Biology: The Living Science

Biology: The Living Science

by Kenneth R. Miller, Joseph Levine
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0134155637

ISBN-13: 9780134155630

Pub. Date: 01/01/1998

Publisher: Prentice Hall (School Division)

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780134155630
Publisher:
Prentice Hall (School Division)
Publication date:
01/01/1998
Edition description:
New Edition
Age Range:
12 - 15 Years

Table of Contents

UNIT 1 The World of Life 1(119)
The Science of Biology
2(24)
The Characteristics of Life
3(8)
Visualizing the Characteristics of Living Things
5(2)
Mini Lab Are They Alive?
Skill: Predicting
7(2)
Connections Biology and Earth Science
As Lifeless as a Grain of Sand?
9(2)
The Scientific Method and Biology
11(5)
Career Track: Biologist
11(1)
Mini Lab The Mystery Box
Skill: Hypothesizing
12(4)
The Scientific Method and Yellow Fever
16(10)
Mini Lab A Moldy Question
Skill: Designing an Experiment
17(3)
Laboratory Investigation Looking Closely at Living Things
Skill: Observing
20(6)
The Chemistry of Life
26(22)
Introduction to Chemistry
27(6)
Connections BioFrontier
Acid Rain
31(2)
The Compounds of Life
33(4)
Mini Lab The Starch Test
Skill: Observing
34(3)
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
37(3)
Career Track: Respiratory Therapist
38(2)
Mirror-Image Molecules
40(8)
Mini Lab Mirror, Mirror
Skill: Modeling
41(1)
Laboratory Investigation Three, Two, One ... Blastoff!
Skill: Concluding
42(6)
Cell Structure and Function
48(26)
Microscopes and Cells
49(4)
Career Track: Cytotechnologist
50(1)
Mini Lab Is Seeing Believing?
Skill: Observing
51(2)
Cell Boundaries
53(7)
Connections Biology and Health
Death by Osmosis
58(2)
Inside the Cell
60(6)
Mini Lab A Colorful Paramecium
Skill: Interpreting
64(2)
The Origin of the Eukaryotic Cell
66(8)
Laboratory Investigation Inside Plant and Animal Cells
Skill: Comparing
68(6)
Energy and the Cell
74(26)
Chemical Energy and Life
75(3)
Making ATP Without Oxygen
78(3)
Mini Lab Temperature and Fermentation
Skill: Predicting
80(1)
Respiration
81(5)
Visualizing Respiration
84(1)
Career Track: Biological Technician
85(1)
Photosynthesis
86(6)
Mini Lab Breaking Out of Prism
Skill: Designing an Experiment
88(1)
Visualizing Photosynthesis
89(1)
Problem Solving Variations in Light and Dark
Skill: Designing an Experiment
90(2)
ATP Synthesis
92(8)
Laboratory Investigation Tiny Bubbles
Skill: Predicting
94(6)
Cell Division and Specialization
100(20)
Cell Growth and the Cell Cycle
101(4)
Problem Solving To Be or Not to Be...
Skill: Interpreting Data
103(1)
Mini Lab How Big Is Too Big?
Skill: Analyzing
104(1)
Cell Division
105(4)
Visualizing the Cell Cycle
107(2)
Cell Specialization and Organization
109(3)
Mini Lab Red, White, and Blood
Skill: Observing
110(2)
Controlling the Cell Cycle
112(8)
Career Track: Histologic Technician
113(1)
Laboratory Investigation Mitosis
Skill: Observing
114(6)
UNIT 2 Genetics 120(96)
Introduction to Genetics
122(24)
The Science of Inheritance
123(8)
Career Track: Horticulaturist
125(5)
Mini Lab You and Your Genes
Skill: Classifying
130(1)
Meiosis
131(4)
Mini Lab Toothpick Meiosis
Skill: Modeling
132(1)
Visualizing Meiosis
133(2)
Analyzing Inheritance
135(3)
Problem Solving Cystic Fibrosis
Skill: Interpreting Diagrams
136(2)
A Closer Look at Heredity
138(8)
Laboratory Investigation Mapping a Chromosome
Skill: Interpreting Diagrams
140(6)
Human Inheritance
146(24)
The Human Genetic System
147(4)
Sex-Linked Inheritance
151(4)
Mini Lab Human Beans
Skill: Modeling
153(2)
Human Genetic Disorders
155(5)
Mini Lab Climbing a Family Tree
Skill: Interpreting
157(3)
Special Topics in Human Genetics
160(10)
Career Track: Genetic Counselor
161(1)
Connections BioFrontier
Who Owns Your Genes?
