The Biology of Human Communication / Edition 1

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Overview

This book focuses on the interplay between communication behavior and the body's physiological processes. The first half of the text addresses basic anatomy and physiology of some of the body's major systems, including the brain, the nervous system, the endocrine system, and the musculature system. In the second half, specific studies are reviewed that relate physiological processes to various communicative contexts, including love, conflict, sex, stress, emotion, parenting, and relational maintenance. Focus throughout the book is on the interaction between body and behavior: how physiology affects communication, and how communication, in turn, affects physiology.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780759339385
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 11/1/2004
  • Edition description: 1ST
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 222
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Kory Floyd is associate professor of human communication and director of the communication sciences laboratory at Arizona State University. He holds a PhD in communication from University of Arizona, an MA in speech from University of Washington, and a BA in English literature from Western Washington University. His research focuses on the communication of affection in families and other personal relationships, and on the interplay between communication behaviors and physiological processes. He has received a number of awards for his research, including the New Scholar of the Year award from the International Network on Personal Relationships.

Mark Haynes is a doctoral student in human communication at Arizona State University. He received his MS in communication from Illinois State University and his BA in communication from University of West Florida. His research focuses on the 'dark side' of emotion and communication in romantic relationships.

Alan Mikkelson is assistant professor of communication studies at Whitworth College. He has an MA in communication from Arizona State University and a BA in speech communication and religion from Whitworth College, and he is currently a PhD candidate in human communication at Arizona State University. His current research focuses on the communication of closeness in adult sibling relationships and on the use of nonverbal immediacy in preaching.

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Table of Contents


Introduction     1
What Does Biology Have to do with Communication?     3
Determinism and Immutability     5
The Naturalistic Fallacy     6
What about Learning?     8
Taking a Scientific Approach to Studying Communication     10
A Preview of this Book     17
Key Terms     18
The Brain     19
Structure and Function of the Brain     19
The Cerebrum     20
The Diencephalon     21
The Brain Stem     22
The Cerebellum     23
Measuring Brain Activity     24
The Electroencephalogram     24
Positron-Emission Tomography     25
Magnetic Resonance Imaging     26
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging     26
Applications to Human Communication     27
Temperament     27
Hemispheric Dominance     30
Key Terms     34
The Nervous System     36
Structure and Function of the Nervous System     36
Mapping the Body's Nervous System     37
Helping the Nervous System Work     38
Catecholamines     38
Neurons     39
Measuring Autonomic Nervous System Activity     40
Heart Rate     41
Blood Pressure     42
Skin Temperature     43
Galvanic Skin Response     44
Pupil Dilation     45
Applications to Human Communication     46
Applications with Heart Rate     47
Applications with Blood Pressure     48
Applications with Skin Temperature     49
Applications with Galvanic Skin Response     50
Applications with Pupillometry     51
Future Applications     52
Key Terms     53
The Endocrine System     54
Structure and Function of the Endocrine System     54
Major Glands of the Endocrine System     55
Measuring Endocrine System Activity     58
What We Measure About Hormones     58
How Hormones are Measured     60
Collecting Samples     60
Analyzing Samples     62
Applications to Human Communication     63
Cortisol     63
Testosterone     65
Oxytocin     67
Dopamine     68
Endogenous Opioids     69
Future Applications      70
Key Terms     70
Facial Musculature     72
Structure and Function of Facial Musculature     72
Measuring Facial Muscle Activity     75
Electromyography     75
Micro-Coding Approaches     76
Macro-Coding Approaches     78
Applications with Facial Emotion Displays     80
Key Terms     82
Love and Sex     83
Dabbs (1997)     84
Carmichael et al. (1987)     88
McIntyre et al. (2006)     91
Roney et al. (2003)     95
Stress     98
Kirschbaum et al. (1995)     99
Light et al. (2000)     103
Heinrichs et al. (2003)     107
Roberts et al. (2004)     111
Conflict and Relational Maintenance     115
Fehm-Wolfsdorf et al. (1999)     116
Kiecolt-Glaser et al. (2003)     120
Denton et al. (2001)     124
Kaiser and Powers (2006)     128
Emotion     131
Turner et al. (1999)     132
Richman et al. (2005     137
Martin et al. (1999)     141
Floyd and Mikkelson (2003)     144
Attraction      149
Thornhill and Gangestad (1999)     150
Pierce et al. (2004)     154
Feinberg et al. (2005)     157
Shackelford and Larsen (1999)     160
Parenting     164
Gray et al. (2002)     165
Storey et al. (2000)     168
Martorell and Bugental (2006)     173
Fleming et al. (1997)     178
About the Authors     182
References     183
Glossary of Terms     194
Author Index     208
Subject Index     215
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