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Introduction; Part I: Preface; Introduction; 1. Speculations on the nature of the universe; 2. Speculations on the creation of the universe, and on the origins of knowledge; 3. Intellectual crisis; 4. A new era opened by the invention of a new method; 5. Partial adoption of the Socratic Method; 6. Complete adoption and application of the Socratic Method; 7. Philosophy again reduced to a system; 8. Second crisis of Greek philosophy; 9. Philosophy allies itself with faith; 10. Appendix; Part II: Preface; Introduction; 1. Foundation of the inductive method; 2. Foundation of the deductive method; 3. Philosophy reduced to a question of psychology; 4. The subjective nature of knowledge being established leads to idealism; 5. The arguments of idealism carried out into scepticism; 6. The origin of knowledge reduced to sensation by the confusion of thought with feeling; 7. Second crisis - idealism, scepticism, and materialism producing the reaction of common sense; 8. Recurrence to the fundamental question respecting the origin of knowledge; 9. The demonstration of the subjectivity of knowledge once more leads to idealism; 10 Objective idealism; 11. The third form of idealism, viz., absolute idealism; 12. Final crisis in the history of philosophy, and definite establishment of positivism; Conclusion.