Bioindicators and Biomarkers of Environmental Pollution and Risk Assessment

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Former Library book. Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. 100% Money Back Guarantee. Shipped to over one million happy customers. Your purchase ... benefits world literacy! Read more Show Less

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Jamil is with the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology in Hyderabad. Here he describes the biological monitoring of pollution in order to conserve the biological diverse species and the integrity of natural ecosystems, even if that means taking preventative measures. He surveys species that have been and are being used in specific environments and to signal specific hazards, starting with the traditional canary in the coal mine. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781578081622
  • Publisher: Science Publishers
  • Publication date: 4/1/2001
  • Pages: 228

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1 Introduction and Definition of Bioindicators and Biomarkers 1
1.1 Difference between Bioindicators and Biomarkers 3
1.2 Bioindicators for Evaluating the Ecological Health 4
1.3 Bioindicators of Exposure in situ 6
1.4 Indicator Species of Various Eco-Environments and the Sentinel Organisms 7
1.5 Biomarkers - The Fingerprints of Pollution 9
2 Evolution of Bioindicators and Biomarkers 10
2.1 Use of Bioindicators 11
2.2 Bioindicators of Pollutants 13
2.3 Biomarkers for Evaluating Health Effects 14
2.4 Evolution of Biomarkers in Different Types of Ecosystems 15
2.5 Use of Biomarkers in Different Types of Ecosystems 17
2.6 Biomonitoring Ecotoxicology 18
2.7 Risk Assessments and Biomonitoring 19
3 Aquatic Environment Quality Monitoring 21
3.1 Physico-Chemical Parameters of Aquatic Medium/Water 22
3.2 Chemical Parameters and their Biological Effects 24
3.3 Oil, Grease, Petroleum and Detergents 29
3.4 Thermal Pollution 30
3.5 Biological Parameters 31
3.6 Plants Which are Indicators of Water Quality 33
4 Impact of Pollutants of Bioindicator Species 36
4.1 Selection of Species as Bioindicators for Determining Environmental Health 38
4.2 Heavy Metal Pollution 38
4.3 Types of Pollutants 39
4.4 Bioaccumulation in Plants 41
4.5 Bioaccumulation and Impact on Terrestrial Invertebrates 42
4.6 Bioaccumulation and Toxic Effects in Birds and Small Mammals 42
4.7 Global Concern and Environmental Legislation 47
4.8 Anthropomorphic Effects 48
5 Bioindicators of Aquatic Pollution 51
5.1 Bioindicators to Detect Early Signs of Environmental Damage 51
5.2 Biodiversity of Indicator Organisms 52
5.3 Sentinel Organisms as Bioindicator Species 54
5.4 Bioindicator Species from Different Phyla 56
5.5 Marine Pollution Indicators 77
5.6 Biological Indicators of Diffuse Pollution 78
5.7 Contaminants in Drinking Water 79
5.8 Radiation Effects and Bioindicators 79
5.9 Radioactive Contamination/Exposure 80
6 Biomarkers of Pollution for Risk Assessment 82
6.1 Pesticide Contaminants and Biomarkers 84
6.2 Biomarkers for Heavy Metal Toxicity 86
6.3 Biomarkers for Benzene 89
6.4 Biomarkers of Oxidative Damage 89
6.5 Biomarkers for Aromatic Hydrocarbons 90
6.6 Biomarkers for Asbestos Toxicity 90
6.7 Biomarkers for Particulate Pollutants 91
6.8 Carcinogens and Biomarkers 92
6.9 Biomarker for Acrolein 96
6.10 Biomarkers of Ionizing Radiation 96
6.11 Inventory of Exposure-Reacted Databases 99
7 Eco-Toxicology: A New Era of Research and Bioassays for Risk Assessment 101
7.1 Bioassays/Tests for Toxicity 102
7.2 Bioassay Procedures 106
7.3 Criteria of Selection of Bioassays 109
7.4 Mechanisms of Exposure to Pollutants 111
7.5 Evaluation Procedures 113
7.6 Bioremediation 117
7.7 Genetically Engineered Organisms 123
7.8 Phytoremediation 125
7.9 Water impurities, Measurement, Problems and Solutions for Human Utilization 130
7.10 X-ray Fluorescence Technique 131
8 Molecular Mechanisms of Toxicants: Pollution Fingerprints 133
8.1 Acetylcholine 136
8.2 Transaminases 139
8.3 Free Radical Generation 140
8.4 Antioxidants or Radical Inhibitors 142
8.5 Production of Metabolites 146
8.6 Molecular Interactions of Metal Ions in Biological Systems 147
8.7 Metallothioneins 150
8.8 Sequestration of Metal Toxicity 152
8.9 Mechanism of Metal Pollution Resistance/Sequestering in Plants 153
8.10 Role of Enzyme Molecules in Detoxification Mechanisms 155
9 Environmental Toxicology and Biomonitoring 158
9.1 Biomarkers and Their Utilization 161
9.2 Ecotoxicology and Biomarkers 163
9.3 Radioactive Pollution - Biodiversity at Risk 168
10 Future Trends 169
Bibliography 174
Glossary 193
Index 200
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