Birth to Death: Science and Bioethics / Edition 1by David C. Thomasma
Pub. Date: 11/28/2003
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The explosive growth of science and medicine in recent times has raised a host of ethical issues. This book reviews major advances in biology and medicine and explores their ethical implications. Organized by stage of human lifefrom birth to deathit guides the reader through the critical issues that face our technologically advanced society. Each
The explosive growth of science and medicine in recent times has raised a host of ethical issues. This book reviews major advances in biology and medicine and explores their ethical implications. Organized by stage of human lifefrom birth to deathit guides the reader through the critical issues that face our technologically advanced society. Each section contains a sketch of the scientific research in a particular field and then discusses the issues that challenge our ethical and moral principles, social frameworks, and public policies. A world-class group of contributors from biology, medicine, technology, and ethics probe controversial topics such as genetic research, transplantation, reproductive technologies, prolonging life and euthanasia, and research on animals and humans. The essays are concise, to the point, and deliberately free of jargon, and the entire work is framed by an introduction and postscript that point the way to the major questions. This book is the perfect introduction for novice readers with general or specific questions about the ethical issues raised by the rapid advance of science and technology. David Thomasma has written many books on medical ethics including For the Patient's Good and Euthanasia: Toward an Ethical Social Policy. He and Thomasine Kushner are the editors of the journal Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics.
Table of Contents
Part I. Introduction David C. Thomasma and Thomasine Kushner: Part II. Genetics: 1. Genetics: a scientific sketch Karen Dawson; 2. The genetic revolution Daniel Callahan; 3. Genetic knowledge: some legal and ethical questions Robert Schwartz; Part III. Reproductive Technologies: 4. The 'Art' of medically-assisted reproduction: an embryo is an embryo is an embryo Michael E. McClure; 5. 'O brave new world': rationality in reproduction Albert R. Jonsen; 6. Reproduction, abortion and rights Rosamond Rhodes; Part IV. Children and Women in Health Care: 7. The critically ill neonate James M Adams; 8. Medical technology and the child Amnon Goldworth; 9. On caring for children Mary Mahowald; Part V. Transpantation: 10. Clinical transplantation Robert Sells; 11. Transplantation and ethics Raanan Gillon; 12. Legalizing payment for transplantable cadaveric organs James F. Blumstein; 13. Part VI. Aging: 14. Scientific advances in aging John Morley; 15. Ethics and aging George Agich; 16. People with dementia: a moral challenge Stephen Post; Part VII. Prolonging Life/Death: 17. Personal dying and medical death Steven Miles; 18. Stopping futile medical treatment: ethical issues Nancy Jecker and Lawrence J. Schneiderman; 19. The sorcerer's broom: medicine's rampant technology Eric J. Cassell; Part VIII. Care of the Dying: 20. Modern technology and care of the dying Ronald E Cranford; 21. Care of the dying from an ethics perspective T. Patrick Hill; Part IX. Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: 22. Euthanasia and assisted suicide Pieter Admiraal; 23. Physician- sssisted suicide: progress or peril? Christine Cassel; 24. 'I will give no deadly drug': why doctors must not kill Leon Kass; 25. Voluntary euthanasia and other medical end-of-life decisions: doctors should be permitted to give death a helping hand Helga Kuhse; Part X. Humans as Research Subjects: 26. Humans as research subjects Herman Wigodsky and Sue Keir Hoppe; 27. Research involving children as subjects Robert J. Levine; 28. Future challenges of medical research review boards Charles R. McKay; Part XI. Using Animals in Research: 29. Animals in research Franklin Loew; 30. Taking duties seriously: medical experimentation, animal rights and moral incoherence Daniel A. Moros; 31. Animal rights and social practices Ted Benton; Part XII. The Environment: 32. The science of the environment Andrew Pullin; 33. Environmental ethics Andrew Dobson; 34. Human activity and environment ethics Andrew Jameton; Part XIII. Postscript David C. Thomasma and Thomasine Kushner.
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