Bioprocess Engineering: Basic Concepts / Edition 2

Bioprocess Engineering: Basic Concepts / Edition 2

by Michael L. Shuler, Fikret Kargi
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0130819085

ISBN-13: 9780130819086

Pub. Date: 10/31/2001

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Bioprocess Engineering, Second Edition thoroughly updates the leading introductory textbook on biochemical and bioprocess engineering to reflect advances that are transforming the field -- from genomics to cellular engineering, modeling to nonconventional biological systems. It introduces techniques with wide applicability in pharmaceuticals, biologics,

Overview

Bioprocess Engineering, Second Edition thoroughly updates the leading introductory textbook on biochemical and bioprocess engineering to reflect advances that are transforming the field -- from genomics to cellular engineering, modeling to nonconventional biological systems. It introduces techniques with wide applicability in pharmaceuticals, biologics, medicine, environmental engineering, and beyond.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780130819086
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
10/31/2001
Series:
Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemical Engineering Sciences Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
576
Sales rank:
702,297
Product dimensions:
7.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition.

Preface to the First Edition.

I. INTRODUCTION.

1. What is a Bioprocess Engineer?

Introductory Remarks. Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering. Biologists and Engineers Differ in Their Approach to Research. The Story of Penicillin: How Biologists and Engineers Work Together. Bioprocesses: Regulatory Constraints. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

II. THE BASICS OF BIOLOGY: AN ENGINEER'S PERSPECTIVE.

2. An Overview of Biological Basics.

Are All Cells the Same? Cell Construction. Cell Nutrients. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

3. Enzymes.

Introduction. How Enzymes Work. Enzyme Kinetics. Immobilized Enzyme Systems. Large-scale Production of Enzymes. Medical and Industrial Utilization of Enzymes. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

4. How Cells Work.

Introduction. The Central Dogma. DNA Replication: Preserving and Propagating the Cellular Message. Transcription: Sending the Message. Translation: Message to Product. Metabolic Regulation. How the Cell Senses Its Extracellular Environment. Summary. Appendix: Examples of Regulation of Complex Pathways. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

5. Major Metabolic Pathways.

Introduction. Bioenergetics. Glucose Metabolism: Glycolysis and the TCA Cycle. Respiration. Control Sites in Aerobic Glucose Metabolism. Metabolism of Nitrogenous Compounds. Nitrogen Fixation. Metabolism of Hydrocarbons. Overview of Biosynthesis. Overview of Anaerobic Metabolism. Overview of Autotrophic Metabolism. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

6. How Cells Grow.

Introduction. Batch Growth. Quantifying Growth Kinetics. How Cells Grow in Continuous Culture. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

7. Stoichiometry of Microbial Growth and Product Formation.

Introduction. Some Other Definitions. Stoichiometric Calculations. Theoretical Predictions of Yield Coefficients. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

8. How Cellular Information is Altered.

Introduction. Evolving Desirable Biochemical Activities through Mutation and Selection. Natural Mechanisms for Gene Transfer and Rearrangement. Genetically Engineering Cells. Genomics. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

III. ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES FOR BIOPROCESSES.

9. Operating Considerations for Bioreactors for Suspension and Immobilized Cultures.

Introduction. Choosing the Cultivation Method. Modifying Batch and Continuous Reactors. Immobolized Cell Systems. Solid-state Fermentations. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

10. Selection, Scale-Up, Operation, and Control of Bioreactors.

Introduction. Scale-up and Its Difficulties. Bioreactor Instrumentation and Control. Sterilization of Process Fluids. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

11. Recovery and Purification of Products.

Strategies to Recover and Purify Products. Separation of Insoluble Products. Cell Disruption. Separation of Soluble Products. Finishing Steps for Purification. Integration of Reaction and Separation. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

IV. APPLICATIONS TO NONCONVENTIONAL BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS.

12. Bioprocess Considerations in Using Animal Cell Cultures.

Structure and Biochemistry of Animal Cells. Methods Used for the Cultivation of Animal Cells. Bioreactor Considerations for Animal Cell Culture. Products of Animal Cell Cultures. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

13. Bioprocess Considerations in Using Plant Cell Cultures.

Why Plant Cell Cultures? Plant Cells in Culture Compared to Microbes. Bioreactor Considerations. Economics of Plant Cell Tissue Cultures. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

14. Utilizing Genetically Engineered Organisms.

Introduction. How the Product Influences Process Decisions. Guidelines for Choosing Host-Vector Systems. Process Constraints: Genetic Instability. Considerations in Plasmid Design to Avoid Process Problems. Predicting HostÐVector Interactions and Genetic Instability. Regulatory Constraints on Genetic Processes. Metabolic Engineering. Protein Engineering. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

15. Medical Applications of Bioprocess Engineering.

Introduction. Tissue Engineering. Gene Therapy Using Viral Vectors. Bioreactors. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

16. Mixed Cultures.

Introduction. Major Classes of Interactions in Mixed Cultures. Simple Models Describing Mixed-culture Interactions. Mixed Cultures in Nature. Industrial Utilization of Mixed Cultures. Biological Waste Treatment: An Example of the Industrial Utilization of Mixed Cultures. Summary. Suggestions for Further Reading. Problems.

17. Epilogue.

Appendix: Traditional Industrial Bioprocesses.

Anaerobic Bioprocesses. Aerobic Processes.

Suggestions for Further Reading.

Index.

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