Black Baseball Entrepreneurs, 1860-1901: Operating by Any Means Necessary

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Editorial Reviews

The New York Times
Lomax, who teaches physical education and sports studies at the University of Georgia, writes a history of the game from the perspective of its development as a business during Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, with much minute information on the financial side of early black baseball. He convincingly places the fledgling industry in the context of the emergence of a black middle class after the Civil War and black migration to the North. He shows how, given the relative poverty of blacks in Northern cities, the black game had to appeal at first to white audiences and often be run by white entrepreneurs. A constant theme is how black advancement was achieved through negotiated gains in which not a few concessions had to be made. But the central, most profound story is blacks' struggle to realize the most American of ideals, freedom and self-determination, in a hostile environment. — Roberto González Echevarría
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780815607861
  • Publisher: Syracuse University Press
  • Publication date: 4/28/2003
  • Series: Sports and Entertainment Ser.
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 222
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Entrepreneurship and the Rise of Black Baseball 1
2 From Social Organization to Commercial Enterprise 14
3 The Birth of a Commercial Enterprise 35
4 Windows of Opportunity and Mounting Obstacles, 1887 61
5 A New Frontier and New Challenges, 1888-1889 89
6 The War over Players, 1890-1891 106
7 The Lean Years, 1892-1895 123
8 The Search for a Colored Champion 144
9 Rivalries, a New Frontier, and Reorganization 162
Notes 181
Bibliography 205
Index 219
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