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Meet Blackwater USA, the powerful private army that the U.S. government has quietly hired to operate in international war zones and on American soil. Founded by billionaire Erik Prince, the company has its own military base, a fleet of twenty aircraft, and twenty-thousand troops at the ready, Blackwater is the elite Praetorian Guard for the "global war on terror"-- yet most people have never heard of it. It was the moment the war turned: On March 31, 2004, four Americans were ambushed and burned near their jeeps by an angry mob in the Sunni stronghold of Falluja. Their charred corpses were hung from a bridge over the Euphrates River. The ensuing slaughter by U.S. troops would fuel the fierce Iraqi resistance that haunts occupation forces to this day. But these men were neither American military nor civilians. They were highly trained private soldiers sent to Iraq by a secretive mercenary company based in the wilderness of North Carolina. Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army is the unauthorized story of the epic rise of one of the most powerful and secretive forces to emerge from the U.S. military-industrial complex, hailed by the Bush administration as a revolution in military affairs, but considered by others as a dire threat to American democracy.
Scahill's liberal horror story is about the company that has deployed many of the "private contractors" who have assisted the U.S. military in Iraq and been responsible for more than its share of death and disorder. Scahill, a regular contributor to the Nation, amps up the scare language in his study of both Blackwater and the wealthy, ultra-conservative Prince family that founded the company, but luckily, Weiner does not. With his booming baritone reined tightly in check, Weiner coolly and calmly delivers the bad news. The parade of scaremongering may grow wearying, but Weiner maintains his composure throughout, offsetting Scahill (to a degree) by virtue of his unyielding temperateness. Simultaneous release with the Nation hardcover (Reviews, Feb. 26). (Nov.)Copyright 2007 Reed Business Information
THE STATELY mansion at 1057 South Shore Drive in Holland, Michigan, is about as far from Fallujah as one could imagine. The home where young Erik Prince, founder of Blackwater USA, grew up sits along the sleepy banks of Lake Macatawa, an inlet of Lake Michigan in the American Midwest. Trees shimmer along the edges of the driveway on a summer day; the sun glints peacefully off the lake. Occasionally, a car clips by or a boat motor starts, but otherwise the neighborhood is calm and quiet, the embodiment of affluent, postcard American society. Two middle-aged women power-walk past a man lazily riding his lawnmower. Other than that, the street is deserted. As they trot by, one of the women glances over to her companion, their sun visors almost colliding, and asks whether the Prince family still owns the mansion. The estate is well-known, the family more so. In Holland, Michigan, the Princes were indeed royalty, and Erik's father, Edgar Prince, was the king.
Much like Blackwater's compound in Moyock, North Carolina-a seven-thousand-acre peat bog with a constant rattle of machine-gun fire-is Erik Prince's personal fiefdom, the idyllic Dutch hamlet of Holland was his father's. Aself-made industrialist, Edgar Prince employed nearly a quarter of the city. He shaped its institutions, planned and funded its downtown, and was among the biggest benefactors to its two colleges. A decade after Edgar's sudden death in 1995, his presence and legacy still permeate the town. On the corner of two of the busiest streets in Holland's soccer-mom-chic downtown, there is a monument to Ed Prince: seven bronze footsteps embedded in the ground lead to a raised platform upon which stand life-sized bronze statues of a trio of musicians-a tuxedoed cello player, a mustached violinist, and a young woman wearing a skirt who is blowing into her flute. Another statue depicts a little girl standing with her arms wrapped around a small boy, holding a book of music notes, their mouths frozen in song. On the pedestal below the group is a small plaque memorializing Edgar D. Prince: "We will always hear your footsteps," it reads. "The People of Downtown Holland honor your extraordinary vision and generosity."
