Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Wood

Overview

The biochemistry and molecular biology of wood is important to elucidate the characteristics of wood as a biomaterial. For the understanding of the properties of wood and wood components, it is necessary to investigate the characterization of genes encoding enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of wood components, the differentiation of the cambium into phloem and xylem, and the mechanisms of the expression of these genes.
The author gives an overview of the rapidly progressing ...

See more details below
Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997)
$117.86
BN.com price
(Save 8%)$129.00 List Price
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (6) from $79.70   
  • New (4) from $79.70   
  • Used (2) from $153.76   
Sending request ...

Overview

The biochemistry and molecular biology of wood is important to elucidate the characteristics of wood as a biomaterial. For the understanding of the properties of wood and wood components, it is necessary to investigate the characterization of genes encoding enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of wood components, the differentiation of the cambium into phloem and xylem, and the mechanisms of the expression of these genes.
The author gives an overview of the rapidly progressing research in the relatively new field of molecular biology of trees and wood.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...this book will remain one of the major synthetic contributions on wood physiology made during the end of this century." Annales des Sciences Forestires
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642644191
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 7/31/2012
  • Series: Springer Series in Wood Science
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 362
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.78 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Structure and Functions of Wood.- 1.1 Microscopic Structure.- 1.1.1 Softwoods (Conifers).- 1.1.2 Hardwoods (Dicot Angiosperms).- 1.1.3 Bamboos.- 1.2 Ultrastructure of Wood Cell Walls.- 1.2.1 Cellulose Microfibrils.- 1.2.2 Orientation of Microfibrils.- 1.2.3 Cell Walls of Reaction Woods.- 1.3 Ultrastructure and Functions of Wood Cells.- 1.3.1 Nucleus.- 1.3.2 Ribosomes.- 1.3.3 Endoplasmic Reticulum.- 1.3.4 Golgi Apparatus.- 1.3.5 Mihondria.- 1.3.6 Plastids.- 1.3.6.1 Amyloplasts.- 1.3.6.2 Chloroplasts.- 1.3.7 Vacuoles.- 1.3.8 Cytoskeletons.- 1.3.8.1 Microtubules.- 1.3.8.2 Microfilaments.- 1.3.9 Cell Membrane.- 1.3.10 Cell Wall.- 2 Primary Metabolism in Woody Plants.- 2.1 Primary and Secondary Metabolism.- 2.2 Photosynthesis.- 2.3 Photorespiration.- 2.4 Glycolysis.- 2.5 Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle.- 2.6 Pentose Phosphate Cycle.- 2.7 Glyoxylate Cycle.- 2.8 Nitrogen Metabolism.- 2.8.1 Nitrogen Fixation.- 2.8.2 Amino Acid Formation.- 2.8.3 Transamination.- 3 Genome Organization, Protein Synthesis, and Gene Expression.- 3.1 Genome Organization.- 3.1.1 DNA and Genes.- 3.1.2 Genes and Chromosomes.- 3.1.3 Structure and Duplication of DNA.- 3.1.4 RNA Synthesis.- 3.1.4.1 Structure and Function of mRNA.- 3.1.4.2 Structure and Function of tRNA.- 3.1.4.3 rRNA.- 3.1.4.4 Splicing of RNA.- 3.1.4.5 RNA Editing.- 3.1.5 mRNA and the Genetic Code.- 3.2 Protein Synthesis.- 3.3 Gene Expression.- 3.3.1 Fundamental Structure of the Gene.- 3.3.2 RNA Polymerase and Transcription Apparatus.- 3.3.3 Base Sequence of Transcription Promoter.- 3.3.4 The Factor of Transcriptional Control.- 3.3.5 Regulation of Gene Expression.- 3.4 Gene Expression in Plants.- 3.4.1 Regulation of Gene Expression by Light.- 3.4.2 Gene Expression in Chloroplasts.- 3.4.3 Gene Expression in Mihondria.- 4 Biosynthesis of Wood Components.- 4.1 Chemical Composition of Wood.- 4.1.1 Cellulose.- 4.1.2 Hemicelluloses.- 4.1.3 Lignin.- 4.1.4 Aliphatic Compounds.- 4.1.5 Sugars.- 4.1.6 Aromatic Compounds.- 4.1.7 Terpenes.- 4.1.8 Biosynthetic Pathways.- 4.2 Biosynthesis of Cell Wall Polysaccharides.- 4.2.1 Localization of Polysaccharides in Wood Cell Walls.- 4.2.2 Metabolism of Sugar Nucleotides.- 4.2.2.1 UDP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase.- 4.2.2.2 Sucrose Synthase.- 4.2.2.3 UDP-Glucose Dehydrogenase.