Black Victory: The Rise and Fall of the White Primary in Texas / Edition 2

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In Black Victory, Darlene Clark Hine examines a pivotal breakthrough in the struggle for black liberation through the voting process. She details the steps and players in the 1944 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Smith v. Allwright, a precursor to the 1965 Voting Rights Act. She discusses the role that NAACP attorneys such as Thurgood Marshall played in helping black Texans regain the right denied them by white Texans in the Democratic Party: the right to vote and to have that vote count. Hine illuminates the mobilization of black Texans. She effectively demonstrates how each part of the African American community—from professionals to laborers—was essential to this struggle and the victory against disfranchisement.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"[Black Victory] is an exceptionally informative and useful book and the author must be recognized for her contribution to the fields of American jurisprudence in general and black political history in particular. This work fills a void that has long existed in literature dealing with Southern white supremacist politics. . . . Hine's study is a remarkable piece of scholarship to United States social and political history."—Journal of Negro History

"The major contribution of Hine's book is not, however, the legal history of the white primary, which is well known. Hine goes beyond legalistic details and reveals the emergence of black leadership during those difficult years. What brought black people together, and ultimately united them, was the belief that without the right to vote all their other aspirations would be thwarted. . . . Hine carefully identifies each important participant in the struggle, greatly adding to our knowledge of black Americans and broadening our perspective of the country's history, which has been for too long a white man's history."—Journal of Southern History

"Hine has given us a solid, tightly knit account of the local and NAACP quest to restore black political rights and the beginnings of blacks to build a new base for themselves in the Democratic party. The Republicans had ignored their pleas and previous contributions for far too long. As Hine also suggests, the white primary confrontation led blacks to an awareness of the power they did possess. Black Victory demonstrates how the rise of black political awareness foreshadowed the civil rights movement and changed the black political map in the 1950s and 1960s."—Journal of American History

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780826214621
  • Publisher: University of Missouri Press
  • Publication date: 6/6/2003
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 296
  • Product dimensions: 6.13 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Darlene Clark Hine is John A. Hannah Professor of History at Michigan State University in East Lansing. She is the author or editor of numerous books, including Crossing Boundaries: Comparative History of Black People in Diaspora and A Shining Thread of Hope: The History of Black Women in America.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments to the 2003 Edition
Collaboration and Conversations: Revisioning Black Victory 1
Reflection on Darlene Clark Hine's Black Victory 9
In Retrospect: Darlene-Clark Hine's Black Victory 25
Black Victory
Preface to the First Edition 43
Acknowledgments to the First Edition 47
1 The Supreme Court and the Black Ballot: From Reconstruction Reality to New South Myth 51
2 The Rise of the Texas Democratic White Primary 69
3 Black Texans and the Rise of the NAACP 95
4 Nixon v. Herndon, 1927 111
5 An Overview of White Primary Cases in Virginia, Arkansas, and Florida, 1928-1930 126
6 Nixon v. Condon, 1932 142
7 The NAACP, Black Texans, and White Democrats, 1932-1934 173
8 Grovey v. Townsend, 1935 193
9 Coming Together: Black Lawyers, Black Texans, and the NAACP, 1936-1941 210
10 Smith v. Allwright and the Fall of the White Primary, 1944-1952 231
Afterword: The Second Reconstruction 249
Bibliography 259
Index 273
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