If there was one lesson Edgar Prince was poised to impart to his children, it was how to build and maintain an empire based on strict Christian values, right-wing politics, and free-market economics. But while the landscape of Holland today is dotted with memorials to the Prince family legacy, Edgar was not the town's original emperor. Dating back to the community's founding, Holland had long been run by Christian patriarchs. In 1846, with a sea-weary clan of fifty-seven fellow Dutch refugees, Albertus Van Raalte came ashore in western Michigan. Prince's predecessor had fled his home country because he had "undergone all manner of humiliation and persecution through his defiance of the religious restrictions imposed by the State church," according to the city.
Van Raalte was a member of a sect of the Dutch Reform Church opposed by the Dutch monarchy at the time. After arriving in the United States aboard his vessel, the Southerner, Van Raalte led the clan to the shores of Lake Michigan, where he envisioned a community free to live and worship within the tenets of his brand of Dutch Reform, and without any outside influence. After some scouting he came upon a perfect spot, next to a lake that ran into Lake Michigan. On February 9, 1847, Van Raalte's community was founded, on the site where Erik Prince would later spend his youth, perhaps some of it on the creaking dock that sneaks out into the Lake Michigan inlet. But Van Raalte's perfect vision would not be realized quite as he expected, according to a biography produced by Hope College, which he founded and which has seen millions of dollars in donations from the Prince family: "[Van Raalte's] goal of developing a Christian community governed by Christian principles was visionary but was shattered in 1850. Holland Township became the basic unit of government. Van Raalte's ideal of Christian control was lost." But Van Raalte sought alternative means of establishing his Shangri-La in Holland. "His influence was felt because he became active in politics and he continued to own large tracts of land," according to the biography. "Although many of the means to achieve a Christian community broke down, Van Raalte was still the pastor of the only church, member of the district school board, guiding light of the Academy, principal landowner, and a businessman with major property holdings." Virtually the same description could be applied to Edgar Prince and, eventually, to Erik, born nearly a century after Van Raalte's death.
The conservative Dutch Reform Church that provided the religious guidance for Van Raalte, and eventually the Prince family, based its beliefs on the teachings of a seventeenth-century minister, John Calvin. One of the main tenets of Calvinism is that of predestination-the belief that God has predestined some people for salvation and others for damnation. Calvinists believe that people have no business meddling or vainly trying to divine God's decisions. The religion also teaches strict obedience and hard work, acting on the belief that God will steer followers but that they are responsible for the work. Calvinists have long taken pride in their work ethic. The town of Holland boasts that its villagers dug the canal to Lake Michigan-that would prove valuable for trade-with their own hands, and then set down their shovels and immediately constructed the bridge over their new channel.
It was this famed work ethic that found Erik Prince's grandfather Peter Prince, owner of the Tulip City Produce Company, on a truck heading to Grand Rapids, thirty miles away, for a business meeting in the early morning hours of May 21, 1943. Shortly into the trip, Prince complained of heartburn to his fellow wholesale produce dealer, and they pulled over for a few minutes. Soon, they continued on, and near Hudsonville, halfway through the trip, Prince slumped over against his colleague, who was driving. A doctor in the town pronounced him dead on arrival at the age of thirty-six. Peter's son, Edgar, was eleven years old.
A decade later, Edgar Prince graduated from the University of Michigan with an engineering degree and met Elsa Zwiep, whose parents owned Zwiep's Seed Store in Holland and who had just completed her studies in education and sociology at nearby Calvin College. The two married, and Edgar followed family tradition and joined the military, serving in the U.S. Air Force. The couple moved east and then west as Edgar was stationed at bases in South Carolina and Colorado. Though it's unclear whether Peter Prince was a veteran-he came of age for the draft during the window between World War I and World War II-four of Peter's five brothers were in the Army at the time of his death. Though Edgar Prince had traveled far and wide during college and the Air Force, his hometown of Holland beckoned him and Elsa back to Lake Michigan and to the strict religious and cultural traditions embraced by the Prince family. "We find Holland a very comfortable place to live," Edgar Prince said in a book written about Holland's downtown, which included three chapters on the family. "We have family here. We enjoy the recreational opportunities. We like the community's heritage, which is based on the Dutch reputation for being neat, clean, orderly, and hard working. Their standard has always been excellence."
