Black Dixie: Afro-Texan History and Culture in Houston

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An innovative contribution to the growing body of research about urban African-American culture in the South, Black Dixie is the first anthology to track the black experience in a single southern city across the entire slavery/post-slavery continuum. It combines the best previously published scholarship about black Houston and little-known contemporary eyewitness accounts of the city with fresh, unpublished essays by historians and social scientists.

Divided into four sections, the book covers a broad range of both time and subjects. The first section analyzes the development of scholarly consciousness and interest in the history of black Houston; slavery in nineteenth-century Houston is covered in the second section; economic and social development in Houston in the era of segregation are looked at in the third section; and segregation, violence, and civil rights in twentieth-century Houston are dealt with in the final section.

Collectively, the contents of Black Dixie utilize the full range of primary sources available to scholars studying the black South. These include such traditional material as newspapers and diaries as well as newer techniques involving quantification and statistical analysis. The editors' remarks relate the individual essays to one another as well as placing them within the context of scholarly literature on the subject. Hence Black Dixie will serve both as a resource and as a model for the study of black urban culture in Texas and throughout the South.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Howard Beeth is associate professor of history at Texas Southern University in Houston, Texas. He received his bachelor's and master's degrees from Temple University and his doctorate from the University of Houston. He was head of the Afro-American Research Collection at the Houston Public Library's Metropolitan Research Center from 1981 to 1987 and has written several articles dealing with various aspects of the South. Cary D. Wintz is professor of history and director of academic computing at Texas Southern University. He received his bachelor's degree from Rice University and his master's and doctoral degrees from Kansas State University. He has written a number of articles on blacks in Houston and is the author of Black Culture and the Harlem Renaissance (Rice University Press, 1988).
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Pt. I Historians, Houston, and History
Historians, Houston, and History 3
Pt. II Slavery and Freedom: Blacks in Nineteenth-Century Houston
Introduction 13
Use and Distribution of Slave Labor in Harris County, Texas, 1836-60 32
Seeking Equality: Houston Black Women during Reconstruction 54
Richard Allen: The Chequered Career of Houston's First Black State Legislator 74
Pt. III Economic and Social Development in Black Houston during the Era of Segregation
Introduction 87
The Emergence of Black Business in Houston, Texas: A Study of Race and Ideology, 1919-45 103
"Yes, We Have No Jitneys!": Transportation Issues in Houston's Black Community, 1914-24 116
Houston's Colored Citizens: Activities and Conditions among the Negro Population in the 1920s 128
Sidelights on Houston Negroes as Seen by an Associate of Dr. Carter G. Woodson in 1930 134
Pt. IV Segregation, Violence, and Civil Rights: Race Relations in Twentieth-Century Houston
Introduction 157
Race Relations in "Heavenly Houston," 1919-45 175
Black Houstonians and the White Democratic Primary, 1920-45 192
The Houston Sit-In Movement of 1960-61 211
Operation Breadbasket in Houston, 1966-78 223
Housing Problems and Prospects in Contemporary Houston 236
Organizing in the Private City: The Case of Houston, Texas 253
About the Contributors 278
Index 281
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