Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury - 2nd Edition / Edition 2

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Overview

Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury, Second Edition, presents clear, accessible explanations of the biomechanical principles of injury and how injuries affect the normal function of muscles, connective tissue, and joints. Noted biomechanists William Whiting and Ronald Zernicke guide readers through the mechanical concepts of musculoskeletal injuries without heavy emphasis on mathematics.

Almost 10 years after the publication of the first edition, this much-needed second edition has been vastly improved. Packed with more than 400 illustrations, including graphs and anatomical art (nearly twice as many as in the previous edition), Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury, Second Edition, is an indispensable reference offering perspectives on and appreciation for the intricacies of injury mechanisms. The text provides a solid foundation for in-depth study with a comprehensive examination of these issues:

-The mechanical aspects of injury and the concept of injury as a stimulus for beneficial tissue adaptations

-How injury affects the normal function of the human musculoskeletal system and an examination of arthrology, or joint mechanics

-Mechanical parameters such as force, stress and strain, stiffness, and elasticity and their application to tissue mechanics and injury

-How connective tissues respond to mechanical loading and how those tissues are studied to quantify their mechanical behavior

-Factors such as age, gender, nutrition, and exercise with emphasis on how lifestyle choices might lessen the chance or severity of injury

-How the principles of mechanical load and overload, use and overuse, level and progression of injury, and the many contributory factors involved in injury combine to form a backdrop for viewing specific musculoskeletal injuries
Drawing on the information provided in previous chapters, the final section of the text covers the essentials of injuries of the lower extremity, upper extremity, and the head, neck, and trunk. New to the second edition, special sections titled “A Closer Look” present a detailed analysis of anterior cruciate ligament injuries, rotator cuff pathologies, and concussion. In addition, topics of current concern such as falls in older populations, throwing-related rotator cuff pathologies, and youth-related injuries from carrying backpacks are also discussed.

This new edition also employs updated design features to reinforce learning, including the addition of a second color to highlight new sections and special elements. The running glossary provides immediate access to definitions, thereby increasing reading comprehension. The improved index offers a quick-search feature for glossary word definitions, and expanded references provide direction for further study. Additionally, essay questions included at the end of each chapter help readers create logical flows of information pertinent to chapter contents. For instructors, an online instructor guide offers outlines of the topics that students should address to answer the chapter review questions. Also available to instructors is an online presentation package featuring the graphics from the text to be incorporated easily into lecture presentations.

By providing an understanding of injury mechanisms in all body regions, Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury, Second Edition, serves as a comprehensive resource to assist health professionals, researchers, and students with the proper diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of musculoskeletal injuries.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Gianluca Del Rossi, PhD, ATC (University of South Florida College of Medicine)
Description: This book provides the foundation for understanding the biomechanical principles of musculoskeletal injury.
Purpose: The purpose is to examine basic common mechanisms of musculoskeletal injury to better understand injury mechanisms that result in specific lesions to the various tissue structures throughout the body. In addition, the book provides perspectives on injury prevention and treatment strategies that are sure to be of value to the engaged reader.
Audience: The book is written with the entry-level student in mind. In particular, it would serve as a great educational resource for students in fields of study such as kinesiology, biomechanics, biomedical sciences, exercise science, physical education, athletic therapy, athletic training, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and any other field related to health and human performance. In addition, any individual involved in the study or treatment of musculoskeletal injuries could make use of this book and, thus, this comprehensive resource would make a great addition to the reference libraries of researchers and practitioners alike.
Features: After several introductory chapters that offer a review of basic terminology, a historical overview of musculoskeletal injury, and a presentation of the classification, structure, and function of various biological tissues, readers are introduced to relevant biomechanical principles that are key to understanding tissue responses to injurious forces and/or mechanisms. The authors progress from general concepts to specific causal mechanisms that result in injury to the various segments of the extremities, as well as the head, neck, and trunk. Other supplemental features that might be of interest to readers include the incidence rate and risk factors of injuries, as well as injury prevention measures and treatment options for some musculoskeletal lesions. Didactically, the written text is nicely enhanced with many graphic, diagrammatic, and photographic depictions, which will surely be appreciated by students.
Assessment: Unlike other biomechanics and kinesiology books, this one offers a comprehensive overview of the biomechanical basis of musculoskeletal injury that is crucial to the understanding of how and why injuries occur. Such an invaluable resource is a must for anyone interested in human movement and the causal mechanisms of injury.
Mark D. Grabiner
By introducing the student to the mechanical factors underlying musculoskeletal injury, this book provides a framework by which injury prevention may be studied. The stated purposes are to ""explore the mechanical bases of musculoskeletal injury... to better understand the mechanisms involved in causing the injury, the effect of injury on musculoskeletal tissues, and ... how injury might be prevented."" These are worthy objectives that the authors have achieved. While the book is directed toward undergraduate students in kinesiology, physical therapy, and athletic training, in my opinion, it may have broader appeal. The authors' authoritative knowledge in this area derives from their combined teaching and research experiences over the past two decades. The eight chapters are firmly anchored to musculoskeletal injuries. The reader is first introduced to the musculoskeletal tissues, biomechanical concepts necessary to describe injury mechanisms, strength of materials, and biomechanical modeling. This information is then used to describe the acute responses and chronic adaptations of lower and upper extremity, head, neck, and trunk tissues to loading, and a broad range of injuries are discussed. The recommended reading list and a reference list found at the end of each chapter may serve as points of departure for the pursuit of more detailed information on the topics. The text is well-populated with clear illustrations. This is a fresh and welcome addition to the currently available basic biomechanics textbooks. Its unswerving focus on musculoskeletal injury is unique in comparison to a genre of biomechanics textbooks generally leaning toward broader human movement applications.This text should find a spot in personal libraries of those interested in a basic introduction to the topic, those developing and/or teaching a course on musculoskeletal injury, or those teaching a broader course looking for a specialized secondary text.
Booknews
Explores the mechanical bases of musculoskeletal injury to understand better the causal mechanisms, the effect of injury on tissues, and how the current knowledge of biomechanics can help prevent injury. Reviews such basics as the concepts of force, stress, stiffness, and elasticity and the mechanics of joints that are subject to disable injury. Then offers details of such injuries as inversion ankle sprains, stress fractures, rotator cuff tears, carpal tunnel syndrome, concussion, and intervertebral disc injuries. Highly illustrated, mostly with line drawings. The volume is 11.5<"> high. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736054423
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 3/17/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 360
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

William C. Whiting, PhD, is a professor and director of the biomechanics laboratory in the department of kinesiology at California State University at Northridge (CSUN) and an adjunct professor in the department of physiological science at UCLA. He has taught undergraduate and graduate courses in biomechanics and human anatomy for more than 25 years. As an author and researcher, Whiting has written more than 60 research articles, abstracts, and book chapters, along with two other books, Dynatomy: Dynamic Human Anatomy and the first edition of this book, both published by Human Kinetics, Inc.

Whiting has served on many editorial boards, including Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Strength and Conditioning Journal, ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal, and American Council on Exercise, FitnessMatters. He also serves as a reviewer for numerous journals, including Journal of Applied Biomechanics, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Strength and Conditioning Journal, Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Kinesiology, and ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal.

In 2002 Whiting received CSUN's Distinguished Teaching Award. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and a member of the American Society of Biomechanics, the International Society of Biomechanics, the National Strength and Conditioning Association, and the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. He is also a former president of the Southwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine.

Whiting lives in Glendale, California, with his wife, Marji, and children Trevor, Emmi, and Tad. He enjoys playing basketball, hiking, and reading.

Ronald F. Zernicke, PhD, is a professor at the University of Michigan in the division of kinesiology and the departments of orthopaedic surgery and biomedical engineering. He is also the director of the Musculoskeletal and Sport Injury Prevention Center.

Before moving to Ann Arbor in 2007, Zernicke was professor and chair of the department of kinesiology at UCLA and was professor for joint injury research at the University of Calgary faculties of kinesiology (dean, 1998-2005), medicine, and engineering. At the University of Calgary, Zernicke was the executive director of the Alberta Bone and Joint Health Institute and served as director of the Alberta Provincial CIHR training program in bone and joint health, a combined graduate program of the University of Calgary and University of Alberta.

Zernicke has taught courses in biomechanics and injury mechanisms at the university level for more than 30 years. He received the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award as well as the City of Calgary Community Achievement Award in Education. He has authored more than 545 peer-reviewed research publications and two books, including the first edition of this book, which received the Preeminent Scholarly Publication Award from CSUN in 2002.

Zernicke has served on the editorial boards of Journal of Motor Behavior, Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, Journal of Biomechanics, and Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and the Canadian Society of Biomechanics and an international fellow of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education.

Zernicke has also served as president of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB), the American Society of Biomechanics (ASB), and the Canadian Society of Biomechanics (CSB). He continues to be an active member of the ISB, ASB, CSB, and the Canadian Orthopedic Research Society, Orthopedic Research Society (USA), American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, and Biomedical Engineering Society (USA).

Zernicke is the recipient of numerous achievement awards, most notably the NASA Cosmos Achievement Award awarded by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration, CIHR Partnership Award, Founders Award (Best Research) given by the Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, and Alumnus of the Year from Concordia University Chicago.

In his leisure time, Zernicke enjoys reading, cross-country skiing, and hiking. He lives in Ann Arbor with his wife, Kathy.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Overview and Perspectives on Injury
Definition of Injury
Perspectives on Injury
Chapter Review

Chapter 2. Classification, Structure, and Function of Biological Tissues
Embryology
Tissue Types
Arthrology
Chapter Review

Chapter 3. Biomechanics
Kinematics
Kinetics
Fluid Mechanics
Joint Mechanics
Material Mechanics
Biomechanical Modeling and Simulation
Chapter Review

Chapter 4. Tissue Biomechanics and Adaptation
Biomechanics of Bone
Adaptation of Bone
Biomechanics and Adaptation of Other Connective Tissues
Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscle
Adaptation of Skeletal Muscle
Chapter Review

Chapter 5. Concepts of Injury and Healing
An Overview of Injury Mechanisms
Principles of Injury
Inflammation and Entrapment Conditions
Injury in Bone
Injury in Other Connective Tissues
Injury in Joints
Chapter Review

Chapter 6. Lower-Extremity Injuries
Hip Injuries
Thigh Injuries
Knee Injuries
Lower-Leg Injuries
Ankle and Foot Injuries
Chapter Review

Chapter 7. Upper-Extremity Injuries
Shoulder Injuries
Upper-Arm Injuries
Elbow Injuries
Forearm Injuries
Wrist and Hand Injuries
Chapter Review

Chapter 8. Head, Neck, and Trunk Injuries
Head Injuries
Neck Injuries
Trunk Injuries
Concluding Thoughts
Chapter review

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