Upon returning to the town, Edgar rolled up his sleeves and started working in die-casting, rising to the position of chief engineer at Holland's Buss Machine Works. But Edgar had much bigger ambitions and soon quit. In 1965, Prince and two fellow employees founded their own company that made die-cast machines for the auto industry. In 1969, he shipped a sixteen-hundred-ton machine capable of creating aluminum transmission cases every two minutes. By 1973, Prince Corporation was a great success, with hundreds of people working for the company's various Holland divisions. That year, the company began production of what would become its signature product, an invention that would end up in virtually every car in the world and put Edgar Prince on his way to becoming a billionaire: the ubiquitous lighted sun visor.
But while wealth and success were in abundance in the Prince family, the sixteen-to-eighteen-hour days had been taking their toll on Edgar, and in the early 1970s, he nearly fell to the same fate as his father when he suffered a serious heart attack. "It was then, while he lay in a hospital bed reflecting on what all his labor had won for him, that he committed himself anew to his faith in Jesus Christ," recalled Prince's friend Gary Bauer, one of the early leaders of the religious right and founder of the conservative Christian lobby group the Family Research Council. "Ed turned his future and the future of his business over to God. From that point forward, the Prince Corporation was blessed with unprecedented growth and financial success." Edgar Prince recovered from the heart attack and steered his company toward amazing prosperity. Prince Corporation soon expanded into map lamps, visors that could open garage doors, consoles with ashtrays, and cup and change holders, among many other products. By 1980, the Prince empire boasted numerous plants and more than 550 employees. As Erik Prince later recalled, "My dad was a very successful entrepreneur. From scratch he started a company that first produced high-pressure die-cast machines and grew into a world-class automotive parts supplier in west Michigan. They developed and patented the first lighted car sun visor, developed the car digital compass/thermometer and the programmable garage door opener." But, Prince said, "Not all their ideas were winners. Things like a sock-drawer light, an automated ham de-boning machine and a propeller-driven snowmobile didn't work out so well for the company. My dad used them as examples of the need for perseverance and determination."
In that respect, it wasn't the only way in which the product itself seemed of secondary importance to Prince. "People make the difference," read the copy from an old Prince Corporation brochure. "It isn't magic that brings excellence to a company; excellence is the result of commitment and hard work by dedicated people. Whether we're talking about products or processes, no wizardry or easy formulas will solve the challenges of tomorrow. People will." Edgar Prince was fond of initiatives like one where executives stuck to a strict exercise regimen. Three days a week from 4:15 to 5:15 p.m. the executives met at the Holland Tennis Club, which Prince also owned. In 1987, Prince opened a sprawling 550,000-square-foot facility spread over thirty-five acres, its fourth manufacturing center and home to many of its now fifteen hundred employees. The Prince "campus" centerpiece featured nearly five thousand feet of skylights and amenities like a basketball and volleyball court. He never made employees work on Sundays and flew executives home from business trips promptly so they could be with their families on the Lord's Day.
Detroit's auto industry may have been suffering in the 1980s, "but you'd never know it from the Prince Corporation," read the lead of a story in the Holland Sentinel. "My family's business was automotive supply-the most viciously competitive business in the world," Erik Prince told author Robert Young Pelton. "My father was focused on quality, volume, and customer satisfaction. That's what we talked around the dinner table." But Edgar Prince had more than the success of his business and his employees on his mind, and with the money flowing into Prince Corporation, he finally had the means to achieve the higher goals to which he aspired. That meant pouring serious money into conservative Christian causes. "Ed Prince was not an empire builder. He was a Kingdom builder," recalled Gary Bauer. "For him, personal success took a back seat to spreading the Gospel and fighting for the moral restoration of our society."