162(2)
Laboratory Investigation Only the Prints Can Tell
Skill: Observing
164(6)
DNA and Rna
170(26)
Discovering DNA
171(4)
DNA Structure and Replication
175(6)
Connections BioFrontier
DNA Fingerprinting
178(1)
Career Track: Geneticist
178(2)
Mini Lab Build Your Own DNA
Skill: Modeling
180(1)
RNA
181(6)
Visualizing Protein Synthesis
185(1)
Mini Lab Left to Right or Right to Left?
Skill: Interpreting
186(1)
Controlling Gene Expression
187(9)
Laboratory Investigation Extracting DNA
Skill: Observing
190(6)
Genetic Engineering
196(20)
Breeding New Organisms
197(4)
Mini Lab Mind Your Mutations!
Skill: Modeling
200(1)
Manipulating DNA
201(4)
Career Track: Genetic Engineering Research Assistant
201(1)
Mini Lab So Many Restrictions!
Skill: Modeling
202(3)
Engineering New Organisms
205(2)
The New Human Genetics
207(9)
Connections Biology and You
Patenting Life
208(2)
Laboratory Investigation The Effects of Radiation on Seeds
Skill: Designing an Experiment
210(6)
UNIT 3 Evolution 216(64)
Natural Selection
218(22)
A Riddle: Life's Diversity and Connections
219(7)
Darwin's Solution
226(6)
Career Track: Zoologist
228(1)
Mini Lab The Tall and Short of It
Skill: Interpreting
229(1)
Problem Solving What's So Different About Pill Bugs and Cattails?
Skill: Interpreting Graphs
230(2)
Darwin's Revolution
232(8)
Mini Lab Now You See Me, Now You Don't
Skill: Inferring
233(1)
Laboratory Investigation Simulating Natural Selection
Skill: Modeling
234(6)
The Mechanisms of Evolution
240(22)
Darwin "Meets" DNA
241(5)
Mini Lab It's All Relative to Broccoli
Skill: Relating
244(2)
Evolution as Genetic Change
246(7)
Connections BioFrontier
Altering the Human Gene Pool
249(1)
Career Track: Genetic Engineer
249(2)
Visualizing Evolution in Galapagos Finches
251(1)
Mini Lab Catch the Drift
Skill: Modeling
252(1)
How Species Change
253(9)
Laboratory Investigation Mutations in Bacteria
Skill: Hypothesizing
256(6)
The Origins of Biodiversity
262(18)
The Unity of Life
263(5)
Mini Lab Structure or Function?
Skill: Classifying
266(2)
Biodiversity
268(4)
Problem Solving Measuring Biodiversity
Skill: Interpreting Data
270(1)
Career Track: Taxonomist
271(1)
DNA: A Storehouse of History
272(8)
Mini Lab Molecular Clocks
Skill: Modeling
273(1)
Laboratory Investigation Who's Related to Whom?
Skill: Predicting
274(6)
UNIT 4 Ecology 280(104)
Energy and Nutrients
282(28)
Ecology: Studying Nature's Houses
283(4)
Connections Biology and You
The Mississippi River Floods---How Can Wetlands Help?
