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This popular undergraduate textbook offers students a firm grounding in the fundamentals of biological oceanography. As well as a clear and accessible text, learning is enhanced with numerous illustrations including a colour section, thorough chapter summaries, and questions with answers and comments at the back of the book.

The comprehensive coverage of this book encompasses the properties of seawater which affect life in the ocean, classification of marine environments and organisms, phytoplankton and zooplankton, marine food webs, larger marine animals (marine mammals, seabirds and fish), life on the seafloor, and the way in which humans affect marine ecosystems.

The second edition has been thoroughly updated, including much data available for the first time in a book at this level. There is also a new chapter on human impacts - from harvesting vast amounts of fish, pollution, and deliberately or accidentally transferring marine organisms to new environments.

This book complements the Open University Oceanography Series, also published by Butterworth-Heinemann, and is a set text for the Open University third level course, S330.

A leading undergraduate text
New chapter on human impacts - a highly topical subject
Expanded colour plate section
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780750627429
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
  • Publication date: 1/28/1993
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 300

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Introduction
1.1 Special Properties Affecting Life in the Sea 7
1.2 Classifications of Marine Environments and Marine Organisms 8
1.3 Basic Ecological Terms and Concepts 10
1.4 The Historical Development of Biological Oceanography 13
Ch. 2 The Abiotic Environment
2.1 Solar Radiation 22
2.2 Temperature 27
2.3 Salinity 32
2.4 Density 36
2.5 Pressure 39
2.6 Surface Currents 40
Ch. 3 Phytoplankton and Primary Production
3.1 Systematic Treatment 45
3.2 Photosynthesis and Primary Production 52
3.3 Radiation and Photosynthesis 55
3.4 The Effect of Nutrients on Growth Rate 59
3.5 Physical Controls of Primary Production 63
3.6 Global Phytoplankton Productivity 73
Ch. 4 Zooplankton
4.1 Collection Methods 80
4.2 Holoplankton: Systematics and Biology 81
4.3 Meroplankton 92
4.4 Vertical Distribution 95
4.5 Diel Vertical Migration 100
4.6 Seasonal Vertical Migrations 103
4.7 Zoogeography of the Holoplankton 106
Ch. 5 Energy Flow and Mineral Cycling
5.1 Food Chains and Energy Transfer 115
5.2 Food Webs 120
5.3 Measuring Secondary Production 127
5.4 A Comparison of Marine and Terrestrial Production 138
5.5 Mineral Cycles 140
Ch. 6 Nekton and Fisheries Oceanography
6.1 Nektonic Crustacea 151
6.2 Nektonic Cephalopods 152
6.3 Marine Reptiles 153
6.4 Marine Mammals 154
6.5 Seabirds 158
6.6 Marine Fish 160
6.7 Fisheries and Fisheries Oceanography 167
6.8 Mariculture 176
Ch. 7 Benthos
7.1 Benthic Plants 183
7.2 Benthic Animals 186
7.3 Determinants of Community Structure 199
Ch. 8 Benthic Communities
8.1 Intertidal Environments 202
8.2 Rocky Intertidal Shores 203
8.3 Kelp Forests 208
8.4 Sand Beaches 211
8.5 Estuaries 215
8.6 Coral Reefs 220
8.7 Mangrove Swamps 233
8.8 Deep-Sea Ecology 238
8.9 Hydrothermal Vents and Cold Seeps 250
Appendix 1 Geological Time Scale 259
Appendix 2 Conversions 260
Suggested Further Reading 262
Answers and Comments to Questions 263
Glossary 279
Acknowledgements 293
Index 296
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