In the 1980s, the Prince family merged with one of the most venerable conservative families in the United States when Erik Prince's sister Betsy married Dick DeVos, whose father, Richard, founded the multilevel marketing firm Amway and went on to own the Orlando Magic basketball team. Amway was a powerhouse distributor of home products and was regularly plagued by accusations that it was run like a cult and was nothing more than a sophisticated pyramid scheme. The company would rise to become one of the greatest corporate contributors in the U.S. electoral process in the 1990s, mostly to Republican candidates and causes, and used its business infrastructure as a massive political organizing network. "Amway relies heavily on the nearly fanatical-some say cultlike-devotion of its more than 500,000 U.S. 'independent distributors; As they sell the company's soaps, vitamins, detergents, and other household products, the distributors push the Amway philosophy," reported Mother Jones magazine in a 1996 exposé on the company. "They tell you to always vote conservative no matter what. They say liberals support the homosexuals and let women get out of their place," Karen ]ones, a former Amway distributor, told the magazine. "They say we need to get things back to the way it's supposed to be." Amway leaders also reportedly used "voice-mail messages, along with company rallies and motivational tapes, to mobilize distributors into a potent domestic political force."
Betsy and Dick's union was the kind of alliance common among the families of monarchs in Europe. The DeVos family was one of the few in Michigan whose power and influence exceeded that of the Princes. They were one of the greatest bankrollers of far-right causes in U.S. history, and with their money they propelled extremist Christian politicians and activists to positions of prominence. For a time, Betsy and Dick lived down the street from the Prince family, including Erik, who is nine years younger than his sister.
In 1988, Gary Bauer and Focus on the Family founder James Dobson began building what would become the Family Research Council (FRC), the crusading, influential, and staunchly conservative evangelical organization that has since taken the lead on issues ranging from banning gay marriage to promoting school vouchers for Christian schools to outlawing abortion and stem-cell research. To get it off the ground, though, they needed funding, and they turned to Edgar Prince. "[W]hen Jim Dobson and I decided that the financial resources weren't available to launch FRC, Ed and his family stepped into the breach," wrote Bauer. "I can say without hesitation that without Ed and Elsa and their wonderful children, there simply would not be a Family Research Council." Young Erik would go on to become one of Bauer's earliest interns at the FRC. It was one of many right-wing causes that the Princes would join the DeVoses in bankrolling, leading to what would be known as the Republican Revolution in 1994, which brought Newt Gingrich and a radical right-wing agenda known as the Contract with America to power in Congress, wrestling control from the Democrats for the first time in forty years. To support the "revolution," DeVos's Amway gave some $2.5 million to the Republican Party in what was the single largest soft-money donation on record to any political party in history. In 1996, Amway also donated $1.3 million to the San Diego Convention and Visitors Bureau to pay for Republican "infomercials" broadcast on Pat Robertson's Family Channel during the RNC convention.