285(1)
Career Track: Ecologist
286(1)
Energy: Essential for Life's Processes
287(4)
Mini Lab Life in Your Neighborhood
Skill: Classifying
289(2)
Nutrients: Building Blocks of Living Tissue
291(6)
Visualizing Nutrient Cycles
The Water Cycle
293(1)
The Nitrogen Cycle
294(1)
The Carbon Cycle
295(1)
Mini Lab Fertilizers---Nutrients Unlimited?
Skill: Hypothesizing
296(1)
Food Webs: Who Eats Whom?
297(3)
The Carbon Cycle: A Closer Look
300(10)
Laboratory Investigation Food or Feeders?
Skill: Analyzing
304(6)
Populations
310(22)
Populations and How They Grow
311(4)
Mini Lab But Not a Drop to Drink
Skill: Modeling
313(2)
Why Populations Stop Growing
315(4)
Problem Solving Flowering Plants
Skill: Interpreting Diagrams
317(2)
Human Population Growth
319(3)
Career Track: Wildlife Biologist
320(2)
Population Growth and Carrying Capacity
322(10)
Mini Lab A Baby Boom?
Skill: Comparing
325(1)
Laboratory Investigation The Rise and Fall of Yeast
Skill: Measuring
326(6)
Our Living Planet
332(26)
Climate and Life
333(4)
Environments and Life
337(4)
Mini Lab Successful Succession?
Skill: Observing
339(2)
Earth's Biomes
341(5)
Visualizing Terrestrial Biomes
342(2)
Visualizing Aquatic Biomes
344(1)
Mini Lab Do Leaves Have Waxy Skin?
Skill: Predicting
345(1)
Climate: A Complex Story
346(12)
Connections Biology and Earth Science
El Nino
350(1)
Career Track: Oceanographer
350(2)
Laboratory Investigation Greenhouse in a Bottle
Skill: Designing an Experiment
352(6)
Humans in the Biosphere
358(26)
This Island Earth
359(4)
Mini Lab When a Little Can Mean a Lot
Skill: Calculating
361(2)
Agriculture
363(7)
Connections BioFrontier
Good Guys in the Badlands
365(1)
Mini Lab Holding Your Own
Skill: Designing an Experiment
366(2)
Visualizing Agriculture in the Future
368(2)
Resources at Risk
370(5)
Career Track: Botanist
373(2)
Conserving Biodiversity
375(9)
Laboratory Investigation Turn Your Garbage Around
Skill: Modeling and Classifying
378(6)
UNIT 5 Life on Earth: An Overview 384(128)
The History and Diversity of Life
386(28)
The Changing Earth
387(6)
Mini Lab When Can Half a Clock Tell Time?
Skill: Relating
390(1)
Career Track: Paleontologist
391(2)
Finding Order in Diversity
393(5)
Mini Lab A Taxing Situation
Skill: Classifying
395(3)
Bacteria---The First Organisms
398(3)
Viruses
401(3)
Connections Biology and You
Viral Evolution and the Flu
402(2)
How Did Life Begin?
404(10)
Laboratory Investigation Constructing a Geologic Time Line
Skill: Sequencing
408(6)
Protists, Fungi, and Plants
414(28)
Protists
415(5)
Fungi
420(5)
Problem Solving The Fruit Detective
Skill: Interpreting Information
422(1)
Mini Lab Fuzzy Food
Skill: Predicting
423(2)
Multicellular Plants
425(7)
Career Track: Nursery Operation Technician
431(1)
The Coevolution of Plants and Animals
432(10)
Mini Lab Traveling Seeds
Skill: Designing an Experiment
434(2)
Laboratory Investigation Vascular Plant Tissues
Skill: Predicting
436(6)
Animals: Invertebrates
442(26)
Evolution of Multicellular Animals
443(3)
A Survey of Living Invertebrates
446(6)
Mini Lab Which End Is Up?
Skill: Observing
449(3)
Form and Function in Invertebrates
452(8)
Mini Lab To Catch a Worm
Skill: Designing an Experiment
456(1)
Connections BioFrontier
Starfishes or Coral Reefs?
