Black Slaveowners: Free Black Slave Masters in South Carolina, 1790-1860 [NOOK Book]

Overview

Most Americans, both black and white, believe that slavery was a system exclusively maintained by whites to exploit blacks, but Larry Koger's authoritative study reveals the extent to which African Americans played a significant role as slave masters in the peculiar institution. By examining South Carolina's diverse population of African-American slaveowners, Koger demonstrates that free African Americans widely embraced slavery as a viable economic system and that they--like their white counterparts--exploited ...
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Black Slaveowners: Free Black Slave Masters in South Carolina, 1790-1860

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Overview

Most Americans, both black and white, believe that slavery was a system exclusively maintained by whites to exploit blacks, but Larry Koger's authoritative study reveals the extent to which African Americans played a significant role as slave masters in the peculiar institution. By examining South Carolina's diverse population of African-American slaveowners, Koger demonstrates that free African Americans widely embraced slavery as a viable economic system and that they--like their white counterparts--exploited the labor of slaves on their farms and in their businesses. Drawing on the federal census, wills, mortgage bills of sale, tax returns, and newspaper advertisements, Koger sheds light on the nature of African-American slaveholding, its complexity, and its rationales. He describes how some African-American masters earned their freedom but how many others--primarily mulattoes--were unfamiliar with slavery's dehumanization because they were born of free parents. Koger reveals the caste system that existed within the antebellum African-American community--one in which prosperous mulattoes and African Americans of lighter skin sought to separate themselves from those held in bondage. Koger challenges the notion that most African-American slaveholders were benevolent owners who purchased the freedom of relatives. Instead he shows that while some did buy family members and other slaves for humanitarian reasons, African Americans in South Carolina acquired slaves primarily because they had little access to other sources of labor and because they viewed slaveowning as a means of elevating themselves above the masses.
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Editorial Reviews

Choice
artfully demonstrates the full extent
Charleston News & Courier
a valuable reference work...powerful history...well done
The Journal of Southern History
thought-provoking study
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780786451289
  • Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
  • Publication date: 12/1/1985
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 679,045
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Larry Koger holds an M.A. in history form Howard University. He lives in Largo, Maryland.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
List of Tables
Foreword
Introduction 1
Ch. 1 Free Black Slaveholding and the Federal Census 5
Ch. 2 The Numbers and Distribution of Black Slaveholding 18
Ch. 3 From Slavery to Freedom to Slaveownership 31
Ch. 4 "Buying My Chidrum from Ole Massa" 45
Ch. 5 Neither a Slave Nor a Free Person 69
Ch. 6 The Woodson Thesis: Fact or Fiction? 80
Ch. 7 White Rice, White Cotton, Brown Planters, Black Slaves 102
Ch. 8 Free Black Artisans: A Need for Labor 140
Ch. 9 The Denmark Vesey Conspiracy: Brown Masters vs. Black Slaves 160
Ch. 10 No More Black Massa 187
Appendix A. Tables for Chapter One 201
Appendix B. Table for Chapter Two 209
Appendix C. Tables for Chapter Six 231
Notes 235
Index 275
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