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Black and Blue: The Origins and Consequences of Medical Racism
     

Black and Blue: The Origins and Consequences of Medical Racism

by J. Hoberman
 

ISBN-10: 0520274016

ISBN-13: 9780520274013

Pub. Date: 04/03/2012

Publisher: University of California Press


Black & Blue is the first systematic description of how American doctors think about racial differences and how this kind of thinking affects the treatment of their black patients. The standard studies of medical racism examine past medical abuses of black people and do not address the racially motivated thinking and behaviors of physicians practicing

Overview


Black & Blue is the first systematic description of how American doctors think about racial differences and how this kind of thinking affects the treatment of their black patients. The standard studies of medical racism examine past medical abuses of black people and do not address the racially motivated thinking and behaviors of physicians practicing medicine today.

Black & Blue penetrates the physician’s private sphere where racial fantasies and misinformation distort diagnoses and treatments. Doctors have always absorbed the racial stereotypes and folkloric beliefs about racial differences that permeate the general population. Within the world of medicine this racial folklore has infiltrated all of the medical sub-disciplines, from cardiology to gynecology to psychiatry. Doctors have thus imposed white or black racial identities upon every organ system of the human body, along with racial interpretations of black children, the black elderly, the black athlete, black musicality, black pain thresholds, and other aspects of black minds and bodies. The American medical establishment does not readily absorb either historical or current information about medical racism. For this reason, racial enlightenment will not reach medical schools until the current race-aversive curricula include new historical and sociological perspectives.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520274013
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
04/03/2012
Pages:
304
Sales rank:
911,443
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

1. The Nature of Medical Racism: The Origins and Consequences of Medical Racism

Introduction
“Avoidance and Evasion”
Judging How Physicians Behave
Judging Physician Conduct: Privacy and the “Halo Effect”
The Oral Tradition
Physicians Share the Racial Attitudes of Their Fellow Citizens
The Medical Liberals

2. Black Patients and White Doctors
The African American Health Calamity: The Silence
Medical Vulnerability and Racial Defamation
How Do (White) Physicians Think About Race?
Evidence of Medical Racism
Resistance to the Critique of Racial Bias
In Medicine
Medical Liberalism and the Medical Literature
The Physician’s Private Sphere
Playing Anthropologist
From Racial Folklore to Racial Medicine

3. Medical Consequences of Racializing the Human Organism
Racial
Interpretations of Human Types and Traits

Introduction
Racial
Interpretations of Black
Infants and Children
Racial
Interpretations of the Black Elderly
Racial
Interpretations of the Black Athlete
Racial
Interpretations of Black Musical Aptitude
Racial
Interpretations of Losing Consciousness
Racial
Interpretations of the Nervous System
Racial
Interpretations of Pain Sensitivity
Racial
Interpretations of Heart Disease
Racial
Interpretations of Human Organs and Disorders
Racial
Interpretations of the Eyes
Racial
Interpretations of Black Skin
Racial
Interpretations of Human Teeth
Racial
Interpretations of “White” and “Black” Disorders
Black “Hardiness”
Physical Hardiness
Emotional Hardiness
Conclusion: How Human Organ Systems Acquire Racial Identities
Racial Folklore
In Medical Specialties
A Century of Racial Pharmacology: From Racial Folklore to Racial Genetics
The Role of Racial Folklore
In Obstetrics and Gynecology
During the Twentieth Century

4. Medical Apartheid,
Internal Colonialism, and the Task of American Psychiatry

Introduction
“Africanizing” the Black Image
American Psychiatry As Racial Medicine
The Racial Primitive
In American Psychiatry
The Task of Black Psychiatry
Colonial Medical Status

5. A Medical School Syllabus On Race

Introduction
The Doctor-Patient Relationship
The Problem Patient
Medical Authors’ Aversion to Race
Race and Medical Education: the Search For “Cultural Competence”
Two official Versions of “Cultural Competence”
Physicians’ Beliefs About Racial Differences: A (Belated) Study
A Medical Curriculum On Race
Practical Advice For Physicians
Social Class, Misdiagnoses, and Therapeutic Fatalism
“Cultural Competence” As Knowledge of Stereotype Systems
Raceless Humanism: “Medical Humanities” and the Evasion of Difference
Medical Curriculum Change Is Possible: The Case of Abortion Training

Notes

Index

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