Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Sciences / Edition 9

Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Sciences / Edition 9

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by Wayne W. Daniel
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0470105828

ISBN-13: 9780470105825

Pub. Date: 12/31/2008

Publisher: Wiley

Develop the statistical tools needed in the allied health fields  

Anyone entering the allied health field needs to have a working understanding of how data can be turned into useful information. Now in its ninth edition, Wayne W. Daniel’s Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Sciences provides a comprehensive

Overview

Develop the statistical tools needed in the allied health fields  

Anyone entering the allied health field needs to have a working understanding of how data can be turned into useful information. Now in its ninth edition, Wayne W. Daniel’s Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Sciences provides a comprehensive introduction to biostatistics as it is used in the biological sciences.

Designed for the undergraduate and graduate student across a range of fields, from the health disciplines to forestry and animal husbandry, the text takes an applied and computer-oriented approach to its topical coverage. Its chapters take you from the basic concepts of probability through hypothesis testing, linear regression and correlation, the analysis of variance, chi-square distribution, nonparametric and distribution-free statistics, and more.

This new edition adds much new and expanded material, including such features as:

  • Integration of new applications from several biological science fields throughout the pages
  • Highlighting of main ideas with bulleted objectives at the start of each chapter
  • Summary boxes of formulae and statistical rules for easy reference and review
  • Support for multiple programs such as SPSS, SAS, and STATA, in addition to Minitab
  • Screen captures and technology boxes with step-by-step help
  • Real-world practice through examples and exercises using data from actual research projects and reports

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470105825
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
12/31/2008
Series:
Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics Series , #658
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
960
Product dimensions:
7.80(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.80(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction to Biostatistics 1

