Biodiversity and Human Health / Edition 1

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Overview

The implications of biodiversity loss for the global environment have been widely discussed, but only recently has attention been paid to its direct and serious effects on human health. Biodiversity loss affects the spread of human diseases, causes a loss of medical models, diminishes the supplies of raw materials for drug discovery and biotechnology, and threatens food production and water quality. Biodiversity and Human Health brings together leading thinkers on the global environment and biomedicine to explore the human health consequences of the loss of biological diversity. Based on a two-day conference sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Smithsonian Institution, the book opens a dialogue among experts from the fields of public health, biology, epidemiology, botany, ecology, demography, and pharmacology on this vital but often neglected concern.

Biodiversity and Human Health brings together leading thinkers on the global environment and biomedicine to explore the human health consequences of the loss of biological diversity. Contributors discuss the uses and significance of biodiversity to the practice of medicine today, and develop strategies for conservation of these critical resources.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781559635011
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/1997
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 350
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction 1
1 Global Environmental Degradation and Biodiversity Loss: Implications for Human Health 7
2 Earthly Dominion: Population Growth, Biodiversity, and Health 39
3 Biodiversity and Emerging Infectious Diseases: Integrating Health and Ecosystem Monitoring 60
4 Fatal Synergisms: Interactions between Infectious Diseases, Human Population Growth, and Loss of Biodiversity 87
5 Biodiversity Loss in and around Agroecosystems 111
6 The Origins of Prescription Drugs 131
7 Natural Products for the Treatment of Infectious Diseases 164
8 Capturing the Chemical Value of Biodiversity: Economic Perspectives and Policy Prescriptions 184
9 Indigenous Peoples and Conservation 207
10 Medicinal Plants for Healing the Planet: Biodiversity and Environmental Health Care 221
11 Returning Benefits from Ethnobotanical Drug Discovery to Native Communities 243
12 A Paradigm for the Equitable Sharing of Benefits Resulting from Biodiversity Research and Development 267
13 Integrating Drug Discovery, Biodiversity Conservation, and Economic Development: Early Lessons from the International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups 281
14 Causes and Consequences of Biodiversity Loss: Liquidation of Natural Capital and Biodiversity Resource Development in Costa Rica 302
15 Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: Myths, Realities, and Potential 312
16 Opportunities for Collaboration between the Biomedical and Conservation Communities 334
Afterword: A Proposal for a National Council on Biodiversity and Human Health 353
Contributors 357
Index 361
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