Biomedical Ethics / Edition 1by Walter Glannon
Pub. Date: 07/22/2004
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Today, advances in medicine and biotechnology occur at a rapid pace and have a profound impact on our lives. Mechanical devices can sustain an injured person's life indefinitely. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the body and brain can reveal disorders before symptoms appear. Genetic testing of embryos can predict whether people
Today, advances in medicine and biotechnology occur at a rapid pace and have a profound impact on our lives. Mechanical devices can sustain an injured person's life indefinitely. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the body and brain can reveal disorders before symptoms appear. Genetic testing of embryos can predict whether people will have diseases earlier or later in life. It may even become possible to clone human beings. These and other developments raise difficult ethical questions.
Biomedical Ethics is an engaging philosophical introduction to the most important ethical positions and arguments in six areas of biomedicine: the patient-doctor relationship, medical research on humans, reproductive rights and technologies, genetics, medical decisions at the end of life, and the allocation of scarce medical resources. Concisely capturing the historical, contemporary, and future-oriented aspects of the field, author Walter Glannon discusses both perennial issues in medicine, such as doctors' duties to patients, and recent and emerging issues in scientific innovation, including gene therapy and cloning. Ideal for undergraduate courses in contemporary moral problems, introduction to ethics, and introduction to bioethics, Biomedical Ethics is accessible to students who have little or no background in ethical theory, medicine, or biotechnology.
Table of Contents
Each chapter opens with an Introduction and ends with a Conclusion and Selected Readings.
1. History and Theories
The Need for Theories
Consequentialism and Deontology
Virtue Ethics and Feminist Ethics
Communitarianism and Liberalism
The Rejection of Theories: Casuistry and Cultural Relativism
2. The Patient-Doctor Relationship
What Sort of Doctors Do We Need?
3. Medical Research on Humans
Design of Clinical Trials
Equipoise, Randomization, and Placebos
Problems with Consent
Protections and Justice
4. Reproductive Rights and Technologies
The Moral Status of Embryos
Genetic Testing and Screening
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
6. Medical Decisions at the End of Life
Withdrawing and Withholding Treatment
Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
7. Allocating Scarce Medical Resources
Two-Tiered Health Care
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