Biology as Society, Society as Biology: Metaphors / Edition 1

Biology as Society, Society as Biology: Metaphors / Edition 1

by Sabine Maasen
     
 

The disciplines of biology and the social sciences share common roots in history and yet have drifted apart so much that the demarcation line between them has become a contested boundary. The boundary between the 'natural' and the 'social' is shifting permanently. Moves in either direction are subject to ideological rhetoric. Yet there is continual exchange across the… See more details below

Overview

The disciplines of biology and the social sciences share common roots in history and yet have drifted apart so much that the demarcation line between them has become a contested boundary. The boundary between the 'natural' and the 'social' is shifting permanently. Moves in either direction are subject to ideological rhetoric. Yet there is continual exchange across the lines: Metaphors are moving freely between biology and the social sciences. As messengers of meaning they become agents of change, for ever undermining any attempt of fixing similarities and differences. This collection of papers offers a unique look at the function of metaphors in mediating between two disciplinary cultures which represent and mold our views about nature and society, and the boundary between them. This book is of interest to professionals and students from history, philosophy and sociology of science, biology, and literary science alike.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402002519
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
11/30/2001
Series:
Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook Series, #18
Edition description:
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1995
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
0.76(w) x 6.14(h) x 9.21(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Metaphors: Is There a Bridge over Troubled Waters?1
Who is Afraid of Metaphors?11
How Nature Became the Other: Anthropomorphism and Anthropocentrism in Early Modern Natural Philosophy37
The Manifest and the Scientific57
The Nexus of Animal and Rational: Sociobiology, Language, and the Enlightenment Study of Apes81
Social Metaphors in Evolutionary Biology, 1870-1930: The Wider Dimension of Social Darwinism107
"Struggle for Existence": Selection and Retention of a Metaphor127
The Importance of the Concepts of "Organism" and "Evolution" in Emile Durkheim's Division of Social Labor and the Influence of Herbert Spencer155
Herbert Spencer: Biology, Sociology, and Cosmic Evolution193
The Superorganism Metaphor: Then and Now231
Defining the Organism in the Welfare State: The Politics of Individuality in American Culture, 1890-1950249
A Plague Upon Your House: Commercial Crisis and Epidemic Disease in Victorian England281
Evolutionary Metaphors in Explanations of American Industrial Competition311
Biological and Physical Metaphors in Economics339

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