- 4.2.2.4 UDP-Glucuronate Carboxylase.- 4.2.2.5 UDP-Glucose 4-Epimerase.- 4.2.2.6 UDP-Glucuronate 4-Epimerase.- 4.2.2.7 UDP-Arabinose 4-Epimerase.- 4.2.2.8 The myo-Inositol Oxidation Pathway.- 4.2.3 Biosynthesis of Cellulose.- 4.2.3.1 Microorganisms.- 4.2.3.2 Plants.- 4.2.4 Cellulose Microfibrils.- 4.2.4.1 Structure of Microfibrils.- 4.2.4.2 Formation of Microfibrils.- 4.2.4.3 Cell Growth and Microfibril Orientation.- 4.2.5 Biosynthesis of—-1,3-Glucan.- 4.2.6 Biosynthesis of Xyloglucan.- 4.2.7 Biosynthesis of Xylan (Arabinoxylan).- 4.2.8 Biosynthesis of Glucomannan.- 4.2.9 Biosynthesis of Galactan.- 4.2.10 Biosynthesis of Arabinan.- 4.2.11 Biosynthesis of Pectin (Polygalacturonic Acid).- 4.2.12 Biosynthesis of Sugar Chains of Glycoproteins.- 4.2.13 Cell Organelles Involved in Polysaccharide Synthesis.- 4.3 Phenylpropane Derivatives.- 4.3.1 The Shikimate Pathway Commonly Involved in the Biosynthesis of Aromatic Compounds.- 4.3.1.1 The Enzyme System in Aromatric Biosynthesis.- 4.3.2 Biosynthesis of Phenylalanine and Tyrosine.- 4.3.2.1 Phenylalanine and Tyrosine.- 4.3.2.2 Diversity of the Shikimate Pathway.- 4.3.3 The General Phenylpropanoid Pathway.- 4.3.3.1 Phenyalanine Ammonia-Lyase.- 4.3.3.2 Cinnamate 4-Hydroxylase (C4H).- 4.3.3.3 4-Coumarate: Coenzyme A Ligase (4CL).- 4.3.4 Lignin.- 4.3.4.1 Formation of Monolignols.- 4.3.4.2 Dehydrogenative Polymerization of Monolignols to Lignins.- 4.3.4.3 Structural Differences in Dehydrogenation Polymers.- 4.3.4.4 Differences in Biosynthesis of Lignins Between Tissues and Plants.- 4.3.5 Lignans.- 4.3.5.1 Introduction.- 4.3.5.2 Structural Features of Lignans.- 4.3.5.3 Biosynthetic Pathways of Lignans — In Vivo Experiments.- 4.3.5.4 Enzymatic Lignan Formation.- 4.3.6 Flavonoids.- 4.3.6.1 Biosynthetic Pathways.- 4.3.6.2 Isoflavonoids.- 4.3.7 Stilbenes.- 4.3.7.1 Biosynthesis.- 4.3.7.2 Induction of Stilbene Formation.- 4.3.8 Quinones.- 4.3.9 Tannins.- 4.3.9.1 Hydrolyzable Tannins.- 4.3.9.2 Condensed Tannins.- 4.3.10 Suberin.- 4.4 Lipids.- 4.4.1 Membrane Lipids.- 4.4.2 Acyltriglycerides (Fats).- 4.4.2.1 Saturated Fatty Acids.- 4.4.2.2 Unsaturated Fatty Acids.- 4.4.2.3 Acyltriglycerides.- 4.4.3 Waxes.- 4.5 Isoprenoids.- 4.5.1 Structure of Isoprenoids.- 4.5.2 Polymerization of Active Isoprene.- 4.5.3 Formation of Cyclic Mono- and Sesquiterpenes.- 4.5.4 Biosynthesis of Carotenoids.- 4.5.5 Di- and Triterpenes.- 4.5.6 Biosynthesis of Polyterpenes.- 4.5.7 Prenylation of Proteins.- 4.5.8 Tropolones.- 5 Formation and Development of Wood Tissues.- 5.1 Development of Phloem and Xylem.- 5.1.1 Formation of Phloem and Xylem.- 5.1.1.1 Primary Xylem.- 5.1.1.2 Primary Phloem.- 5.1.1.3 Vascular Cambium.- 5.1.2 Regulation of Xylem and Phloem Differentiation.- 5.1.2.1 Plant Hormones.- 5.1.2.2 Other Factors.- 5.1.3 Physiological and Biochemical Processes of Xylem and Phloem Differentiation.- 5.1.3.1 Acquisition of Differentiation Ability.- 5.1.3.2 Cell Elongation.- 5.1.3.3 Formation of Secondary Walls.- 5.1.3.4 Disappearance of Cell Content.- 5.1.4 Genes Involved in Tracheary Element Differentiation.- 5.1.4.1 Genes Expressed Before Vascular Bundle Differentiation.- 5.1.4.2 Genes Expressed in Vascular Bundle Formation.- 5.1.4.3 Regulation of Gene Expression in Vascular Bundle Differentiation.- 5.1.5 Deposition of Polysaccharides and Lignin in Xylem Cell Walls.- 5.1.5.1 Deposition of Lignin in Xylem Cell Wall.- 5.1.5.2 Formation and Structure of Conifer Lignin.- 5.1.5.3 Formation and Structure of Hardwood Lignin.- 5.1.5.4 Formation and Structure of Grass Lignin.- 5.1.5.5 Deposition of Lignin at the Molecular Level.- 5.1.5.6 Transportation and Polymerization of Monolignols in Cell Walls.- 6 Formation of Earlywood, Latewood, and Heartwood.- 6.1 Regulation of Formation of Earlywood and Latewood.- 6.1.1 Auxins.- 6.1.1.1 Formation and Distribution of Auxins in Conifers.- 6.1.1.2 Effect of Indole Acetic Acid on Formation of Tree Stems.- 6.1.2 Abscisic Acid.- 6.1.3 Cytokinins.- 6.1.4 Gibberellins.- 6.1.5 Ethylene.- 6.1.6 Brassinosteroids.- 6.2 Regulation of Heartwood Formation.- 6.2.1 Histological Characteristics of Heartwood.- 6.2.2 Heartwood and Extractives.- 6.2.3 Metabolism of Ray Parenchyma Cells.- 6.2.4 Gene Expression in Heartwood Formation.- References.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)