457(2)
Career Track: Ocean Technician
459(1)
Specialized Reproductive Cycles
460(8)
Laboratory Investigation Comparing Nervous Systems
Skill: Comparing
462(6)
Animals: Vertebrates
468(26)
Evolution of Vertebrates
469(6)
A Survey of Living Vertebrates
475(4)
Mini Lab A Fishy Story
Skill: Designing an Experiment
477(2)
Form and Function in Vertebrates
479(7)
Career Track: Animal Physiologist
480(2)
Problem Solving My, What Big Teeth You Have!
Skill: Interpreting Diagrams
482(2)
Mini Lab How to Keep Warm
Skill: Designing an Experiment
484(2)
Reproductive Adaptations to Life on Land
486(8)
Laboratory Investigation Vertebrate Circulatory Systems
Skill: Designing an Experiment
488(6)
Human History
494(18)
The Origins of Homo Sapiens
495(7)
Career Track: Anthropologist
498(1)
Visualizing Homo sapiens Origins
499(3)
Coevolution of Humans and Parasites
502(10)
Mini Lab A Breath of Fresh Air
Skill: Designing an Experiment
503(1)
Problem Solving Comparing Antibiotic Resistance
Skill: Interpreting Data
504(2)
Laboratory Investigation The Spread of Disease
Skill: Modeling
506(6)
UNIT 6 From Bacteria to Plants 512(114)
Bacteria and Viruses
514(20)
Bacteria
515(5)
Mini Lab Not Exactly Bean Soup
Skill: Observing
518(2)
Viruses
520(5)
Connections BioFrontier Eliminating Viruses
521(1)
Career Track: Virologist
521(2)
Visualizing a Viral Infection
523(2)
Bacteria in Our World
525(9)
Mini Lab "Did You Wash Your Hands?"
Skill: Hypothesizing
526(2)
Laboratory Investigation Observing the Effects of the Tobacco Mosaic Virus
528(1)
Skill: Designing an Experiment
528(6)
Protists and Fungi
534(22)
Protists
535(8)
Mini Lab Protists in the Grass
Skill: Designing an Experiment
541(2)
Fungi
543(4)
Mini Lab Sealed With Tape
Skill: Identifying
546(1)
Protist and Fungal Diseases
547(9)
Career Track: Microbiologist Technician
547(1)
Connections Biology and You Potatoes, Trout, and People
548(2)
Laboratory Investigation Observing a Paramecium
Skill: Designing an Experiment
550(6)
Multicellular Algae, Mosses, and Ferns
556(20)
Multicellular Algae
557(5)
Problem Solving Marveling at Multicellular Algae
Skill: Interpreting Graphs
559(3)
Bryophytes
562(3)
Mini Lab Male or Female?
Skill: Comparing
563(2)
Seedless Vascular Plants
565(3)
Mini Lab Spores in a Sorus
Skill: Calculating
566(2)
Algae in Our World
568(8)
Career Track: Phycologist
569(1)
Laboratory Investigation Diversity of Green Algae
Skill: Comparing
570(6)
Plants with Seeds
576(24)
Seed-Bearing Plants
577(3)
Mini Lab Peanut With a Purpose
Skill: Observing
578(2)
Gymnosperms
580(4)
Visualizing the Life Cycle of a Gymnosperm
582(1)
Mini Lab Cones and More Cones
Skill: Relating
583(1)
Angiosperms
584(6)
Mini Lab Flower Power
Skill: Designing an Experiment
585(2)
Visualizing the Life Cycle of an Angiosperm
587(3)
What's in a Fruit?
590(10)
Career Track: Agricultural Technician
591(1)
Problem Solving: Plants and Rodents: Friends or Foes?
Skill: Interpreting Graphs
592(2)
Laboratory Investigation Structure of a Pea Pod
Skill: Observing
594(6)
Plant Structure, Function, and Growth
600(26)
Plant Structure and Function
601(10)
Mini Lab Leaf Me Alone
Skill: Designing an Experiment
608(1)
Visualizing Plant Adaptations
609(2)
Plant Growth
611(5)
Mini Lab Growing My Way?