Excerpted from BLACKWATER by JEREMY SCAHILL Copyright © 2007 by Jeremy Scahill. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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The Face of Blackwater 1
Introduction Baghdad's Bloody Sunday 3
Ch. 1 Making a Killing 49
Ch. 2 The Little Prince 65
Ch. 3 Blackwater Begins 89
Ch. 4 Fallujah Before Blackwater 113
Ch. 5 Guarding Bush's Man in Baghdad 125
Ch. 6 Scotty Goes to War 145
Ch. 7 The Ambush 155
Ch. 8 "We Will Pacify Fallujah" 169
Ch. 9 Najaf, Iraq: 4.04.04 181
Ch. 10 "This Is Fdr the Americans of Blackwater" 197
Ch. 11 Mr. Prince Goes to Washington 209
Ch. 12 Caspian Pipeline Dreams 231
Ch. 13 Blackwater's Man in Chile 245
Ch. 14 "The Whores of War" 275
Ch. 15 The Crash of Blackwater 61 305
Ch. 16 Cofer Black: The Gloves Come Off 329
Ch. 17 Death Squads, Mercenaries, and the "Salvador Option" 349
Ch. 18 Joseph Schmitz: Christian Soldier 365
Ch. 19 Blackwater Down: Baghdad on the Bayou 359
Ch. 20 "The Knights of the Round Table" 409
Epilogue: Blackwater Beyond Bush 447
Posted June 4, 2008
I will preface my comments by saying I am a moderate. I was hoping this book would be a good factual and well researched piece on Blackwater. However, what I got was a book which spent most of its pages slamming America, portraying our active military as blood thirsty killers, slamming the Bush administration as well as most religions. I expected some liberal leaning but this was so far left that it was out of sight. This is not to mention that the author used mostly hearsay as his basis of evidence. The other problem I had with the book was his quoting of Iraq comments as being totally factual while American statements as being all lies. This could have been a great book but comes off as a work of fiction because of the authors uncontrolled bias. Worse yet, it was poorly written in my opinion. The author use of certain labels was inconsistant with the meaning of the actual word he used.
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Posted November 19, 2008
I Also Recommend:
This book doesn't even pretend to be objective. Scahill obviously has a serious hate-on for all private military contractors (Blackwater especially). This is the "in" thing right now. It's cool to hate on these guys, and Scahill's looking to make his mark as the coolest. So what if his research, while thorough, is biased and guided by his own axe to grind? Blackwater employees wouldn't even have given this guy the time of day, and Blackwater's CEO flat-out refused an interview with him. I'm sure it's because they saw through him and knew he was only there for a witch hunt. I'm not saying don't read this book. What I'm saying is look at more than just his viewpoint. I doubt that this guy's ever been in a combat zone, but he wants to critique every move made by those who work in them. I'd recommend you read Robert Young Pelton's book "Licensed to Kill: Hired Guns in the War on Terror". He actually rode along with Blackwater employees and got an interview with the CEO. He's as close as you'll come to an objective viewpoint.
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I purchased this book for help in writing a persuasive argument about the use of private military contractors. I was dissatisifend when reading it because it is completely anti-Bush and anti-private military contractors. It rarely mentioned the argument of the opposing party. Some of the content in the book was almost completely irrelevant to the subject (or the expected subject, which was Blackwater) and talked about extreme Christian organizations and battles in Iraq that didn't have Blackwater in them. The frequent quotaions of war on terror and other subjects drove me crazy. However, Scahill did a good job at documenting his sources which allowed me to use some of those for research. <BR/><BR/>If you're somebody who is looking at this to help them write an infromative paper on Blackwater, I would reccomend borrowing it from a friend or getting it from the library. I recommended some books dealing with the same issue (Private military companies).<BR/>War dog: A biased view that favors the use of PMCs<BR/>Licensed to Kill: The best choice because it offers a completely neutral view on the subject. Pelton has had unique opportunities with Erik Prince & Blackwater. <BR/>Big Boy Rules: A short book on the subject that is slightly biased but offers some good information.
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Posted June 16, 2007
Its seems the author was set from the beginning to slander Blackwater. He is as biased as all the reports of America being the cause of the worlds ills. He blames the U.S. for mass murder in Iraq using accounts from Al-Jazeera reporters and unnamed Iraqis for all his references. He also accuses Blackwater as being a Extreme right-wing Christian movement supported by right wing politicians and rich people. His 'sources' are mysterious and sometimes unnamed. Not one source from Blackwater or anyone who is working for this company are used. Dont waste your money unless you enjoy stale left wing anti American bias.
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Posted April 5, 2010
I thought this was going give an insight of the business and history of a Blackwater. What it ends up being is a free for all bashing of America and the government. Don't waste your time, you can hear and see this for free on a Liberal radio station.
