Black Congressmen During Reconstruction

Overview

During the Reconstruction, African Americans from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia—former slave-owning states—were elected to Congress in remarkable numbers. They included lawyers, teachers, businessmen, editors, and ministers. African Americans gained the right to vote through the Reconstruction Acts and the Civil War Amendments, and elected 2 blacks to the Senate and 19 to the House of Representatives. This book provides brief biographical sketches ...

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Overview

During the Reconstruction, African Americans from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia—former slave-owning states—were elected to Congress in remarkable numbers. They included lawyers, teachers, businessmen, editors, and ministers. African Americans gained the right to vote through the Reconstruction Acts and the Civil War Amendments, and elected 2 blacks to the Senate and 19 to the House of Representatives. This book provides brief biographical sketches of these extraordinary politicians and excerpts from documents illuminating their activities in Congress.

These politicians took an active role and spoke out on issues from civil rights legislation and policies on Native Americans to the Chinese Exclusion Bill and foreign policy. They demanded a federal law making lynching a capital crime, denounced massacres in the South, and decried the activities of the Ku Klux Klan. They played important roles until the South successfully drove blacks away from the polls and from Congress.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313322815
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 12/30/2002
  • Pages: 464
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

STEPHEN MIDDLETON is Associate Professor of History at North Carolina State University. He is the author of The Black Laws in the Old Northwest: A Documentary History (Greenwood, 1993). His specialty is U.S. Constitutional History with a research interest in race and constitutional and legal history.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1 Blanche Kelso Bruce, Senate 1
2 Richard Harvey Cain, House of Representatives 39
3 Henry Plummer Cheatham, House of Representatives 59
4 Robert Carlos De Large, House of Representatives 79
5 Robert Brown Elliott, House of Representatives 85
6 Jeremiah Haralson, House of Representatives 115
7 John Adams Hyman, House of Representatives 121
8 John Mercer Langston, House of Representatives 125
9 Jefferson Franklin Long, House of Representatives 141
10 John Roy Lynch, House of Representatives 145
11 Thomas Ezekiel Miller, House of Representatives 227
12 George Washington Murray, House of Representatives 245
13 Charles Edmund Nash, House of Representatives 267
14 James Edward O'Hara, House of Representatives 275
15 Joseph Hayne Rainey, House of Representatives 291
16 Alonzo Jacob Ransier, House of Representatives 297
17 James Thomas Rapier, House of Representatives 309
18 Hiram Rhodes Revels, Senate 319
19 Robert Smalls, House of Representatives 333
20 Benjamin Sterling Turner, House of Representatives 349
21 Josiah Thomas Walls, House of Representatives 357
22 George Henry White, House of Representatives 391
Bibliography 431
Index 437
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