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Biotechnology in Forage and Turf Grass Improvement

Overview

This book shows the significant progress made in establishing the methodological basis for the genetic manipulation of forage and turf grasses, with particular emphasis on our most important temperate grasses, the fescues and ryegrasses. It provides detailed and beautifully illustrated descriptions of all relevant methodological aspects of molecular breeding of forage and turf grasses. The topics covered range from the establishment of plant regeneration systems from in vitro cultures, the recovery of haploids ...
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Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998)
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Overview

This book shows the significant progress made in establishing the methodological basis for the genetic manipulation of forage and turf grasses, with particular emphasis on our most important temperate grasses, the fescues and ryegrasses. It provides detailed and beautifully illustrated descriptions of all relevant methodological aspects of molecular breeding of forage and turf grasses. The topics covered range from the establishment of plant regeneration systems from in vitro cultures, the recovery of haploids and somaclonal variants, the combination of whole or partial genomes by somatic hybridization, and the production of transgenic plants, to the development of molecular markers.

Incl. culture technique, variation, haploid/transgenic plant production, hybridization, molecular markers, pathogens.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642720536
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 4/30/2013
  • Series: Monographs on Theoretical and Applied Genetics Series , #23
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 201
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.45 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- 1.1 Agronomic Importance of the Festuca-Lolium Complex..- 1.1.1 Major Festuca Species.- 1.1.2 Major Lolium Species.- 1.2 Distribution of Fescues and Ryegrasses.- 1.3 Biotechnology in Festuca-Lolium Improvement: General Considerations.- References.- 2 Meristem Culture.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Culture of Vegetative Meristems in Festuca and Lolium.- 2.3 Culture of Floral Meristems in Festuca and Lolium.- 2.4 Meristem Culture in Other Grasses.- 2.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 3 Callus Cultures and Somaclonal Variation.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Regeneration from Callus Cultures in Festuca and Lolium.- 3.3 Somaclonal Variation in Festuca and Lolium.- 3.4 Regeneration from Callus Cultures in Other Grasses.- 3.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 4 Anther Culture and Production of Haploids.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Anther Culture and Haploids in Festuca.- 4.3 Anther Culture and Haploids in Lolium.- 4.4 Anther Culture in Other Grasses.- 4.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 5 Plant Regeneration from Suspension Cells and Protoplasts.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Cell Suspension and Protoplast Cultures in Festuca.- 5.2.1 Plant Regeneration from Embryogenic Cell Suspensions in Festuca.- 5.2.2 Plant Regeneration from Protoplasts in Festuca.- 5.3 Cell Suspension and Protoplast Cultures in Lolium.- 5.3.1 Plant Regeneration from Embryogenic Cell Suspensions in Lolium.- 5.3.2 Plant Regeneration from Protoplasts in Lolium.- 5.4 Suspension and Protoplast Cultures in Other Grasses.- 5.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 6 Somatic Hybridization.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Somatic Hybridization in Festuca and Lolium.- 6.3 Cybridization in Festuca and Lolium.- 6.4 Somatic Hybridization in Other Grasses.- 6.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 7 Transgenic Plants from Protoplasts.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Direct Gene Transfer to Protoplasts in Festuca.- 7.3 Direct Gene Transfer to Protoplasts in Lolium.- 7.4 Direct Gene Transfer to Protoplasts in Other Grasses.- 7.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 8 Protoplast-Independent Production of Transgenic Plants.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Protoplast-Independent Transformation in Festuca.- 8.3 Protoplast-Independent Transformation in Lolium.- 8.4 Protoplast-Independent Transformation in Other Grasses.- 8.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 9 Molecular Markers.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Molecular Markers in Festuca and Lolium.- 9.2.1 Isozyme Markers.- 9.2.2 Species-Specific Repetitive DNA Sequences.- 9.2.3 RFLP Markers.- 9.2.4 RAPD Markers.- 9.3 Molecular Markers in Other Grasses.- 9.4 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 10 Perspectives.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 Forage Quality.- 10.2.1 Manipulation of Lignin Biosynthesis.- 10.2.2 Manipulation of Fructan Metabolism.- 10.2.3 Transgenic Expression of “Rumen By-pass” Proteins.- 10.3 Disease and Pest Resistance.- 10.3.1 Fungal Pathogens.- 10.3.2 Viruses.- 10.3.3 Pests.- 10.4 Growth and Development.- 10.4.1 Manipulation of Pollen Allergens.- 10.4.2 Manipulation of Flowering Time and Senescence.- 10.4.3 Manipulation of Apomixis.- 10.4.4 Manipulation of Self-Incompatibility and Cytoplasmic Male Sterility.- 10.4.5 Grasses as Bioreactors.- 10.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.
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