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Posted August 15, 2007
This is an interesting situation that America is now put itself into. We have begun outsourcing our military. Many people that say this is 'left-leaning' journalism, will call anything that they do not like 'left-leaning'. It is much easier than actually pointing out that maybe there is a tie with neo-conservatives and private military. These are the same people that still think that Iraq was involved with September 11th. They have a set way of the way things ought to be...anything else is...well liberal. Not a great argument, just like saying that we should not listen to conservative editorialists like Krauthammer and Kristol because they are 'right-leaning'. If someone questions the government, you should be asking why...not calling them an anti-patriot. I think the author is questioning outsourcing of the military's operations. So if he has left-leaning beliefs then take it for what it is. If you wanted a Discovery Channel documentary of the coolness of Blackwater... this is a little more intellectual than that...and it might say things you do not want to hear.
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Posted April 9, 2009
"Jeremy Scahill actually doesn't know anything about Blackwater." So says Martin Strong Vice President Blackwater Worldwide. With the greatest respect to Mr Strong, if he is right, it is a pretty facile comment on 550 pages of detailed research and information. Unless, or until Mr Strong or anyone else from Blackwater elaborates on this blanket rejection, we must conclude that what Jeremy Scahill tells us is correct.
Blackwater is at once a compelling and frightening read. It is a detailed exposé of the private security industry generally and Blackwater in particular. It introduces us to the founders and their associations with the people and policies of the last US administration. It describes in minute detail how this cozy relationship enabled Blackwater to become an adjunct of American foreign policy.
Knowing Scahill's background, one might have expected a scathing attack -? but no, all his arguments are reasoned and nonjudgmental. Indeed, his portrayal of Eric Prince the company founder is complimentary. He tells us that Mr. Prince came from a very wealthy and successful family, but chose to join the military. While in the military, he excelled as a Navy Seal, and would have remained as such but gave it up to support his ailing wife and their children. The first Mrs. Prince died in tragic circumstances shortly after.
Not content to bask in considerable family wealth, Prince emulated his successful father by starting a business. The business he chose was one of which he had expert knowledge. He identified a need for military and law enforcement training and established a state of the art training facility at North Carolina.
It is then that sinister opportunities presented themselves in the form of the Iraq war. Blackwater were not alone in exploiting this opportunity ? they were just better at it than others were. The Bush administration identified a benefit in employing civilian contractors in a variety of functions previously carried out by the military. From a certain perspective it worked very well and like Topsy it grow'd until the number of civilian contractors almost equaled the military.
Using civilian contractors checks many boxes. There are considerable financial benefits to companies and individuals. There are benefits for government with fewer political problems than there might be with serving military. Activities can be pursued beyond the public glare. However, in all this there is one thing missing ? military discipline and legal restraint. Scahill describes how Blackwater was able to slip between the rock of military discipline and the hard place of the law. In a time of left of center politics, a rightwing mercenary army numbering around 30,000, is ominous indeed.
This is a truly excellent book, and should be read by everyone who wants to really know what is happening on the ground in Iraq, and elsewhere ? including mainland USA.
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Posted December 10, 2008
The Iraq war has seen a vast expansion in the use of private security contractors to complement the U.S. military. But who are these contractors? Who pays them? And how did one contractor, Blackwater, become so entrenched? Jeremy Scahill answers these questions and more in this provocative, thoroughly reported book about the world¿s largest, private mercenary army. Scahill has done a masterful job of researching this secretive organization to disclose its origins, motives, leaders and activities. getAbstract strongly recommends this compelling, disturbing story to anyone interested in the Iraq conflict, and in the larger picture of how private armies reshape warfare.
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Posted June 30, 2008
A very well documented book that goes behind the scene to tell the story that's not coming out of Washington or through media sound bites.
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Posted September 11, 2012
I couldn't even get through the preface. I really was expecting something completely different then a all Christian and Soliders are stupid scum book. If you have even the smallest conservative point of view about faith and the military do not trouble yourself with reading this book.
