Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements / Edition 1

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Overview

Unlike previous biomechanics texts that have taken a mechanical concept and identified activities in which the concept is implicated, Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements takes a contrary approach by focusing on the activities and then identifying the biomechanical concepts that best facilitate understanding of those activities. Superbly illustrated with more than 140 figures depicting the critical points of biomechanical analysis, this two-color text is an invaluable tool for those pursuing the study of advanced quantitative biomechanics. It presents a clear introduction to the principles that underlie all human motion and provides a complete study of fundamental human movements and their components.

Teachers of human movement, safety equipment designers, rehabilitation specialists, and students performing advanced research in the area of human biomechanics will appreciate the scientific and mathematical focus in the text. This focus allows readers to gain an understanding of human biomechanics that will enhance their ability to estimate or calculate loads applied to the body as a whole or induced in individual structures.

Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements begins with a discussion of the principles of biomechanics and then continues into more advanced study involving the mechanical and mathematical bases for a range of fundamental human activities and their variations, including balance, slipping, falling, landing, walking, running, object manipulation, throwing, striking, catching, climbing, swinging, jumping, and airborne maneuvers. Each activity is analyzed using a specific seven-point format that helps readers identify the bimechanical concepts that explain how the movements are made and how they can be modified to correct problems. The seven points for analysis are aim, mechanics, biomechanics, variations, enhancement, safety, and practical examples that move from the simple to the more complex. More than 140 figures illustrate the points of analysis throughout the the text, providing readers with a clear depiction of both the mechanics and mathematics involved in human movements.

The logical and sequential presentation of concepts in Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements is complemented by pedagogical elements that reinforce and expand the readers' understanding. Within each chapter, key points and highlight boxes summarize critical information, and recommended readings provide easy access to related reference material. For quick reference, students can refer to the glossary and the appendix containing a guide to key symbols representing mechanical variables and mechanical formulae. In addition, the text features more than 60 problems with answers, categorized by mechanical concept, for readers to test their understanding of biomechanical analysis.

Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements provides a complete understanding of this branch of human biomechanics using mechanical, mathematical, and biological definitions and concepts. Its focus on fundamental human activities develops advanced analytical skills and provides a unique and valuable approach that facilitates mastery of a body of information and a method of analysis applicable to further study and research in human movement.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736064026
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 1/30/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Sales rank: 1,029,249
  • Product dimensions: 8.60 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Arthur E. Chapman, PhD, is professor emeritus in the School of Kinesiology at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, where he has taught and researched since 1970. Chapman has published more than 35 articles and presented more than 45 papers for refereed conferences, seminars, and workshops throughout the world. His research interests have included validation and modification of mechanical models of human muscle by means of direct observation in vivo and the mechanical properties of squash balls, rackets, and shoes and their implications for manufacturing and strategy in the game. His current interest is in computer simulation of control and performance of sporting movements, kinematic and kinetic criteria of skills involving gross body movements, and the modeling of human bodily motion using external inputs of force and internal inputs of muscle force.

At Simon Fraser University, Chapman has served as a member of the University Ethics Committee as chair of the Departmental Safety Committee and chair of the Human Movement Stream for the Undergraduate Curriculum Committee. Chapman is a past member of the Canadian Association of Sports Sciences and a founding member of both the Canadian Society of Biomechanics and the International Society of Biomechanics.

Between 1997 and 2000 Chapman served as an interviewer for the University of British Columbia Medical Admissions Board. As a biomechanist, he has served as an expert witness in numerous court cases throughout Canada providing human biomechanical analysis of automobile accidents, sports injuries, trips, and falls.

Chapman received his PhD in biomechanics in 1975 from the University of London, England. A 1965 Fulbright scholar, Chapman was also selected as the Rosenstadt Research Professor for the University of Toronto in 1992.

Chapman has been involved in rugby and track and field at a representative level and at an A level in squash. Currently he is a daily average golfer who declares to be improving.

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Table of Contents

Part I.

Chapter 1. Biomechanical Structures of the Body
The Frame
Articulations
Ligaments
Joint Lubrications
Muscles and Tendons
Summary

Chapter 2. Essential Mechanics and Mathematics
Kinematics
Kinetics
Summary

Chapter 3. Foundations of Movement
Gravity
Friction
A Simplified Representation of Muscular Action
Biomechanical Properties of Muscle
Use of Muscular Force
Muscular Work
Rotational Effect of Force
Forces Acting on a Body Segment
Role of Biarticular Muscles
Summary

Part II.

Chapter 4. Balance
Aim of Standing
Mechanics of Standing
Biomechanics of Standing
Variations of Standing
Enhancement of Standing
Safety of Standing
Aim of Toppling Avoidance
Mechanics of Toppling
Biomechanics of Toppling
Variations of Toppling
Enhancement of Toppling Avoidance
Toppling Safety
Summary

Chapter 5. Slipping, Falling, and Landing
Aim of Slipping Avoidance
Mechanics of Slipping
Biomechanics of Slipping
Variations of Slipping
Enhancement of Slipping Avoidance
Slipping Safety
Aim of Falling and Landing
Mechanics of Falling and Landing
Biomechanics of Falling and Landing
Variations of Falling and Landing
Enhancement and Safety of Falling and Landing
Summary
Chapter 6. Walking and Running
Aim of Walking
Mechanics of Walking
Biomechanics of Walking
Variations of Walking
Enhancement and Safety of Walking
Aim of Running
Mechanics of Running
Biomechanics of Running
Variations of Running
Enhancement of Running
Running Safety
Summary

Chapter 7. Jumping
Aim of Jumping
Mechanics of Jumping
Biomechanics of Jumping
Variations of Jumping
Enhancement of Jumping
Jumping Safety
Summary
Chapter 8. Object Manipulation
Aim of Gripping
Mechanics of Gripping
Biomechanics of Gripping
Variations of Gripping
Enhancement and Safety of Gripping
Aim of Pulling and Pushing
Mechanics of Pulling and Pushing
Biomechanics of Pulling and Pushing
Variations of Pulling and Pushing
Enhancement and Safety of Pulling and Pushing
Aim of Lifting and Lowering
Mechanics of Lifting and Lowering
Biomechanics of Lifting and Lowering
Variations of Lifting and Lowering
Enhancement and Safety of Lifting and Lowering
Aim of Carrying
Mechanics of Carrying
Biomechanics of Carrying
Variations of Carrying
Enhancement and Safety of Carrying
Summary

Chapter 9. Throwing, Striking, and Catching
Aim of Throwing and Striking
Mechanics of Throwing and Striking
Biomechanics of Throwing and Striking
Variations of Throwing and Striking
Enhancement of Throwing and Striking
Throwing and Striking Safety
Aim of Catching
Mechanics of Catching
Biomechanics of Catching
Variations of Catching
Enhancement of Catching
Catching Safety
Summary

Chapter 10. Climbing and Swinging
Aim of Climbing
Mechanics of Climbing
Biomechanics of Climbing
Variations of Climbing
Enhancement and Safety of Climbing
Aim of Swinging
Mechanics of Swinging
Biomechanics of Swinging
Variations of Swinging
Enhancement and Safety of Swinging
Summary

Chapter 11. Airborne Maneuvers
Aim of Airborne Maneuvers
Mechanics of Airborne Maneuvers
Biomechanics of Airborne Maneuvers
Variations of Airborne Maneuvers
Enhancement of Airborne Maneuvers
Safety in Airborne Maneuvers
Summary

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