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School Library JournalGr 8 Up
This fact-filled volume contains individual essays on each of the 110 members of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1789 to 2005. Entries describe each justice's work and impact on the court. The pieces are arranged alphabetically by the subject's last name, and chronological, case-name, and subject indexes are provided. Urofsky's preface expresses his perspectives on the operation of the court and how individual justices can influence it, and while contributors don't shy away from offering their own opinions, they are careful to place them into context and support them within the text. Articles range from 2 to 15 pages, with well-known and/or contemporary members rating the longer entries. The essays begin with a listing of the justice's birth and death dates; education; previous jobs; and Supreme Court service, including the president who nominated them, whose seat they took, and the individual who replaced them. Each entry includes a black-and-white portrait and ends with a short narrative bibliography and listing of noteworthy opinions. These are strictly career biographies; mentions of life outside of the court are few and far between. Also included are descriptions of the roles and responsibilities of supporting personnel, such as the Clerk of the Court and the Reporter of Decisions, and a list of all such officeholders. This update to The Supreme Court Justices: A Biographical Dictionary (Garland, 1994) portrays the world's oldest constitutional court as a living, breathing, powerful institution.—Andrew Medlar, Chicago Public Library, IL
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