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Posted February 23, 2011
Jeremy Scahill gives excessive info, not only into Blackwater, but the people behind the scenes as well. It ties the book together and grabs you from cover to cover. If you have an interest in what goes on behind the scenes in Afghanistan and Iraq, it's a must read.
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Posted November 9, 2008
(1 of 2) is posted in Paperback edition .<BR/><BR/>Continued the European-Canadian `'even same sex marriage is becoming the joke in this land and we cannot accept this disease no matter how far our governments are going to convince us, yet we keep `importing' people from Asia and Africa to produce sons and daughters alien (and will remain so) to our European cultures" <BR/><BR/>This man (European-Canadian) has been worried that International Terrorists are using Canada to launder their dirty money. <BR/><BR/>He told me he read in the paper that hundreds of cases were investigated and proved to have harboured syndicates using money by suspected criminals. <BR/><BR/>He said, "Dirty money is being laundered at much higher rates than the market" <BR/><BR/>In his opinion his beautiful and peaceful country should rid itself of all suspects before they went amuck in the streets, out of hand. <BR/><BR/>He told me those guys have flourished because "We Canadians were lacking the necessary awareness to cope with the situation, and we regretfully invited too many people who never deserved to be here. We try now to treat them with ethics because our constitution tells us so. But how can you sir trade unethical murderers with ethical standards?" <BR/>"""Can you tell me Mister" he went on "if we would be treated likewise in their home countries. Can we, for example, build a Church or wear our normal clothing in summer. Can our women go bareheaded without being assaulted?" <BR/>"Of course not, we would be beheaded" he replied to his questions and went on "There are millions who oppose `Extremists' ideology, and will be more than pleased to rid themselves of their teachings. Now we, in Canada, are making the gravest mistakes ever: our government is accelerating invitations to all those 'scarfed' women who look you in the eyes in defiance. Damn them; if they do not like our European culture then let them get the hell out of here. Bush is encouraging this situation, he knows to which road this is going to take us, and it will. It will certainly lead to disturbances, and then the USA will forcefully come in to bail us out of this predicament and the price will be one to declare Canada its 51 Star""". <BR/><BR/>BBB) Military Outsourcing is not new. Indeed it should not remain news anymore. The advent goes back to the Mamluk era. A Mamluk "owned or possessed"; was a converted to Islam slave Soldier and/or a servant of the Ottoman Muslim Caliphs during the Middle Ages. Over time the Mamluks became a powerful military force, and on more than one occasion they took hold of power for themselves. They even ruled Egypt in the Mamluk Sultanate from 1250-1517, until Muhammad Ali Pasha terminated (exterminated by a sheer massacre) their remnants in the year 1811. <BR/><BR/>Napoleon outsourced his Army. He formed his own Mamluk corps in the early years of the 19th century and they became the last known Mamluk force. Napoleon's Imperial Guard had Mamluk soldiers during the Belgian campaign, including one of his personal servants. His famous bodyguard Roustan was also a Mamluk imported from Egypt. <BR/><BR/>CCC) Is Military Outsourcing an Asset or a Liability? From historical events it appears it has been a short term Asset until after its purpose is served it tends to transform itself to Liability - a long term Liability carried forward to the detriment of its founders!
