Biodegradation of Pesticides

Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1982)
$99.00 price
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (4) from $91.77   
  • New (3) from $91.77   
  • Used (1) from $154.27   
Sending request ...

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781468440904
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 2/28/2013
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1982
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.69 (d)

Table of Contents

I Biodegradation of Pesticides: Principles and Mechanisms.- 1 Degradation of Pesticides by Animals.- 1.1. Introduction.- 1.2. Phase I Metabolism.- 1.2.1. Dehydrohalogenation and Dehalogenation.- 1.2.2. Desulfuration.- 1.2.3. Epoxidation.- 1.2.4. Hydrolysis.- 1.2.5. Hydroxylation.- 1.2.6. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions.- 1.2.7. Isomerization.- 1.2.8. Nitrosation.- 1.3. Phase II Metabolism.- 1.3.1. Glycoside Formation.- 1.3.2. Sulfoconjugation.- 1.3.3. Other Conjugation Reactions.- 1.4. Conclusion.- References.- 2 Pesticide Metabolism in Plants: Reactions and Mechanisms.- 2.1. Introduction.- 2.2. Pesticide Metabolism in Plants.- 2.2.1. Absorption.- 2.2.2. Translocation and Distribution.- 2.2.3. Metabolism.- 2.3. Degradation Reactions of Pesticides in Plants.- 2.3.1. Oxidation.- 2.3.2. Reduction.- 2.3.3. Hydrolysis.- 2.3.4. Conjugation.- 2.3.5. Bound or Insoluble Residues.- 2.4. Conclusion.- References.- 3 Degradation of Pesticides in the Environment by Microorganisms and Sunlight.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Characteristics of Microbial Metabolism.- 3.2.1. Enzymatic Degradation.- 3.2.2. Criteria for Distinguishing One Type of Metabolism from Another.- 3.3. Commonly Occurring Metabolic Processes in Microorganisms.- 3.3.1. Hydrolytic Processes.- 3.3.2. Reductive Systems.- 3.3.3. Oxidative Reactions.- 3.4. Other Metabolic Reactions Related to Pesticide Degradation.- 3.4.1. Dehydrochlorination.- 3.4.2. Isomerization.- 3.4.3. Synthetic Metabolism.- 3.4.4. Polymerization.- 3.5. Degradation by Sunlight and Other Physical Factors.- 3.5.1. Hydrolysis: Nucleophilic Reaction.- 3.5.2. Dehalogenation.- 3.5.3. Oxidation.- 3.5.4. Isomerization and Polymerization.- 3.6. Conclusion.- References.- II Application of the Principles of Biodegrada Tion of Pesticides.- 4 Microbial Degradation of Pesticides in Tropical Soils.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. Residues in Soil.- 4.3. Microbial Degradation.- 4.3.1. Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Insecticides.- 4.3.2. Organophosphorous Insecticides.- 4.3.3. Carbamate Insecticides.- 4.3.4. Fungicides.- 4.4. Factors Influencing Persistence of Pesticides.- 4.4.1. Soil Moisture.- 4.4.2. Organic Matter.- 4.4.3. Redox Conditions.- 4.4.4. Soil Acidity.- 4.4.5. Soil Temperature.- 4.4.6. Sorption-Desorption.- 4.4.7. Mineral Constituents.- 4.4.8. Pesticide Combinations.- 4.5. Conclusion.- References.- 5 Persistence and Biodegradation of Herbicides.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Persistence.- 5.3. Degradation.- 5.3.1. Biodegradation.- 5.3.2. Nonbiodegradation.- 5.4. Man’s Activities.- 5.5. Conclusion.- References.- 6 Biodegradation of Agricultural Fungicides.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. Toxicity of Fungicides to Nontarget Organisms.- 6.3. Stability of Fungicides.- 6.4. Biodegradation of Selected Fungicides.- 6.4.1. Triphenyltins.- 6.4.2. PCNB (Terraclor, Quintozene).- 6.4.3. Dithiocarbamates.- 6.4.4. Substituted Phthalimides.- 6.4.5. Chloroneb.- 6.4.6. Benzimidazoles.- 6.5. Effect of Fungicides on Pesticide Degradation.- 6.6. Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 7 Biodegradable Insecticides: Their Application in Forestry.- 7.1. Introduction.- 7.2. Need for Insecticides.- 7.3. Use of DDT: 1945–1974.- 7.4. Alternatives to DDT and Other Insecticides.- 7.5. Insecticide Evaluation Research.- 7.6. Testing Protocol.- 7.6.1. Laboratory Testing and Evaluation.- 7.6.2. Bioassay Studies.- 7.6.3. Individual Tree Evaluations.- 7.6.4. Field Testing.- 7.7. Systemic Insecticides.- 7.8. Trends in Forest Pest Management.- 7.9. Conclusions.- References.- 8 The Use of Biodegradable Pesticides in Public Health Entomology.- 8.1. Introduction.- 8.2. The Nature and Diversity of Arthropod-Borne Disease.- 8.3. Insecticides: The Recent Past.- 8.3.1. Mosquito Control in the United States.- 8.3.2. Malaria Control.- 8.4. Integrated Pest and Vector Management.- 8.5. Source Reduction.- 8.5.1. Salt Marsh Mosquitoes.- 8.5.2. Aedes vexons.- 8.5.3. Aedes aegypti.- 8.5.4. Aedes triseriatus.- 8.6. Mass-Produced Biocontrol Agents.- 8.6.1. Larvivorous Fish.- 8.6.2. Insectan Predators.- 8.6.3. Bacterial Pathogens.- 8.6.4. Fungi.- 8.6.5. Protozoa.- 8.6.6. Nematodes.- 8.7. Insecticides for Mosquito Control.- 8.7.1. Conventional Larvicides.- 8.7.2. Synthetic Pyrethroids.- 8.7.3. Insect Growth Regulators.- 8.8. The Need to Apply Existing Knowledge.- References.- 9 Pesticides for Stored Products.- 9.1. Introduction.- 9.2. Fumigants.- 9.3. Protectants.- 9.4. Alternative Chemical Control Techniques.- 9.4.1. Compounds That Affect Insect Development.- 9.4.2. Compounds That Affect Insect Behavior.- 9.5. Conclusion.- References.- 10 Application of Biodegradable Pesticides in India.- 10.1. Introduction.- 10.2. The Pesticide Industry in India.- 10.2.1. Consumption of Pesticides in India.- 10.2.2. Development of Process Technology within the Country.- 10.3. Biodegradation of Pesticides by Microorganisms.- 10.4. Insecticides of Plant Origin.- 10.5. Farm Management and Metabolism.- 10.5.1. Organophosphorus Compounds.- 10.5.2. Organochlorine Insecticides.- 10.5.3. Carbamate Compounds.- 10.5.4. Fungicides, Herbicides, and Fumigants.- 10.6. Postharvest Storage.- 10.7. Bioefficacy and Residue Effects of Pesticides.- 10.8. Pesticides in Forestry.- 10.9. Safety Evaluation Studies.- 10.9.1. Toxicity to Fish.- 10.9.2. Toxicity to Wildlife.- 10.9.3. Toxicity to Animals.- 10.9.4. Toxicity to Man.- 10.10. Future Perspectives.- References.
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)