Biophysics Of The Skeletal Muscle Extracellular Potentials / Edition 1

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The biophysics of excitable membranes and extracellular potential fields emerged at the end of the 18th century, together with electrophysiology, and has been used ever since as a basis for the development of electrophysiological investigations. This holds true even for the contemporary stage of initial discoveries concerning the molecular mechanisms of membrane excitability. The biophysics of ionic channels has gradually revealed the genesis of the ionic currents and of the biopotentials in different excitable structures. On the basis of electrodynamics, the extracellular potential fields in the living body, considered as a volume conductor, have been studied intensively. The knowledge accumulated constitutes the theoretical basis for interpretation of the electrophysiological data.
Over a period of more than 15 years a group of Bulgarian investigators led by A. Gydikov has systematically studied the dependence between the intra- and extracellular potentials of the skeletal muscles. The present book summarizes these investigations. Using a great amount of factual material from experiments and model investigations on the skeletal muscle potentials, the author considers: (a) the extracellular potential field of single skeletal muscle fibres and their dependence of the parameters of intracellular action potentials, the geometric parameters of the fibres and of the volume conductor; (b) the potentials of single motor units; (c) the compound and reflex muscle potentials, and (d) the interference electromyogram.
The comprehensive consideration of the biophysics of skeletal muscle potentials is of interest to a broad circle of specialists. The book summarizes contemporary knowledge in this field and presents a consistent theoretical basis of electromyography which is of great importance not only for the neurological clinic, but also for different fields of applied physiology.

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Editorial Reviews

Summarizes 15 years of research by Bulgarian scientists on the dependence between the intracellular and extracellular electrical potentials of the skeletal muscles. Considers the extracellular potential of single skeletal muscle fibers, and their dependence on the parameters of intracellular action potentials; the geometric parameters of fibers and of the volume conductor; the potentials of single motor units; the compound and reflex muscle potentials; and the interference electromyogram. Also published in Bulgarian by the Publishing House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia. No index. Acidic paper, Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792314684
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 9/27/2007
  • Edition description: 1992
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.69 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface 9
Ch. 1 Skeletal Muscle Fibre Action Potentials 11
Ch. 2 Relations Between Extracellular and Intracellular Potentials 25
Ch. 3 Dependence of the Intracellular Action Potentials of Skeletal Muscle Fibres on Various Factors 32
Ch. 4 Extracellular Action Potentials of Skeletal Muscle Fibres 61
Ch. 5 Dependence of the Extracellular Action Potentials of Skeletal Muscle Fibres on Various Factors 100
Ch. 6 Extraterritorial Potentials of Motor Units 126
Ch. 7 Dependence of the Motor Unit Extraterritorial Potentials on Various Factors 163
Ch. 8 Motor Unit Intraterritorial Potentials 188
Ch. 9 Compound Muscle Potentials Upon Stimulation of the Motor Nerves and Upon Monosynaptic Reflexes 201
Ch. 10 Averaged Potentials of the Interference Electromyogram and Their Dependence on Various Factors 230
Conclusion 252
References 255
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