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Biological Warfare and Disarmament takes an original look at the problem of biological warfare and the challenge of achieving biological disarmament. Approaches to the issue have been overwhelmingly dominated by a Western—and particularly U.S.—perspective that reduces the question to the spread of these weapons among non-Western countries and non-state actors. Since the September 11 terrorist attacks, this position has hardened, giving rise to a strongly polarized discourse that embraces nuclear weapons as the ultimate key to security.
In view of this increasing polarization and the reliance of the United States on military power as the basis for security, it is vital to reassess Western policies on biological warfare and to seek alternatives that support international cooperation in reaffirming the norm of biological disarmament. This volume brings together a group of distinguished authors with a broad diversity of geographical and professional backgrounds to take up this challenge.
The book emphasizes placing post-Cold War concerns about biological warfare in context: the legacy of the vast biological weapons program pursued by the Soviet Union; the Middle East as a crucible of conflict over which looms weapons of mass destruction; the dramatic expansion of U.S. biological defense activities; and the new threat of asymmetrical warfare, including bioterrorism. Highlighting the importance of understanding often-marginalized non-Western perspectives, the book proposes fresh approaches and concrete proposals to overcome one of the most intractable security problems of the twenty-first century.
Contributions by: Stephen Black, P. R. Chari, Avner Cohen, Giri Deshingka, Biswajit Dhar, Laura Drake, Richard Falk, Laura Reed, Anthony Rimmington, Amin Saikal, Seth Shulman, Victor W. Sidel, Oliver Thränert, David A. Wallace, Susan Wright, and Zou Yunhua.
Part I: The Global Context
Chapter 1: Introduction: In Search of a New Paradigm of Biological Disarmament
Chapter 2: The Challenges of Biological Weaponry: A Twenty-First-Century Assessment
Part II: The Roles of Past and Present Superpowers
Chapter 3: A Perilous Path to Security? Weighing U.S. "Biodefense" against Qualitative Proliferation
Chapter 4: Defense against Biological Weapons: Can Immunization and Secondary Prevention Succeed?
Chapter 5: The Soviet Union's Offensive Program: The Implications for Contemporary Arms Control
Part III: Middle Eastern and Asian Perspectives
Chapter 6: The Middle East: Integrated Regional Approaches to Arms Control and Disarmament
Chapter 7: Israel: Reconstructing a Black Box
Chapter 8: China: Balancing Disarmament and Development
Chapter 9: India: Straddling East and West
Part IV: Disarming Iraq
Chapter 10: The Coercive Disarmament of Iraq
Chapter 11: UNSCOM and the Iraqi Biological Weapons Program: Technical Success, Political Failure
Part V: The Biological Weapons Convention
Chapter 12: Geopolitical Origins
Chapter 13: The Compliance Protocol and the Three Depositary Powers
Chapter 14: Secrecy in the Biotechnology Industry: Implications for the Biological Weapons Convention
Chapter 15: The Global Patent Regime: Implementing Article X
Part IV: Conclusion
Chapter 16: Rethinking Biological Disarmament
Chapter 17: Proposals for the Future: Strengthening Global Commitments to Biological Disarmament