Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781461274155
  • Publisher: Springer New York
  • Publication date: 7/31/2012
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2000
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 683
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.42 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Terminology and Foundations of Movement Science 3
2 Neural and Muscular Properties: Current Views and Controversies 39
3 Intraoperative Sarcomere Length Measurements Reveal Musculoskeletal Design Principles 58
Commentary 72
4 Comparison of Effective Synaptic Currents Generated in Spinal Motoneurons by Activating Different Input Systems 74
Commentary: Nonlinear Interactions Between Multiple Synaptic Inputs 81
5 Length, Shortening Velocity, Activation, and Fatigue Are Not Independent Factors Determining Muscle Force Exerted 83
Commentary: What Is the Use of Models That Are Not Even True? 90
6 Modeling of Homogeneous Muscle: Is It Realistic to Consider Skeletal Muscle as a Lumped Sarcomere or Fiber? 92
Commentary: The Role of Distributed Properties in Muscle Mechanics 98
7 Subtle Nonlinear Neuromuscular Properties Are Consistent with Teleological Design Principles 100
Commentary: Analysis of Nonlinear Neuromuscular Properties - Teleology or Ideology? 112
Commentary: Remarks Regarding the Paradigm of Study of Locomotor Apparatus and Neuromuscular Control of Movement 114
8 Creating Neuromusculoskeletal Models 119
9 System Identification and Neuromuscular Modeling 134
10 A Reductionist Approach to Creating and Using Neuromusculoskeletal Models 148
11 Musculoskeletal Systems with Intrinsic and Proprioceptive Feedback 164
12 Neuromechanical Interaction in Cyclic Movements 177
13 Musculoskeletal Dynamics in Rhythmic Systems: A Comparative Approach to Legged Locomotion 192
Commentary: Cyclic Movements and Adaptive Tissues 203
14 Biomechanics of Hydroskeletons: Studies of Crawling in the Medicinal Leech 206
Commentary: Biomechanical Studies Clarify Pattern Generator Circuits 218
15 Simulation of the Spinal Circuits Controlling Swimming Movement in Fish 221
Commentary: Computer-Simulated Models Complement Experimental Investigations of Neuromotor Control in a Simple Vertebrate 228
16 A Simple Neural Network for the Control of a Six-Legged Walking System 231
Commentary: Are Decentralized or Central Control Systems Implied in the Locomotion? 239
Commentary: Neural Control and Biomechanics in the Locomotion of Insects and Robots 240
17 Neuromechanical Function of Reflexes During Locomotion 243
Commentary: What Is a Reflex? 251
18 Fractal Analysis of Human Walking Rhythm 253
Commentary: The Fractal Nature of the Locomotor Rhythm May Be Due to Interactions Between the Brain and the Spinal Pattern Generator 263
19 Postural Adaptation for Altered Environments, Tasks, and Intentions 267
20 Altered Astronaut Performance Following Spaceflight: Control and Modeling Insights 282
Commentary: Altered Astronaut Performance Following Spaceflight - Control and Modeling Insights 290
21 Adaptive Sensory-Motor Processes Disturb Balance Control After Spaceflight 292
Commentary: Adaptive Sensory-Motor Processes Disturb Balance Control After Spaceflight 299
22 Neuromuscular Control Strategies in Postural Coordination 300
Commentary: Neuromuscular Control Strategies in Postural Coordination 309
Neural and Mechanical Contributions to Upper Limb Movement 315
23 Maps, Modules, and Internal Models in Human Motor Control 317
24 How Much Coordination Can Be Obtained Without Representing Time? 325
25 Augmenting Postural Primitives in Spinal Cord: Dynamic Force-Field Structures Used in Trajectory Generation 334
26 Learning and Memory Formation of Arm Movements 347
27 What Do We Plan or Control When We Perform a Voluntary Movement? 354
28 Simulation of Multijoint Arm Movements 363
29 Planning of Human Motions: How Simple Must It Be? 373
30 Biomechanics of Manipulation: Grasping the Task at Hand 382
31 A Principle of Control of Rapid Multijoint Movements 390
32 Large-Scale Musculoskeletal Systems: Sensorimotor Integration and Optimization 407
33 Progression of Musculoskeletal Models Toward Large-Scale Cybernetic Myoskeletal Models 425
Commentary: Does Progression of Musculoskeletal Models Toward Large-Scale Cybernetic Models Yield Progress Toward Understanding of Muscle and Human or Animal Movement? 437
34 Estimation of Movement from Surface EMG Signals Using a Neural Network Model 440
Commentary: What Can We Learn from Artificial Neural Networks About Human Motor Control? 454
Commentary: What's the Use of Black Box Musculoskeletal Models? 456
35 Study Movement Selection and Synergies via a Synthesized Neuro-Optimization Framework 458
Commentary: Can Neural Networks Teach Us the Way We Learn? 474
36 Clinical Applications of Musculoskeletal Models in Orthopedics and Rehabilitation 477
Commentary: Comments on Clinical Applications of Musculoskeletal Models in Orthopedics and Rehabilitation 488
37 Human Performance and Rehabilitation Technologies 493
38 Rehabilitators, Robots, and Guides: New Tools for Neurological Rehabilitation 516
Commentary: Rehabilitators, Robots, and Guides 533
39 Nonalaytical Control for Assisting Reaching in Humans with Disabilities 535
Commentary: A Case for Soft Neurofuzzy Controller Interfaces for Humans with Disabilities 548
40 Soft Computing Techniques for Evaluation and Control of Human Performance 551
Commentary: Soft Computing Techniques for Evaluation and Control of Human Performance 562
41 From Idea to Product 563
Commentary: From Idea to Product 570
42 Movement Synthesis and Regulation in Neuroprostheses 573
43 Properties of Artificially Stimulated Muscles: Simulation and Experiments 590
Commentary: One Muscle Model for All Applications? 601
44 Synthesis of Hand Grasp 605
45 Control with Natural Sensors 617
Commentary: Control with Natural Sensors? 629
46 Control of Rhythmic Movements Using FNS 632
Commentary 641
App. 1 Morphological Data for the Development of Musculoskeletal Models: An Update 645
App. 2 Move3d Software 659
App. 3 Simulation of an Antagonistic Muscle Model in Matlab 661
App. 4 SPACAR: A Finite-Element Software Package for Musculoskeletal Modeling 663
App. 5 DataMonster 665
Index 667
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