Biology of the Plant Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae): Pests,Predators,Opportunists

Biology of the Plant Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae): Pests,Predators,Opportunists

by Alfred G. Wheeler
     
 

ISBN-10: 0801438276

ISBN-13: 9780801438271

Pub. Date: 06/28/2001

Publisher: Cornell University Press

Plant bugs—Miridae, the largest family of the Heteroptera, or true bugs—are globally important pests of crops such as alfalfa, apple, cocoa, cotton, sorghum, and tea. Some also are predators of crop pests and have been used successfully in biological control. Certain omnivorous plant bugs have been considered both harmful pests and beneficial natural enemies…  See more details below

Overview

Plant bugs—Miridae, the largest family of the Heteroptera, or true bugs—are globally important pests of crops such as alfalfa, apple, cocoa, cotton, sorghum, and tea. Some also are predators of crop pests and have been used successfully in biological control. Certain omnivorous plant bugs have been considered both harmful pests and beneficial natural enemies of pests on the same crop, depending on environmental conditions or the perspective of an observer.As high-yielding varieties that lack pest resistance are planted, mirids are likely to become even more important crop pests. They also threaten crops as insecticide resistance in the family increases, and as the spread of transgenic crops alters their populations. Predatory mirids are increasingly used as biocontrol agents, especially of greenhouse pests such as thrips and whiteflies. Mirids provide abundant opportunities for research on food webs, intraguild predation, and competition.Recent worldwide activity in mirid systematics and biology testifies to increasing interest in plant bugs. The first thorough review and synthesis of biological studies of mirids in more than 60 years, Biology of the Plant Bugs will serve as the basic reference for anyone studying these insects as pests, beneficial IPM predators, or as models for ecological research.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780801438271
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
Publication date:
06/28/2001
Series:
Cornell Series in Arthropod Biology
Pages:
528
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Pt. 1Background
1Introducing the Plant Bugs1
2Format and Scope and Review6
3Higher Classification and Principal Genera11
4Mirid Feeding Habits and Host Plants: Historical Sketch13
Pt. IIPerspectives
5Family Characterization and Identification17
6Overview of Ecology and Behavior35
7Morphology, Physiology, and Behavior in Relation to Feeding105
8Mirids and Plant Diseases136
Pt. IIIPhytophagy - Feeding on Plant Matter
9Leaf and Stem Feeding147
10Exploitation of Inflorescences187
11Nectar and Pollen Feeding and Pollination230
12Fruit Feeding243
13Other Plant-Associated Foods and Artificial Diets268
Pt. IVZoophagy - Feeding on Animal Matter
14Predation275
15Scavenging and Use of Other Animal-Associated Foods317
Pt. VConclusions
16Ancestral Feeding Habits of the Heteroptera and Miridae325
17Feeding Trends among Mirid Higher Taxa328
18Future Research334
App. 1Valid Names, Authors (Authorities), and Subfamilies of Mirids Mentioned in the Text339
App. 2Equivalent Common and Scientific (Latin) Names of Mirid Species Mentioned in the Text347
App. 3Common Names of Plants Mentioned in the Text with Their Latin Name, Author or Authority, and Family348
Glossary357
References373
Index to Scientific Names of Animals487
Subject Index501
About the Author507

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