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Biologic System Evaluation with Ultrasound / Edition 1
     

Biologic System Evaluation with Ultrasound / Edition 1

by James F. Greenleaf, Chandra M. Sehgal
 

ISBN-10: 0387978518

ISBN-13: 9780387978512

Pub. Date: 06/25/1992

Publisher: Springer New York

Biologic System Evaluation with Ultrasound is a reference book for engineers in the field of ultrasonics and is intended to inform those unfamiliar with current methods of ultrasonic analysis. Explaining the mathematical and physical principles of ultrasound imaging of living tissue with effective precision, the book encompasses the following topics:

Overview

Biologic System Evaluation with Ultrasound is a reference book for engineers in the field of ultrasonics and is intended to inform those unfamiliar with current methods of ultrasonic analysis. Explaining the mathematical and physical principles of ultrasound imaging of living tissue with effective precision, the book encompasses the following topics: relationships between the biological and scattering hierarchies; graphic description of scattering; class 1,2,3,4 scattering and their association with the biological hierarchy; instruments used for biologic system evaluation; computed tomographic methods of imaging. The authors have provided an effective explanation of the ultrasound scattering of image and image acquisition that will benefit engineers, physicists, and radiologists alike.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780387978512
Publisher:
Springer New York
Publication date:
06/25/1992
Edition description:
1992
Pages:
127
Product dimensions:
0.00(w) x 0.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

1 Scattering vs. Biologic Hierarchies.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Organization of Book.- 2 Biologic Material Hierarchy.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Molecules.- 2.3 Cells.- 2.4 Tissues.- 2.4.1 Inflammation.- 2.4.2 Fibrosis.- 2.4.3 Neoplasm.- 2.4.4 Other Diseases.- 2.5 Organs.- 2.6 Function (Organ Systems).- 2.6.1 Heart.- 2.6.2 Other Organs.- 2.7 Summary.- 3 Graphic Description of Scattering.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Wave Equation.- 3.3 Relationships Between the Fourier Transforms of P and Q.- 3.3.1 First-Order Approximations: Born and Rytov.- 3.3.2 Fourier Relationships.- 3.3.3 Orthogonal Incidence.- 3.3.4 Nonorthogonal Incidence.- 3.4 Inverse Diffraction Tomography.- 3.4.1 Backscattering Analysis.- 3.4.2 Echography.- 3.5 Transmission Tomography.- 3.6 Graphic Depiction of Scattering Classes.- 3.7 Discussion.- 4 Class 0 Scattering.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.1.1 Molecular Interactions.- 4.1.2 Macroscopic Interactions.- 4.1.3 Tissues.- 4.2 Class 0 Scatterers.- 4.2.1 Absorption of Ultrasound.- 4.2.2 Sound Speed and Acoustic Nonlinearity (B/A).- 4.2.3 Conclusions.- 5 Class 1, 2, and 3 Scattering.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Model-Based Scatter Analysis.- 5.2.1 Signal Analysis.- 5.2.2 RF Analysis.- 5.2.3 Statistical Analysis of Envelope-Detected Signal.- 5.3 Texture-Based Scatter Analysis.- 5.3.1 Classification.- 5.3.2 Gray-Level Run-Length Texture Analysis.- 5.3.3 Markovian Statistics for Texture Analysis.- 6 Class 4 Scattering.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 M-Mode Ultrasound.- 6.3 Doppler Methods.- 6.3.1 Various Techniques.- 6.3.2 Doppler Tracings.- 6.3.3 Doppler Color Flow Mapping.- 6.3.4 Color Doppler for Induced Motions.- 6.4 Correlation Methods for Measuring Motion.- 6.4.1 Speckle Tracking.- 6.4.2 Time Domain Correlation.- 6.5 Summary.- 7 Backscatter-Imaging Instruments.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Transducers.- 7.2.1 Piezoelectrics.- 7.2.2 Lenses.- 7.2.3 Construction.- 7.3 Beams.- 7.3.1 Lateral Resolution.- 7.3.2 Axial Resolution.- 7.3.3 Resolution Cell.- 7.4 Mechanical Scanning.- 7.5 Lensless Beamforming.- 7.5.1 Phased Array.- 7.5.2 Annular Array.- 7.5.3 Diffractionless Array.- 7.6 Effect of Scattering Class on Image.- 7.6.1 Class 0 Absorption and Speed.- 7.6.2 Class 1 Speckle.- 7.6.3 Class 2 Resolved Scatterers.- 7.6.4 Class 3 Specular Scatterers.- 7.6.5 Class 4 Motion.- 7.7 Conclusion.- 8 Computed Transverse Imaging.- 8.1 Computed Tomography.- 8.1.1 Reconstruction From Transmission Projections.- 8.1.2 Reconstruction From Reflections.- 8.2 Diffraction Tomography.- 8.3 Scattering-Class Comments.

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