Skill: Predicting
614(2)
Plant Propagation
616(1)
Career Track: Plant Propagator
617(9)
Connections BioFrontier Genetically Engineered Food
618(1)
Mini Lab Growing Plant Parts
Skill: Comparing
619(1)
Laboratory Investigation Plant Tissues and Their Functions
Skill: Observing
620(6)
UNIT 7 Animals 626(136)
Sponges, Cnidarians, and Unsegmented Worms
628(20)
Sponges and Cnidarians
629(7)
Mini Lab Spongy Skeletons
Skill: Comparing
631(2)
Problem Solving The Hydra Test
Skill: Interpreting Graphs
633(3)
Unsegmeted Worms
636(4)
Mini Lab Tapering Tapeworms
Skill: Identifying
638(2)
Nematodes---A Help or a Hindrance?
640(8)
Career Track: Nematologist
640(2)
Laboratory Investigation Observing a Hydra and a Planarian
Skill: Designing an Experiment
642(6)
Mollusks, Annelids, and Echinoderms
648(20)
Mollusks
649(5)
Problem Solving The Invasion of the Zebra Mussels
Skill: Interpreting Graphs
652(1)
Mini Lab Seashells by the Seashore
Skill: Classifying
653(1)
Annelids
654(3)
Visualizing an Earthworm
655(1)
Career Track: Earthworm Grower
656(1)
Echinoderms
657(3)
Mini Lab Starfish Hunt
Skill: Observing
659(1)
Adaptations of Cephalopods
660(8)
Laboratory Investigation How Earthworms Respond to Stimuli
Skill: Designing an Experiment
662(6)
Arthropods
668(18)
Arthropod Form and Function
669(5)
Mini Lab Flying to the Light
Skill: Designing an Experiment
670(1)
Visualizing a Grasshopper
671(3)
A Tour of the Arthropods
674(3)
Mini Lab What's a Shrimp?
Skill: Inferring
676(1)
The Importance of Arthropods
677(9)
Problem Solving Do Pesticides Kill Soil-Dwelling Arthropods?
Skill: Interpreting Graphs
678(1)
Career Track: Entomologist
679(1)
Laboratory Investigation Feeding Fly Larvae
Skill: Designing an Experiment
680(6)
Fishes and Amphibians
686(22)
Fishes
687(8)
Visualizing a Fish
689(5)
Mini Lab Is That a Fish on Your Pizza?
Skill: Classifying
694(1)
Amphibians
695(4)
Visualizing a Frog
696(2)
Mini Lab Frogs in Cold Water
Skill: Designing an Experiment
698(1)
The World of Fishes
699(9)
Connections Biology and You
Fish Farming
700(1)
Career Track: Fish Farmer
700(2)
Laboratory Investigation Raising Tadpoles
Skill: Designing an Experiment
702(6)
Reptiles and Birds
708(20)
Reptiles
709(5)
Mini Lab Ready to Slither
Skill: Inferring
710(4)
Birds
714(5)
Visualizing a Bird
716(1)
Mini Lab Fine Feathered Friends
Skill: Observing
717(1)
Connections Biology and You
Secrets in a Bird's Brain
718(1)
Career Track Veterinary Assistant
719(1)
Evolution of Birds
720(8)
Laboratory Investigation Adaptation for Survival
Skill: Designing an Experiment
722(6)
Mammals
728(18)
Characteristics of Mammals
729(8)
Visualizing Mammals
734(2)
Mini Lab Step on It!
Skill: Classifying
736(1)
The Influence of Humans
737(9)
Career Track: Animal Breeder
737(1)
Connections Biology and You
Wildlife and Disease
738(2)
Laboratory Investigation Investigating Mammalian Skulls
Skill: Inferring
740(6)
Animal Behavior
746(16)
Behaviors and Societies
747(7)
Problem Solving A Fishy Investigation
Skill: Interpreting Diagrams
749(2)
Mini Lab Pieces of the Puzzle
Skill: Classifying
751(1)
Career Track Horse Trainer
751(3)
Insect and Primate Societies
754(8)
Laboratory Investigation Investigating the Instinctive Behaviors of Planarians
Skill: Designing an Experiment
756(6)
UNIT 8 The Human Body 762(154)
Introduction to Your Body
764(18)
Organization of the Human Body
765(3)
Mini Lab Bones, Muscles, and Skin---Oh My!
