Biological Anthropology / Edition 2

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Overview

Biological Anthropology, 2/e continues to build upon the strength and success of the first edition by integrating the foundations and the most current innovations in the field from the ground up.

Over the past twenty years, this field has rapidly evolved from the study of physical anthropology into biological anthropology, incorporating the evolutionary biology of humankind based on information from the fossil record and the human skeleton, genetics of individuals and of populations, our primate relatives, human adaptation, and human behavior. The second edition of Biological Anthropology combines the most up-to-date, comprehensive coverage of the foundations of the field with modern innovations and discoveries.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205768400
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 11/28/2009
  • Series: Books a la Carte Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Craig Stanford is a professor of anthropology and biological sciences at the University of Southern California, where he also directs the Jane Goodall Research Center. He has conducted field research on primate behavior in south Asia, Latin America, and East Africa. He is well known for his long-term studies of meat-eating among wild chimpanzees in Gombe, Tanzania, and of the relationship between mountain gorillas and chimpanzees in the Impenetrable Forest of Uganda. He has authored or coauthored more than 120 scientific publications. Craig has received USC’s highest teaching awards for his introductory Biological Anthropology course. In addition, he has published eleven books on primate behavior and human origins, including Significant Others (2001) and Upright (2003). He and his wife, Erin Moore, a cultural anthropologist at USC, live in South Pasadena, California, and have three children.

John Allen is a research scientist in the Dornsife Cognitive Neuroscience Imaging Center and the Brain and Creativity Institute at the University of Southern California, where he is also an adjunct research associate professor in the Department of Anthropology. Previously, he was a neuroscience researcher at the University of Iowa College of Medicine and a faculty member in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, for several years. His primary research interests are the evolution of the human brain and behavior, and behavioral disease. He also has research experience in molecular genetics, nutritional anthropology, and the history of anthropology. He has conducted fieldwork in Japan, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Palau. He has received university awards for teaching introductory courses in biological anthropology both as a graduate student instructor at the University of California and as a faculty member at the University of Auckland. John and his wife, Stephanie Sheffield, have two sons, Reid and Perry.

Susan Antón is an associate professor in the Center for the Study of Human Origins, Department of Anthropology at New York University, where she also directs the M.A. program in Human Skeletal Biology. She is joint editor of the Journal of Human Evolution. Her field research concerns the evolution of genus Homo in Indonesia and human impact on island ecosystems in the South Pacific. She is best known for her work on H. erectus in Kenya and Indonesia. She received awards for teaching as a graduate student instructor of introductory physical anthropology and anatomy at the University of California and was Teacher of the Year while at the University of Florida. She has been twice elected to Who’s Who Among America’s Teachers. Susan and her husband, Carl Swisher, a geochronologist, raise Anatolian shepherd dogs.

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Table of Contents

Introduction: What Is Biological Anthropology?

The Scope Of Biological Anthropology

The Roots Of Modern Biological Anthropology

Anthropology And Its Other Subfields

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Part I: Mechanisms of Evolution

Chapter 1: Origins of Evolutionary Thought

What Is Science?

The Early Thinkers

The Road To The Darwinian Revolution

The Darwinian Revolution

The Response To Darwin

Science And Creationism

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 2: Genetics: Cells and Molecules

Genetics

The Cell

DNA Structure And Function

Molecular Tools For Bioanthropological Research

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

Chapter 3: Genetics: From Genotype to Phenotype

From Genotype To Phenotype

Mendelian Genetics

Mutation

Genetics Beyond Mendel

Phenylketonuria: Illustrating Mendelian And Post-Mendelian Concepts

Genes And Environments

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 4 : The Forces of Evolution and the Formation of Species

How Evolution Works

Classification And Evolution

Levels Of Selection

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 5: Human Variation: Evolution, Adaptation, and Adaptability

Human Variation At The Individual And Group Level

Historical Perspectives On Human Variation

Population Genetics

Polymorphisms And Natural Selection In Human Populations

AdaptationAnd Adaptability

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

Part II: PRIMATES

Chapter 6: The Primates

The Primate Radiation

A Guide To The Nonhuman Primates

Primate Ecology

Primate Communities

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 7: Primate Behavior

Studying Primates

The Evolution Of Primate Social Behavior

Why Are Nonhuman Primates Social?

Reconstructing The Evolution Of Primate Societies

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

Part III: PALEONTOLOGY AND PRIMATE EVOLUTION

Chapter 8: Fossils in Geological Context

How To Become A Fossil

The Importance Of Context

How Old Is It?

The Earth In The Cenozoic

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 9: Origin of Primates

The Mesozoic And Beyond

Changes In The Paleocene: Origin Of The Primates?

Early Primates Of The Eocene

Evolution Of Higher Primates

Molecular Evolution In Primates

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 10: Becoming Human: The Ape–Hominid Transition

Becoming a Biped

The Transition to Human Behavior 

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

Part IV: The Human Fossil Record

Chapter 11: Early Hominids

Will You Know A Hominid When You See One?

The First Hominids?

Australopithecus And Kin

Understanding The Australopithecine Radiation

Questions For Future Paleoanthropologists

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 12: Rise of the Genus Homo

Defining The Genus Homo

Earliest Genus Homo

Early Tool Use

Hunting And Scavenging

Who Was Homo Erectus?

Homo Erectus Around The World

The Lifeways Of Homo Erectus

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 13: Archaic Homo sapiens and Neandertals

Hominid Evolution In The Middle To Late Pleistocene 

Archaic Homo Sapiens 

Behavior Of Archaic Homo Sapiens 

The Neandertals 

Neandertal Behavior 

Phylogenetic And Taxonomic Issues: An Overview 

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 14: The Emergence and Dispersal of Homo sapiens

The Emergence Of Modern Humans

Models Of Modern Human Origins

Anatomy And Distribution Of Early Humans

Archaeology Of Modern Human Origins

Molecular Genetics And Human Origins

Interpreting Models Of Human Origins

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

Part V: Biology and behavior of modern humans

Chapter 15: Evolution of the Brain and Language

Issues In Hominid Brain Evolution

Language: Biology And Evolution

Brain Size, Language, And Intelligence

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 16: Biomedical Anthropology

Epidemiology: Basic Tools For Biomedical Anthropology

Biocultural And Evolutionary Approaches To Disease

Birth, Growth, And Aging

Infectious Disease And Biocultural Evolution

Diet And Disease

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

Chapter 17: The Evolution of Human Behavior

Studying The Evolution Of Human Behavior

Traditional Lives In Evolutionary Ecological Perspective

Sexual Selection And Human Behavior

Language-Related Cross-Cultural Behaviors

Behavioral Disease

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

Chapter 18: Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology

Life, Death, And The Skeleton

Field Recovery Methods

Laboratory Processing, Curation, And Chain Of Custody

The Biological Profile

Taphonomy

DNA, Kinship, And Identity

Identification And Forensic Anthropology

Applications Of Bioarchaeology

Applications Of Forensic Anthropology

Epilogue  

Summary • Critical Thinking Questions • Key Terms • Suggested Readings

Appendix A    An Overview of the Brain
Appendix B    Primate and Human Comparative Anatomy
Appendix C  The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Appendix D   Metric-Imperial Conversions

 

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