Biopsychology / Edition 8

Biopsychology / Edition 8

by John P.J. Pinel
     
 

B> Written in a friendly and engaging manner, Pinel's Biopsychology clearly presents the fundamentals of the study of the biology of behavior, but it makes the topics personally and socially relevant to the reader. The fourth edition has been thoroughly updated and includes references to the major recent developments in the rapidly changingSee more details below

Overview

B> Written in a friendly and engaging manner, Pinel's Biopsychology clearly presents the fundamentals of the study of the biology of behavior, but it makes the topics personally and socially relevant to the reader. The fourth edition has been thoroughly updated and includes references to the major recent developments in the rapidly changing field of biopsychology. New topics have been introduced, but Pinel's book continues the tradition that has made it a successful book: a strong emphasis on behavior, a beautiful and accurate illustration package, and the straight-forward and integrative presentation of material. The following four features aid in the retention of the material: bold-faced key terms with marginal definitions, study exercises within chapters, Food-for-Thought discussion questions at end of chapter, and helpful appendices. The true-life case of Professor P., found in Chapter 6, introduces the reader to the topic related to brain damage. Follow the case of Professor P. as he recognizes the symptoms of brain damage and correctly predicts the placement of his own brain tumor. Because of the personal style with which Pinel writes, the reader will likely (and correctly) guess that Professor P. is the author himself, John Pinel. Includes new or expanded coverage of dozens of topics, including: cognitive neuroscience, evolution, the human genome project, human brain scanning, genetic engineering, search of a Parkinson's gene, melatonin and sleep, functional brain imaging and language, and the diathesis-stress model. For anyone interested in the biological aspects of psychology.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205832569
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
11/02/2010
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
608
Product dimensions:
8.70(w) x 10.80(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Each chapter ends with "Conclusion," "Food for Thought," "Key Terms," and "Additional Readings."

1. Biopsychology as a Neuroscience.
What Is Biopsychology?
What Is the Relation between Biopsychology and the Other Disciplines of Neuroscience?
What Types of Research Characterize the Biopsychological Approach?
What Are the Divisions of Biopsychology?
Converging Operations: How Do Biopsychologists Work Together?
Scientific Inference: How Do Biopsychologists Study the Unobservable Workings of the Brain?
What Is Bad Science, and How Do You Spot It?

2. Evolution, Genetics, and Experience: Asking the Right Questions about the Biology of Behavior.
Thinking about the Biology of Behavior: From Dichotomies to Relations and Interactions.
Human Evolution.
Fundamental Genetics.
Behavioral Development: The Interaction of Genetic Factors and Experience.
The Genetics of Human Psychological Differences.

3. The Anatomy of the Nervous System.
General Layout of the Nervous System.
Cells of the Nervous System.
Neuroanatomical Techniques and Directions.
Spinal Cord.
The Five Major Divisions of the Brain.
Major Structures of the Brain.

4. Neural Conduction and Synaptic Transmission.
The Neuron's Resting Membrane Potential.
Generation and Conduction of Postsynaptic Potentials.
Integration of Postsynaptic Potentials and Generation of Action Potentials.
Conduction of Action Potentials.
Synaptic Transmission: Chemical Transmission of Signals from One Neuron to Another.
TheNeurotransmitters.
Pharmacology of Synaptic Transmission.

5. What Biopsychologists Do: The Research Methods of Biopsychology.

Part 1: Methods of Studying the Nervous System.
Methods of Visualizing the Living Human Brain.
Recording Human Psychophysiological Activity.
Invasive Physiological Research Methods.
Pharmacological Research Methods.
Genetic Engineering.

Part 2: Behavioral Research Methods of Biopsychology.
Neuropsychological Testing.
Behavioral Methods of Cognitive Neuroscience.
Biopsychological Paradigms of Animal Behavior.

6. Human Brain Damage and Animal Models.
Causes of Brain Damage.
Neuropsychological Diseases.
Animal Models of Human Neuropsychological Diseases.

