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Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction
     

Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction

by Sahotra Sarkar
 

ISBN-10: 052114342X

ISBN-13: 9780521143424

Pub. Date: 06/10/2010

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book explores the epistemological and ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasising the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticises attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and defends an anthropocentric position on biodiversity conservation based on an untraditional concept of transformative value. Unlike other

Overview

This book explores the epistemological and ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasising the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticises attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and defends an anthropocentric position on biodiversity conservation based on an untraditional concept of transformative value. Unlike other studies in the field of environmental philosophy, this book is as much concerned with epistemological issues as with environmental ethics. It covers a broad range of topics, including problems of explanation and prediction in traditional ecology and how individual-based models and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology is transforming ecology. Introducing a brief history of conservation biology, Sarkar analyses the consensus framework for conservation planning through adaptive management. He concludes with a discussion of directions for theoretical research in conservation biology and environmental philosophy.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521143424
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
06/10/2010
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
280
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Acknowledgmentsxv
1Introduction1
1.1A Focus on Biodiversity7
1.2The Structure of the Book9
1.3Three Flawed Arguments13
2Concern for the Environment21
2.1The Myth of Lost Futures26
2.2The Myth of the Golden Age32
2.3Wilderness37
3Intrinsic Values and Biocentrism45
3.1Adequacy Conditions for a Conservationist Ethic47
3.2Two Concepts of Intrinsic Value52
3.3Arguments for Intrinsic Value58
3.4Biocentrism and Deep Ecology68
3.5Animal Welfare71
4Tempered Anthropocentrism75
4.1Demand Values77
4.2Transformative Values81
4.3Obligations of Conservation87
4.4Wilderness and Aesthetic Appreciation90
4.5The Boundary Problem95
4.6The Directionality Problem96
4.7Solutions98
4.8Adequacy Tests103
5Problems of Ecology106
5.1Ecological Models109
5.2New Directions127
5.3Extinction132
6The Consensus View of Conservation Biology145
6.1Adaptive Management151
6.2The Place Prioritization Problem159
6.3The Surrogacy Problem168
6.4The Viability Problem173
6.5Defining "Biodiversity"178
7Incommensurability and uncertainty185
7.1Types of Values187
7.2Multiple Criterion Synchronization196
7.3The Context of Biodiversity203
7.4Coping with Uncertainty206
7.5Probabilistic Place Prioritization210
7.6A Bayesian Future?212
8In Conclusion: Issues for the Future218
8.1The Value of Biodiversity219
8.2The Science of Biodiversity Conservation223
References231
Index251

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