Black Scholars on the Line: Race, Social Science, and American Thought in the Twentieth Century

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Black Scholars on the Line: Race, Social Science, and American Thought in the Twentieth Century explores the development of American social science by highlighting the contributions of those scholars who were both students and objects of a segregated society. The book asks how segregation has influenced, and continues to influence, the development of American social thought and social science scholarship.

Jonathan Scott Holloway and Ben Keppel present the work of twenty-eight black social scientists whose work was published between the rise of the Tuskegee model of higher education and the end of the Black Power Era. The intellectuals featured here produced scholarship that helped define the contours of the social sciences as they evolved over the course of the twentieth century. Theirs was the work of pioneers, now for the first time gathered in one anthology.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“The 31 well-selected essays, ranging from 1898 to 1973, are an excellent introduction and guide to the world of the African American scholars who established their place in US academic and intellectual culture. The introductions provide contexts and bibliographies. This strong, valuable collection documents the issues and barriers met by the 'Talented Tenth,' who often lived behind the 'Veil,' and who used their minds to explain how 'the color line continues to be drawn in the lives of millions of Americans.' Highly recommended.” —Choice

“The editors' excellent introductory essay focuses on social science as an expression of society, not simply as a detached commentary on it. In the US, institutionalized racism has been central to American society, and black scholars have always had to work both within and against its constraints. This is as true, the editors argue, of contemporary academics in Black Studies programs as it was for W.E.B. Du Bois at the beginning of the last century. . . . This volume will be particularly useful in courses on the history of American social science.” —Virginia Quarterly Review

“Thirty-one papers explore the development of American social science by highlighting the contributions of those scholars who were both students and objects of a segregated society.” —Journal of Economic Literature

"Logically organized, well contextualized, and insightfully theorized, Holloway and Keppel's anthology enriches our knowledge of African American social scientists who operated during the era of segregation. In providing important primary documents that complement the numerous available biographies and studies of black scholars, this collection should be useful to any student of twentieth-century African American intellectual history." —The Journal of Southern History

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780268030797
  • Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press
  • Publication date: 6/1/2007
  • Series: Afro/amer Intellectu Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 600
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Jonathan Scott Holloway is professor of African American studies and history at Yale University.
Ben Keppel is associate professor of history at the University of Oklahoma.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction: Segregated Social Science and Its Legacy     1
Founding an Intellectual Tradition
Introduction     40
"The Attitude of the American Mind toward the Negro Intellect"     45
"The Negro in Light of Philology, Ethnology, and Egyptology"     57
"The Status of Woman in America"     68
"The Progress of Colored Women"     77
"The Exodus during the World War"     87
Building a True Social Science
Introduction     102
"Slavery and Industrialism     108
"The Size, Age and Sex of the Negro Population"     131
"The Changing Status of the Negro Family"     150
"The Background" (from Shadow of the Plantation)     161
"Cotton Plus Steel Equals Schools, 1900-1930     173
"Caste, Economy, and Violence"     196
African Americans in American Cultural Production
Introduction     210
"The New Negro"     215
"Characteristics of Negro Expression"     226
"The American Race Problem as Reflected in American Literature"     240
"The Dilemma of the Negro Author"     261
The Political Economy of Race
Introduction     270
"Economic Foundations of American Race Division"     276
"The Du Bois Program in the Present Crisis"     290
"Social Planning for the Negro, Past and Present"     295
"A Critique of New Deal Social Planning As It Affects Negroes"     313
"The Negro and Social Planning"     321
The World and the Color Line Come Home
Introduction     328
"The Negro in the New World Order"     334
"Race and Imperialism"     355
"Certain Unalienable Rights"     374
"Prospect of a World without Race Conflict"     383
"Plans for World Peace"     394
A Science of Society
Introduction     406
"Racial Identification and Preference in Negro Children     415
"The Culture of Poverty Approach to Social Problems"     429
"Toward a Definition of Black Social Science"     437
"Tomorrow's Tomorrow: The Black Woman"     455
"Oppression and Power: The Unique Status of the Black Woman in the American Political System"     466
"Competitive Race Relations and the Proliferation of Racial Protests: 1940-1970"     482
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