1.1 Introduction 2

1.2 Some Basic Concepts 2

1.3 Measurement and Measurement Scales 5

1.4 Sampling and Statistical Inference 7

1.5 The Scientific Method and the Design of Experiments 13

1.6 Computers and Biostatistical Analysis 15

1.7 Summary 16

Review Questions and Exercises 17

References 18

2 Descriptive Statistics 19

2.1 Introduction 20

2.2 The Ordered Array 20

2.3 Grouped Data: The Frequency Distribution 22

2.4 Descriptive Statistics: Measures of Central Tendency 38

2.5 Descriptive Statistics: Measures of Dispersion 43

2.6 Summary 54

Review Questions and Exercises 56

References 63

3 Some Basic Probability Concepts 65

3.1 Introduction 66

3.2 Two Views of Probability: Objective and Subjective 66

3.3 Elementary Properties of Probability 68

3.4 Calculating the Probability of an Event 69

3.5 Bayes' Theorem, Screening Tests, Sensitivity, Specificity, and Predictive Value Positive and Negative 79

3.6 Summary 84

Review Questions and Exercises 86

References 91

4 Probability Distributions 93

4.1 Introduction 94

4.2 Probability Distributions of Discrete Variables 94

4.3 The Binomial Distribution 100

4.4 The Poisson Distribution 109

4.5 Continuous Probability Distributions 114

4.6 The Normal Distribution 117

4.7 Normal Distribution Applications 123

4.8 Summary 129

Review Questions and Exercises 131

References 134

5 Some Important Sampling Distributions 135

5.1 Introduction 136

5.2 Sampling Distributions 136

5.3 Distribution of the Sample Mean 137

5.4 Distribution of the Difference Between Two Sample Means 146

5.5 Distribution of the Sample Proportion 151

5.6Distribution of the Difference Between Two Sample Proportions 155

5.7 Summary 158

Review Questions and Exercises 159

References 161

6 Estimation 162

6.1 Introduction 163

6.2 Confidence Interval for a Population Mean 166

6.3 The t Distribution 172

6.4 Confidence Interval for the Difference Between Two Population Means 178

6.5 Confidence Interval for a Population Proportion 185

6.6 Confidence Interval for the Difference Between Two Population Proportions 187

6.7 Determination of Sample Size for Estimating Means 189

6.8 Determination of Sample Size for Estimating Proportions 192

6.9 Confidence Interval for the Variance of a Normally Distributed Population 194

6.10 Confidence Interval for the Ratio of the Variances of Two Normally Distributed Populations 199

6.11 Summary 203

Review Questions and Exercises 206

References 212

7 Hypothesis Testing 215

7.1 Introduction 216

7.2 Hypothesis Testing: A Single Population Mean 223

7.3 Hypothesis Testing: The Difference Between Two Population Means 237

7.4 Paired Comparisons 250

7.5 Hypothesis Testing: A Single Population Proportion 258

7.6 Hypothesis Testing: The Difference Between Two Population Proportions 262

7.7 Hypothesis Testing: A Single Population Variance 265

7.8 Hypothesis Testing: The Ratio of Two Population Variances 268

7.9 The Type II Error and the Power of a Test 273

7.10 Determining Sample Size to Control Type II Errors 278

7.11 Summary 281

Review Questions and Exercises 283

References 301

8 Analysis of Variance 305

8.1 Introduction 306

8.2 The Completely Randomized Design 308

8.3 The Randomized Complete Block Design 334

8.4 The Repeated Measures Design 346

8.5 The Factorial Experiment 353

8.6 Summary 368

Review Questions and Exercises 371

References 404

9 Simple Linear Regression and Correlation 409

9.1 Introduction 410

9.2 The Regression Model 410

9.3 The Sample Regression Equation 413

9.4 Evaluating the Regression Equation 423

9.5 Using the Regression Equation 437

9.6 The Correlation Model 441

9.7 The Correlation Coefficient 442

9.8 Some Precautions 455

9.9 Summary 456

Review Questions and Exercises 460

References 482

10 Multiple Regression and Correlation 485

10.1 Introduction 486

10.2 The Multiple Linear Regression Model 486

10.3 Obtaining the Multiple Regression Equation 488

10.4 Evaluating the Multiple Regression Equation 497

10.5 Using the Multiple Regression Equation 503

10.6 The Multiple Correlation Model 506

10.7 Summary 519

Review Questions and Exercises 521

References 533

11 Regression Analysis: Some Additional Techniques 535

11.1 Introduction 536

11.2 Qualitative Independent Variables 539

11.3 Variable Selection Procedures 556

11.4 Logistic Regression 565

11.5 Summary 575

Review Questions and Exercises 576

References 590

12 The Chi-Square Distribution and the Analysis of Frequencies 593

12.1 Introduction 594

12.2 The Mathematical Properties of the Chi-Square Distribution 594

12.3 Tests of Goodness-of-Fit 597

12.4 Tests of Independence 612

12.5 Tests of Homogeneity 623

12.6 The Fisher Exact Test 629

12.7 Relative Risk, Odds Ratio, and the Mantel-Haenszel Statistic 634

12.8 Survival Analysis 648

12.9 Summary 664

Review Questions and Exercises 666

References 678

13 Nonparametric and Distribution-Free Statistics 683

13.1 Introduction 684

13.2 Measurement Scales 685

13.3 The Sign Test 686

13.4 The Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test for Location 694

13.5 The Median Test 699

13.6 The Mann-Whitney Test 703

13.7 The Kolmogorov-Smirnov Goodness-of-Fit Test 711

13.8 The Kruskal-Wallis One-Way Analysis of Variance by Ranks 717

13.9 The Friedman Two-Way Analysis of Variance by Ranks 725

13.10 The Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient 731

13.11 Nonparametric Regression Analysis 740

13.12 Summary 743

Review Questions and Exercises 745

References 760

14 Vital Statistics 763

14.1 Introduction 764

14.2 Death Rates and Ratios 765

14.3 Measures of Fertility 772

14.4 Measures of Morbidity 776

14.5 Summary 777

Review Questions and Exercises 779

References 782

Appendix Statistical Tables A-1

Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises A-106

Index I-1

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Biostatistics 3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 3 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I am two months into course and book is very clear and well written. I'm not especially rough on books, but I did drop this book once. It is already coming apart. The cover is detached from the spine and front. Cost alot should not fall apart.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
you CANNOT view it on your nook. you can only view it on your PC or MAC. note to self! I'm sure it will be fine on the computer but I was hoping that it would work on the Nook and up to current, there is no compatibility.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago