Biological Control of Tropical Weeds using Arthropods

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Weeds are a major constraint to agricultural production, particularly in the developing world. Cost-efficient biological control is a self-sustaining way to reduce this problem, and produces fewer non-target effects than chemical methods, which can cause serious damage to the environment. This book covers the origin, distribution, and ecology of twenty model invasive weed species, which occur in habitats from tropical to temperate to aquatic. Sustainable biological control of each weed using one or more arthropods is discussed. The aim is to provide ecological management models for use across the tropical world, and to assist in the assessment of potential risks to native and economic plants. This is a valuable resource for scientists and policy makers concerned with the biological control of invasive tropical plants.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521877916
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 5/31/2009
  • Pages: 508
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Rangaswamy Muniappan, Professor Emeritus of Entomology at the University of Guam, has specialised in biological control and integrated pest management research in the tropics for over 35 years. He has been serving as the Chairman of the Global Working Group on Chromolaena of the International Organization for Biological Control since 1992, and is currently responsible for managing the IPM CRSP and coordinating with USAID and project partner institutions in the United States and developing countries in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, the Caribbean and Latin America. He has published over 200 research and extension articles.

Gadi V. P. Reddy is an entomologist at the Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Guam. His research interests include developing sex pheromones, host volatiles, and other attractants for use in integrated pest management, behavioural and chemical ecology of multitrophic interactions, and biological control of invasive pests and weeds. He has over 65 publications in journals and has contributed to numerous radio shows and newspaper articles on pest management.

Anantanarayanan Raman is a Senior Lecturer of Ecological Agriculture at the Charles Sturt University, Orange, New South Wales, Australia. His research interests include arthropod-plant interactions, weed biological control, ecology of soil organisms and soil health, and agroforestry.

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Table of Contents

1. Biological control of weeds in the tropics and sustainability R. Muniappan, G. V. P. Reddy and A. Raman; 2. Acacia nilotica ssp. Indica (L.) Willd. ex Del. (Mimosaceae) K. Dhileepan; 3. Australian Acacia species (Mimosaceae) in South Africa F. Impson, J. H. Hoffmann and C. Kleinjan; 4. Ageratina adenophora (Sprengel) R. King and H. Robinson (Asteraceae) R. Muniappan, A. Raman and G. V. P. Reddy; 5. Azolla filiculoides Lamarck (Nostocaceae) M. P. Hill and A. J. McConnachie; 6. Cabomba caroliniana Gray (Cabombaceae) S. Schooler, W. Cabrera-Walsh and M. H. Julien; 7. Invasive cactus species (Cactaceae) H. Zimmermann, C. Moran and J. H. Hoffmann; 8. Chromolaena odorata (L.) R. King and H. Robinson (Asteraceae) C. Zachariades, M. Day, R. Muniappan and G. V. P. Reddy; 9. Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don (Melastomataceae) P. Conant; 10. Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt (Cucurbitaceae) R. Muniappan, G. V. P. Reddy and A. Raman; 11. Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms-Laub. (Pontederiaceae) J. A. Coetzee, M. P. Hill, M. H. Julien, T. D. Center and H. A. Cordo; 12. Lantana camara Linn. (Verbenaceae) M. D. Day and M. P. Zalucki; 13. Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle (Mimosaceae) L. S. Kuniata; 14. Mimosa pigra L. (Leguminosae) T. A. Heard and Q. Paynter; 15. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae) K. Dhileepan and L. Strathie; 16. Passiflora mollissima (HBK) Bailey (Passifloraceae) G. P. Markin; 17. Pistia stratiotes L. (Araceae) P. Neuenschwander, M. H. Julien, T. D. Center and M. P. Hill; 18. Prosopis species (Leguminosae) R. D. van Klinken, J. H. Hoffmann, H. G. Zimmermann and A. P. Roberts; 19. Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitchell (Salviniaceae) M. H. Julien, M. P. Hill and P. W. Tipping; 20. Solanum mauritianum Scopoli (Solanaceae) T. Olckers; 21. Application of natural antagonists including arthropods to resist weedy Striga (Scrophulariaceae) in tropical agroecosystems J. Sauerborn and D. Müller-Stöver; 22. Biological control of weeds in India J. Rabindra and B. S. Bhumannavar; 23. The role of International Institute of Tropical Agriculture in weed biological control F. Beed and T. Dubois; 24. The role of Secretariat of the Pacific Community in the biological control of weeds in the Pacific Islands region - past, present and future activities W. Orapa; Index.

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