Black in School: Afrocentric Reform, Urban Youth, and the Promise of Hip-Hop Culture

Black in School: Afrocentric Reform, Urban Youth, and the Promise of Hip-Hop Culture

by Shawn Ginwright
     
 

ISBN-10: 0807744328

ISBN-13: 9780807744321

Pub. Date: 03/12/2004

Publisher: Teachers College Press

What are the limits of Afrocentric reform for African American students whose schools and communities are ravaged by poverty? How can an understanding of poverty improve Afrocentric reform efforts? This probing book turns an analytical lens on an urban high school's attempt to improve academic performance with an Afrocentric curriculum. The author's detailed

Overview

What are the limits of Afrocentric reform for African American students whose schools and communities are ravaged by poverty? How can an understanding of poverty improve Afrocentric reform efforts? This probing book turns an analytical lens on an urban high school's attempt to improve academic performance with an Afrocentric curriculum. The author's detailed examination provides a comprehensive look at the limits and possibilities for identity reform in poor urban schools.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807744321
Publisher:
Teachers College Press
Publication date:
03/12/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
168
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.42(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsvii
Introduction1
The Emergence of Multicultural Education3
What We Don't Know About Afrocentric Reform5
Overview of the Book7
1.Say It Loud, I'm Black and I'm Proud! Afrocentric Movement, Past, Present, and Future9
Urban Protest and the Black Power Movement10
From the Streets to the Ivory Towers12
The Afrocentric Movement Today16
What Is Afrocentrism?17
2.Hip-Hop Generation vs. Civil Rights Generation: The Challenge of Afrocentric Reform24
Afrocentric Reform in Urban Schools25
The Challenge of Afrocentric Education27
Considering Black Youth Identity and the Promise of Hip-Hop Culture29
Bridging the Generation Gap: The Challenge of the New Black Middle Class32
Piecing the Puzzle Together33
3.Black Life and the History of Oakland35
Black Migration to Oakland, 1869-193936
Migration During and After World War II38
Economic Decline and White Flight, 1945-196040
Stratifying the Black Community: The Creation of Oakland's Black Middle Class42
Class Conflict and the Battle Over West Oakland Community43
West Oakland Today46
4.Oakland Schools in Crisis48
District Corruption and Statewide Fiscal Turmoil52
Community Perceptions of McClymonds High School54
Parental Involvement58
Living in West Oakland59
Community Concern for Safety at McClymonds62
Closing McClymonds High School64
5.Plans to Transform McClymonds High School68
Behind the Effort to Transform McClymonds High69
Organizing BUFFER for Action70
The Final Plan to Transform McClymonds High80
6.Implementing the Afrocentric Program88
Transforming the School88
The New Curriculum90
Teachers' Perspective: Tumultuous Times92
Community's Perspective: How Much Does It Cost?97
From the Students' Perspective100
How to Become Better at Being Black105
From Egypt to West Oakland: Outcomes and Expectations107
7.The Failure of Afrocentric Reform at McClymonds High School108
Outcomes: Was McClymonds Transformed?108
Why Did the Project Fail?110
8.Lessons Learned: A Vision of Afrocentric Reform for the Hip-Hop Generation119
Transforming Schools and Communities Through Youth Engagement121
Youth Organizing: The Promise of New Reform Strategies for Urban Schools and Communities125
The Power of Youth in Public Policy131
Hip-Hop Culture and Possibilities for Afrocentric Reform132
The Future of Afrocentric Reform136
References137
Index147
About the Author159

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