Biology And Revolution In Twentieth-Century China / Edition 320

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Overview

In this first comprehensive analysis of biological science in modern China, Laurence Schneider traces its troubled development from the 1920s, across the 1949 boundary, and into contemporary post-socialist China. Schneider uses his detailed portrayals of influential scientists and key education and research institutions to explore both internal and external forces at work in scientific development. The author examines the largely U.S. sources of its technical development and the subsequent quality of its research and educational accomplishments. At the same time, he firmly grounds these in the context of China's national, economic, and social revolutions. These upheavals have been the source of periodic obsessions to use science to regulate nature, to manage foreign influence on science, and to control scientists. The author argues that populist 'mass science' was Mao's solution to problems of control, especially in the 1950s, when Soviet Lysenkoism was granted the power in China to monopolize biology and ban genetics. This book provides the only detailed study of Lysenkoism in China, linking its ascendance to the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. It concludes with an analysis of the phoenix-like rise of genetics in recent decades and the assignment of biotechnology to a leading role in plans for economic development. Based on a broad range of archival materials and interviews with major actors in the story, this book will be a rich resource for all those interested in contemporary China.

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Editorial Reviews

The China Journal
Biology and Revolution is both an erudite labor of love and an absorbing examination of the struggle for control of scientific endeavor, and deserves a wide readership.
American Historical Review
Excellent.
CHOICE
This book contains a rare but detailed analysis of how institutional, social, and political factors influenced not only Chinese professional lives, but also their institutions, universities, and laboratories. A concluding chapter offers a thoughtful, critical survey of events. Carefully researched writing; chapter bibliographical notes; glossary of Chinese names; list of 24 scientists interviewed by Schneider; bibliography in English and Chinese. Highly recommended.
Journal Of The History Of Biology
The intellectual content of this book is intriguing.
Journal of Asian Studies
In this comprehensive history of biological science in modern China, Laurence Schneider undertakes to explain the origins, developments, deviations, and triumphs—including China's role in sequencing the human genome—of Chinese genetics and evolutionary theory across the twentieth century. Tracing this history from the 1920s through the 1990s, Professor Schneider's volume adds to the small but growing number of monographs that cross the 1949 divide as well as to the handful of studies about twentieth-century Chinese science.
East Asian Science
Biology and Revolution is a remarkable achievement that serves as both an excellent introduction to the history of science in twentieth-century China and an in-depth historical study of Chinese genetics and society. It's clearly written and well-organized.
Isis
A most welcome contribution by a pioneer scholar....The first English-language history of a natural scientific discipline across the twentieth century in China, [this book] will be a standard text in the field for many years to come....Schneider convincingly and elegantly brings the material together under the overarching theme of control....As a pioneering effort in a growing field in the history of science, this book will help inspire much future research........[A] tremendous contribution to our understanding of science in twentieth-century China.
The China Quarterly
The four central chapters on Lysenkoism...provid[e] invaluable information and detailed analyses of the role of biology in a period of revolutionary upheaval.
Journal Of Asian Studies
In this comprehensive history of biological science in modern China, Laurence Schneider undertakes to explain the origins, developments, deviations, and triumphs—including China's role in sequencing the human genome—of Chinese genetics and evolutionary theory across the twentieth century. Tracing this history from the 1920s through the 1990s, Professor Schneider's volume adds to the small but growing number of monographs that cross the 1949 divide as well as to the handful of studies about twentieth-century Chinese science.
China Quarterly
The four central chapters on Lysenkoism...provid[e] invaluable information and detailed analyses of the role of biology in a period of revolutionary upheaval.
Isis
A most welcome contribution by a pioneer scholar....The first English-language history of a natural scientific discipline across the twentieth century in China, [this book] will be a standard text in the field for many years to come....Schneider convincingly and elegantly brings the material together under the overarching theme of control....As a pioneering effort in a growing field in the history of science, this book will help inspire much future research........[A] tremendous contribution to our understanding of science in twentieth-century China.
Choice
This book contains a rare but detailed analysis of how institutional, social, and political factors influenced not only Chinese professional lives, but also their institutions, universities, and laboratories. A concluding chapter offers a thoughtful, critical survey of events. Carefully researched writing; chapter bibliographical notes; glossary of Chinese names; list of 24 scientists interviewed by Schneider; bibliography in English and Chinese. Highly recommended.
Journal of The History of Biology
The intellectual content of this book is intriguing.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780742526969
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 11/1/2003
  • Series: Asia/Pacific/Perspectives Series
  • Edition number: 320
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 0.88 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 6.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Laurence Schneider is professor emeritus of Chinese history at Washington University in St. Louis.

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Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction: Controlling Nature, Science, and Scientists Part 2 Part I: The Republican Era, 1911-1949 Chapter 3 Prologue: Independence through Dependence Chapter 4 Chapter 1: Biology at National Central, the Model University Chapter 5 Chapter 2: Genetics at Yanjing and Nanjing Universities Chapter 6 Chapter 3: War, Revolution, and Science Part 7 Part II: Mao's China, 1949-1976 Chapter 8 Chapter 4: Learning from the Soviet Union: Lysenkoism and the Suppression of Genetics Chapter 9 Chapter 5: Lysenkoism as Official Party Doctrine Chapter 10 Chapter 6: The Double Hundred Policy and the Restoration of Genetics Chapter 11 Chapter 7: One Step Forward, Two Back: Genetics from the Double Hundred through the Cultural Revolution Part 12 Part III: Deng's China, 1976-2000 Chapter 13 Chapter 8: Science Reforms and the Recovery of Genetics Chapter 14 Chapter 9: Biotechnology Becomes a Developmental Priority Chapter 15 Conclusion: Biology-with Chinese Characteristics

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