Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climatic System: Will the Warming Feed the Warming?

Overview

The problem of global warming is among the most intensely studied and debated topics in ecology and environmental science. But one possible contributor to global warming—biotic feedback—has until now not been addressed with any serious, sustained attention. Featuring papers prepared for a meeting held at Woods Hole to explore the topic, this book provides for the first time a comprehensive overview of the many issues associated with interactions between biota and global warming. With contributions from ...

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Overview

The problem of global warming is among the most intensely studied and debated topics in ecology and environmental science. But one possible contributor to global warming—biotic feedback—has until now not been addressed with any serious, sustained attention. Featuring papers prepared for a meeting held at Woods Hole to explore the topic, this book provides for the first time a comprehensive overview of the many issues associated with interactions between biota and global warming. With contributions from internationally respected scholars in the field, the book will prove invaluable to students and researchers in ecology, climatology, and environmental science.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195086409
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 1/28/1995
  • Pages: 436
  • Product dimensions: 6.37 (w) x 9.56 (h) x 1.34 (d)

Meet the Author

Woods Hole Research Center

University of Hawaii

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Table of Contents

Contributors
1 Biotic Feedbacks from the Warming of the Earth 3
2 Global Climatic Change: Climatically Important Biogenic Gases and Feedbacks 22
3 Plant Physiological Responses to Elevated CO[subscript 2], Temperature, Air Pollution, and UV-B Radiation 51
4 On the Potential for a CO[subscript 2] Fertilization Effect in Forests: Estimates of the Biotic Growth Factor, Based on 58 Controlled-Exposure Studies 85
5 Indicators of Climatic and Biospheric Change: Evidence from Tree Rings 108
6 Global Climate Change: Disturbance Regimes and Biospheric Feedbacks of Temperate and Boreal Forests 119
7 Permafrost and Vegetation Response to Global Warming in North Eurasia 134
8 Soil Respiration and Changes in Soil Carbon Stocks 159
9 The Biogeochemistry of Northern Peatlands and Its Possible Responses to Global Warming 169
10 Methane Output from Natural and Quasi-Natural Sources: A Review of the Potential for Change and for Biotic and Abiotic Feedbacks 188
11 Linkages between Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling and Their Implications for Storage of Carbon in Terrestrial Ecosystems 219
12 Biofeedback in the Ocean in Response to Climate Change 233
13 Net Carbon Metabolism of Oceanic Margins and Estuaries 246
14 The Vanishing Climatic Role of Dimethyl Sulfide 251
15 Implications of Increased Solar UV-B for Aquatic Ecosystems 263
16 Modeling Interactions of Carbon Dioxide, Forests, and Climate 283
17 Vegetation Geography and Global Carbon Storage Changes 304
18 CO[subscript 2]-Climate Feedbacks: Aspects of Detection 313
19 Effects of Land-Use Change, Surface Temperature, and CO[subscript 2] Concentration on Terrestrial Stores of Carbon 333
20 Storage versus Flux Budgets: The Terrestrial Uptake of CO[subscript 2] during the 1980s 351
21 Perturbations to the Biospheric Carbon Cycle: Uncertainties in the Estimates 367
22 What We Need to Know: Some Priorities for Research on Biotic Feedbacks in a Changing Biosphere 377
23 Will the Warming Speed the Warming? 393
Index 413
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