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Posted November 9, 2008
AAA) I acknowledge the fact the author has unleashed a gripping document and brought up the frightening disclosure of the ECT (Evangelicals and Catholics Together) document, which articulates `the vision that would animate Blackwater's corporate strategy and the politics practiced by its founder Eric Prince' <BR/><BR/>Page 20-22 ""The (ECT) document was most passionate in its opposition to abortion, calling abortion on demand `a massive attack on the dignity, right, and needs of women. Abortion is the leading edge of an encroaching culture of death" It also called for "moral education in schools, advocating for educational institutions that transmit to coming generations our cultural heritage, which is inseparable from the formative influence of religion, especially Judaism and Christianity".... <BR/><BR/>This confirms (with emphasis on `cultural heritage') what I heard in Canada when a `native' Canadian - person of European race- vented his spleen and complained to me his sentiments, with sincerity: <BR/><BR/>""`' You see Mister; I am 57 and have never seen deterioration in our social standards equal to what I have seen during the last ten years. Sir! Do you know how many abortions we have had in Quebec?" `'31,000 abortions performed in Quebec. Can you imagine that? Thirty one thousand in 1998 in Quebec alone, and our government keep talking about how bad the population -European-Canadian population- is going down - depleted! <BR/><BR/>Worse still, our government approve to bring in cheap labour from Asia and Africa as immigrants. This numerous immigration into Canada is costing us much. We spend our money trying to migrate these people into our societies, we encourage them to bring up their children to settle here while our women kill our babies""" <BR/>He went on complaining about the number of Chinese products in the Canadian market. He claimed that every time he bought ten items he had to return eight for mal-function. <BR/>He noticed me as I gazed at the large cross hanging on the front door of his orderly salon. <BR/>He told me he's a devout reader of theology. <BR/>His preference is Saint Thomas. <BR/>He also reads for Saint Peter, notably the messages. <BR/>He said he has good written articles and books on the man - Saint Peter -traditionally regarded as the first Bishop of Rome, because `'Saint Peter is telling us we can only become human by expanding our knowledge according to our talents, gift and opportunity''. <BR/><BR/>To tell you the truth, his sincerity impressed me much. <BR/>I asked him about the Da Vinci Code. <BR/>`'This is sheer rubbish'' he protested the moment I pronounced the word `Da.....'. <BR/>`'It is all commerce and ignorance in disguise'' He paused a little and said `'those who saw the movie are committing blasphemy. They must have been unable to think by themselves, they just wanted others to think for them'' concluded the European-Canadian on this subject with fires burning in his eyes. <BR/><BR/>He went inside his bookshelf and brought me a nice heavy volume `'You see Mister, this is the sort of reading that gives food to human spirit, unfortunately we are losing all that in this Country'' He continued `' Our ladies are busy raising cats and dogs instead of getting married and bringing up families. They spend thousands of dollars through vets who engage in fooling them rather than curing their animals. A veterinarian squeezes their monies out simply because they can never know what he is talking about''...
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Posted May 28, 2008
Scahill's book on the mercenary firm blackwater is very informative and an intersting topic as the 2008 presidential election nears. There is a cautioning overtone towards the mercenary firm in regards to the predictability of certian types of events that occur around the world including the Iraq War, conflicts in Africa, natural disasters and the use of such an institution in each instance.
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Posted October 6, 2013
Once you get over the author's bias toward the neo-con Right, the Blackwater danger is pointed out as a merc organization that plays without rules and is used by US military and our govt to carry out rogue and outlawed missions. Therein lies the danger of using mercenary armies.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted June 21, 2013
This book was very interesting and gave a great background to the whole mercenary end of our latest wars. What I learned made me angry and sad but it was good to know what is being done in our name in other countries. The only complaint that I had (and this may have been only because it was an ebook), but there were pages missing and duplicate pages. I got lost 2 or 3 times when the page numbers stayed right but the whole subject changed midstream. I was still able to get the entire gist of it I think. I highly recommend this book to anyone who is interested in what is going on out of our sight.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted April 24, 2013
A greatly researched book, don't listen to these other reviews about it being biased or one-sided. If you're interested in learning about the world of mercenaries, then read this!!Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted October 12, 2012
Posted September 14, 2011
Posted February 21, 2011
It did not take long for me to feel like I was reading a research paper that had a slanted point of view. There was very little effort to hide the agenda that Mr. Scahill has against the war in Iraq and the services that Blackwater provides. The author also does a rather poor job supporting his conclusions. It was a struggle, but I finished reading the book so that my opinion would be fair. To everyone else, I say do not waste your time.
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