Biodiversity: Conserving Endangered Species

Overview

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this set present all sides of the debate. Designed to complement science curricula, the set also covers relevant history and new green technologies and ...

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Overview

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this set present all sides of the debate. Designed to complement science curricula, the set also covers relevant history and new green technologies and innovations that will contribute to the field in the future.

Biodiversity: Conserving Endangered Species explores the relationship between habitats and adaptation-two important areas of biodiversity, a field devoted to the study of the variety of living things on Earth or within a specific area. The book looks at the ways in which habitats are destroyed, the devastating effect this has on biodiversity, and the ways in which environmental scientists try to save endangered species by restoring their habitats. Sidebars citing actual examples and statistics, figures, and case studies enhance fundamental concepts and give the reader a sense of the urgency of the issues related to biodiversity.

The volume includes information on

animal and plant diversity

environmental ethics

global conservation strategies

human decisions that endanger wildlife

mapping and monitoring the environment

measuring diversity

native versus invasive species

species and extinction

urban development

wildlife monitoring and preservation

The book contains 50 color photographs and line illustrations, three appendixes on conservation and diversity, a glossary, a detailed list of printand Internet resources, and an index. Green Technology is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who seek information on the important issues that affect the environment worldwide.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816071975
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 12/1/2009
  • Series: Green Technology Series
  • Pages: 232
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

1 Endangered Species 1

The Biodiversity Debate 5

Endangered and Threatened Species 8

The Web of Life 9

Case Study: The Ivory-Billed Woodpecker 11

Preservation versus Conservation 16

Carl Linnaeus-The Father of Taxonomy 23

Climate Change and Biodiversity 24

The Global Community of Species 27

Environmental Ethics 27

The Biodiversity Treaty 28

Conclusion 29

2 Measuring Species and Extinction 31

Types of Biological Diversity 32

The Number of Species on Earth 35

Keystone Species 37

Gene Pools and Niches 40

Environmental Ethics 41

Environmental Indicators 45

Measuring Species Loss 47

Case Study: The March of the Argentine Ants 48

Assessing Habitats 51

Extinction 55

Watching a Species Disappear 58

Preservation Technology 58

Conclusion 63

3 Protecting Native from Invasive Species 65

Ecosystems Invaded 66

Species Competition 71

Migrations 74

How Resource Partitioning Preserves Species 76

Characteristics of Adaptive Species 77

The Consequences of Invasion 80

Eradication 81

Zebra Mussels 82

Animal Reintroduction 84

Plant Reintroduction 86

Case Study: Yellowstone's Wolves 87

Conclusion 92

4 Urban Development 94

Human Populations and Biodiversity 95

Case Study: The Everglades 99

Habitat Loss and Fragmentation 102

Succession 106

Species Adapted to Urban Life 108

Maintaining Migration Corridors 109

Urban Greenways 113

Monitoring and Mapping the Environment 115

Conclusion 116

5 Nature Reserves 118

History of Wildlife Preservation 119

The Worlds Wildlife Preserves 122

Sanctuaries and Artificial Habitats 125

Zoos and Aquariums128

Animal Species versus Human Hunger 130

Poaching and Wildlife Trade 131

Breeding and Release Programs 132

Case Study: Protecting Palau's Biodiversity 133

Conclusion 135

6 Species Protection 137

Steps Toward Protecting Species 137

How Human Decisions Endanger Wildlife 138

Global Conservation Strategies 141

Lewis and Clark as Naturalists 142

Saving Marine Biodiversity 144

Case Study: Lake Victoria 145

Wildlife Monitoring 149

How Forensic Science Fights Poaching 151

The Delisting Process 152

Conclusion 155

7 Methods for Measuring Diversity 157

Climate and Topography 157

Mapping Species and Growth Patterns 161

Plant Diversity Richness 163

Biodiversity Hotspots around the World 164

Plant Rarity 164

Animal Diversity Richness 166

Animal Rarity 166

Species Succession 167

Amphibians and Reptiles 170

Aquatic Biodiversity 173

Case Study: Ocean Warming and Phytoplankton 174

Ranking the Rare Species 175

Species Distribution 178

Conclusion 178

8 Future Needs 180

Appendixes 183

Glossary 191

Further Resources 198

Index 207

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