Birth Chairs, Midwives, and Medicine [NOOK Book]

Overview

There was a time when birth was treated as a natural process rather than a medical condition. Before 1800, women gave birth seated in birth chairs or on stools and were helped along by midwives. Then societal changes in attitudes toward women and the practice of medicine made birthing a province of the male-dominated medical profession.

In Birth Chairs, Midwives, and Medicine, Amanda Carson Banks examines the history of the birth chair and tells how this birthing device changed ...

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Birth Chairs, Midwives, and Medicine

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Overview

There was a time when birth was treated as a natural process rather than a medical condition. Before 1800, women gave birth seated in birth chairs or on stools and were helped along by midwives. Then societal changes in attitudes toward women and the practice of medicine made birthing a province of the male-dominated medical profession.

In Birth Chairs, Midwives, and Medicine, Amanda Carson Banks examines the history of the birth chair and tells how this birthing device changed over time. Through photographs, artists' renditions of births, interviews, and texts from midwives and early obstetricians, she creates an evolutionary picture of birthing practices and highlights the radical redefinition of birth that has occurred in the last two centuries.

During the 1800s the change from a natural philosophy of birth to a medical one was partly a result of heightened understandings of anatomy and physiology. The medical profession was growing, and with it grew the awareness of the economic rewards of making delivery a specialized practice. In the background of the medical profession's rise was the prevailing perception of women as fragile invalids. Gradually, midwives and birth chairs were relegated to rural and isolated settings.

The popularity of birth chairs has seen a revival in the late twentieth century as the struggle between medical obstetrics and the alternative birth movement has grown. As Banks shows through her careful examination of the chairs themselves, these questions have been answered and reconsidered many times in human history. Using the artifacts from the home and medical office, Banks traces sweeping societal changes in the philosophy of how to bring life into the world.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781604735949
  • Publisher: University Press of Mississippi
  • Publication date: 11/8/1999
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 904,889
  • File size: 4 MB

Meet the Author

Amanda Carson Banks is Director of Development for the College of Engineering and Computer Science at California State University, Sacramento. Her articles have appeared in journals like Journal of American Folklore, Impromptu Journal, and Women & Language.
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Table of Contents

List of Figures
Acknowledgments
Introduction: Artifacts and the Cultural Construction of Birth
Stones and Stools: An Early History of Birth Chairs and the Practice of Delivery 1
Curse or Cure? The Rise of Professional Medicine, the Redefinition of Birth, and the Move from Chair to Bed for Delivery 33
Contest and Compromise: The Debate over the Philosophy of Birth, the Return of the Birth Chair, and the Struggle for Ownership 79
Belief, Artifacts, and the Cultural Construction of Medicine 119
App Museums and Archives with Birth Chairs in Their Collections 125
Bibliography 127
Index 149
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