

10.4.4 Tribology of DLC Coatings 10-7

10.4.5. Biocompatibility of DLC Coatings 10-9

10.4.6 Conclusion and Future Developments 10-9

10.5 FURTHER THOUGHTS 10-10

Problems 10-30

Symbols and Definitions 10-31

References 10-33

CHAPTER 11 SULFATES, TITANATES

11.1 Source, Composition and Structure OF SUFATES 11-1

11.1.1 Calcium Sulfate 11-1

11.1.2 Barium Sulfate 11-3

11.2 STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF TITANATES 11-4

11.2.1 Barriumcium Titanate(BaTiO3) 11-4

11.2.2 Calcium Titanate 11-5

11.3 Applications 11-5

11.4 FURTHER THOUGHTS 11-9

Problems 11-30

Symbols and Definitions 11-31

References 11-33

CHAPTER 12 HARD TISSUE SUBSTITUES, OSTEOINTEGRATION

12.1 Calcium Phosphate (CaP) Compounds 12-1

12.2 Calcium Sulfate 12-3

12.3 Glass-Ceramics 12-4

12.4 Osseointegration 12-5

12.5 FURTHER THOUGHTS 12-6

Problems 12-19

Symbols and Definitions 12-20

References 12-23

CHAPTER 13 COMPOSITES, SCAFFOLDS FOR TISSUE ENGINEERING

13.1 Fundamentals of Composite Theory 13-1

13.1.1 Structure of Composite 13-1 13.1.2 Mechanics of Composite 13-2

13.2 Applications of Composites 13-5

13.2.1 Orthopedic Implants 13-6

13.2.2 Dental Filling Composites and Cements 13-8 13.3 Composite Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering 13-10

13.4 Fabrication of Bone Scaffolds 13-12

13.5 Biocompatibility of Composite Biomaterials Problems 13-14

13.6 FURTHER THOUGHTS 13-14

Problems 13-47

Symbols and Definitions 13-50

References 13-52

Appendix

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