7. The Visual System: From Eye to Cortex.
Light Enters the Eye and Reaches the Retina.
The Retina and Translation of Light into Neural Signals.
From Retina to Primary Visual Cortex.
Seeing Edges.
Seeing Color.

8. Mechanisms of Perception, Conscious Awareness, and Attention.
Principles of Sensory System Organization.
Cortical Mechanisms of Vision.
Audition.
Somatosensation: Touch and Pain.
The Chemical Senses: Smell and Taste.
Selective Attention.

9. The Sensorimotor System.
Three Principles of Sensorimotor Function.
Sensorimotor Association Cortex.
Secondary Motor Cortex.
Primary Motor Cortex.
Cerebellum and Basal Ganglia.
Descending Motor Pathways.
Sensorimotor Spinal Circuits.
Central Sensorimotor Programs.

10. The Biopsychology of Eating and Drinking.

Part I. Hunger, Eating, and Body Weight Regulation.
Digestion and Energy Flow.
Theories of Hunger and Eating: Set Points versus Positive Incentives.
Factors That Determine What, When, and How Much We Eat.
Physiological Research on Hunger and Satiety.
Body Weight Regulation: Set Points versus Settling Points.

Part II: Thirst, Drinking, and Body Fluid Regulation.
Regulation of the Body's Fluid Resources.
Deprivation-Induced Drinking: Cellular Dehydration and Hypovolemia.
Spontaneous Drinking: Drinking in the Absence of Water Deficits.
Drinking and Satiety.

Part III: Disorders of Consumption.
Human Obesity.
Anorexia Nervosa.

11. Hormones and Sex.
The Neuroendocrine System.
Hormones and Sexual Development.
Effects of Gonadal Hormones on Adults.
The Hypothalamus and Sexual Behavior.
Sexual Orientation, Hormones, and the Brain.

12. Sleep, Dreaming, and Circadian Rhythms.
The Physiological and Behavioral Correlates of Sleep.
REM Sleep and Dreaming.
Why Do We Sleep?
Circadian Sleep Cycles.
Effects of Sleep Deprivation.
Recuperation and Circadian Theories of Sleep Combined.
Neural Mechanisms of Sleep.
The Circadian Clock: Neural and Molecular Mechanisms.
Drugs That Affect Sleep.
Sleep Disorders.
The Effects of Long-Term Sleep Reduction.

13. Drug Addiction and Reward Circuits in the Brain.
Basic Principles of Drug Action.
Role of Learning in Drug Tolerance and Withdrawal Effects.
Five Commonly Abused Drugs.
Biopsychological Theories of Addiction.
Reward Circuits in the Brain.
Neural Mechanisms of Addiction.

14. Memory and Amnesia.
Amnesic Effects of Bilateral Medial Temporal Lobectomy.
Amnesia of Korsakoff's Syndrome.
Memory Deficits Associated with Prefrontal Cortex Damage.
Amnesia of Alzheimer's Disease.
Amnesia after Concussion.
Neuroanatomy of Object-Recognition Memory.
Hippocampus and Memory for Spatial Location.
Memory Structures of the Brain:
A Summary.

15. Neuroplasticity: Development, Learning, and Recovery from Brain Damage.
Phases of Neural Development.
Effects of Experience on Neural Development.
Neural Bases of Learning and Memory in Simple Systems.
Neural Degeneration, Regeneration, and Reorganization.
Therapeutic Implications of Neuroplasticity.

16. Lateralization, Language, and the Split Brain.
Lateralization of Function: Methods and Basic Findings.
The Split Brain.
Differences between the Left and Right Hemispheres.
Cortical Localization of Language:
The Wernicke-Geschwind Model.
Cortical Localization of Language: Evaluation of the Wernicke-Geschwind Model.
Cortical Localization of Language: Functional Brain-Imaging Research.

17. Biopsychology of Stress and Illness.
Biopsychology of Emotion.
Fear, Defense, and Aggression.
Stress and Psychosomatic Disorders.
Schizophrenia.
Affective Disorders: Depression and Mania.
Anxiety Disorders.

Epilogue.

Appendices.

References.

Indexes.

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