Skill: Designing an Experiment
767(1)
Communication and Control
768(6)
Career Track: Biomedical Equipment Technician
771(1)
Connections Biology and You
The Salt Connection
772(2)
Physiology in Action
774(8)
Mini Lab Dropping the Ball
Skill: Modeling
775(1)
Laboratory Investigation Daphnia and Adrenaline
Skill: Designing an Experiment
776(6)
Nervous System
782(24)
The Human Nervous System
783(4)
Organization of the Nervous System
787(5)
Connections BioFrontier
Informed Consent
790(1)
Career Track: Electroneurodiagnostic Technologist
791(1)
The Senses
792(4)
Mini Lab How Tasty Is It?
Skill: Designing an Experiment
795(1)
Nerve Impulses and Drugs
796(10)
Mini Lab Face to Face
Skill: Predicting
798(2)
Laboratory Investigation Observing the Structures of the Brain
Skill: Identifying
800(6)
Integumentary, Skeletal, and Muscular Systems
806(20)
The Integumentary System
807(2)
The Skeletal System
809(4)
Mini Lab All the Right Moves
Skill: Classifying
811(2)
The Muscular System
813(5)
Career Track: Physical Therapist
813(2)
Problem Solving A Siuation
Skill: Interpreting Data
815(2)
Mini Lab Whose Side Are You On?
Skill: Comparing
817(1)
The Biology of Exercise
818(8)
Laboratory Investigation Mapping Your Sweat Glands
Skill: Predicting
820(6)
Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
826(24)
The Circulatory System
827(8)
Visualizing the Heart
829(1)
Mini Lab Feel the Beat
Skill: Relating
830(5)
The Repiratory System
835(6)
Visualizing Human Respiration
836(2)
Mini Lab A Ballooning Effect
Skill: Measuring
838(1)
Career Track: Emergency Medical Technician
838(1)
Connections BioFrontier
The Price of an Organ Donation
839(2)
The Hazards of Smoking
841(9)
Laboratory Investigation Burning Tobacco
Skill: Measuring
844(6)
Digestive and Excretory Systems
850(26)
Nutrition
851(6)
Mini Lab Magnetism in Your Cereal?
Skill: Observing
852(1)
Career Track: Dietician
852(1)
Problem Solving It's All in the Analysis
Skill: Interpreting Data
853(4)
The Digestive System
857(5)
The Excretory System
862(5)
Mini Lab Examining a Kidney
Skill: Relating
864(1)
Visualizing Kidney Structure and Function
865(2)
A Cure for Ulcers?
867(9)
Laboratory Investigation Vitamin C In Fruit Juice
Skill: Designing an Experiment
870(6)
Reproductive System
876(24)
The Human Reproductive System
877(5)
Fertilization and Development
882(8)
Problem Solving Picturing Pregnancy
Skill: Interpreting Diagrams
886(2)
Mini Lab Early Human Development
Skill: Modeling
888(1)
Career Track: Physician Assistant
888(2)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
890(10)
Mini Lab Number Sense
Skill: Interpreting
892(2)
Laboratory Investigation Reproductive Organs and Gametes
Skill: Observing
894(6)
Immune System
900(16)
Disease
901(4)
Mini Lab Another Generation
Skill: Predicting
902(3)
The Body's Defense System
905(7)
Connections Biology and You
AIDS
910(2)
Cancer
912(4)
Mini Lab Going by the Numbers
Skill: Interpreting
914(1)
Career Track: Immunologist
915(1)
Laboratory Investigation Inhibiting Bacterial Growth
Skill: Designing an Experiment
916

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