The Blair Handbook / Edition 5

The Blair Handbook / Edition 5

by Toby Fulwiler, Alan R. Hayakawa

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0131935364

ISBN-13: 9780131935365

Pub. Date: 01/20/2006

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Why do students take writing classes?

Why is writing important?

If you are a good writer, you with succeed in school and in life.

The Blair Handbook, Fifth Edition, offers the best coverage of the writing process and writing across the curriculum. Your handbook is one of the most important tools you have to improve your writing.  This essential


Why do students take writing classes?

Why is writing important?

If you are a good writer, you with succeed in school and in life.

The Blair Handbook, Fifth Edition, offers the best coverage of the writing process and writing across the curriculum. Your handbook is one of the most important tools you have to improve your writing.  This essential reference to be used for a lifetime also gives you and your instructors access to valuable resources, including a Web site and more!

Go to to find tutoring, self-grading exercises, instructional videos, and much more!

Product Details

Prentice Hall
Publication date:
Edition description:
Product dimensions:
5.52(w) x 7.76(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents


Reading and Writing in College


1 Why Writing Matters  

a What is difficult about writing? 

b What do you enjoy about writing?  

c What surprises are in store?  

d Why is writing important?  

e What can you learn from the experience of others?  

f   What else do you want to know about writing?  


2  Reading Texts Critically  

a Reading to understand

b Reading critically  


3  Reading Images Critically  

a The elements of composition  

b Words  

c Color  

d Images of persuasion


4  The Writing Process  

a   Describing writing as a process  

b   Planning

c   Composing

d   Revising  

e   Researching  

f Editing  

g   English as a second language  


PART 2Planning a Writing Project


5  Analyzing the Rhetorical Situation  

a   Knowing the purpose  

b   Addressing audiences  

c   Understanding the situation  

d   Adopting a voice  


6  Keeping Journals  

a   Understanding journals  

b   Keeping journals in college  

c   Suggestions for using journals  


7  Strategies for Invention and Discovery  

a  Brainstorming  

b   Freewriting  

c   Looping  

d   Asking reporters’ questions  

e   Outlining  

f  Clustering  

g   Talking  





8 Writing from Experience  

a   Character  

b   Subject  

c Perspective  

d   Setting  

e   Sequence of events  

f Theme  

g   Sample student essay  


9 Writing to Explain  

a   Topic  

b   Thesis  

c   Strategies  

d   Organization  

e   Neutral perspective  

f Sample student essay  


10 Arguing and Persuading  

a   Elements of argument  

b   Issue  

c   Analysis  

d   Position  

e   Argument  

f Organization  

g   Sample student essay  


11 Writing About Literature  

a   Interpretive essays  

b   Exploring texts  

c Interpretive communities  

d   Interpretations  

e   Different literary genres  

f Sample student essay  


12 Writing Creative Nonfiction 

a   Lists  

b   Snapshots  

c   Playful sentences  

d   Repetition/refrain  

e   Double voice  


13 Writing Essay Examinations  

a   Understanding questions  

b   Writing good answers  


 PART  4



14 The Revising Process  

a Understanding revising  

b Planning  

c Revising strategies  


15 Focused Revising  

a Limiting  

b Adding  

c Switching  

d Transforming  

e Experimenting  


16  Responding to Writing and Peer Review  

a Asking for help  

b   Giving responses  

c Writing responses  

d Responding through conferences  

e Responding in writing groups  



Presenting and Publishing  


17 Designing Documents  

a   Objectives of design  

b   Layout  

c Typography  

d Graphics  

e Illustrations  


18 Writing for the Internet 

a Writing for the Web  

b   E-mail, newsgroups, and instant messages  

c Weblogs  


19 Writing for the World  

a Reports

b Pamphlets and brochures

c Newsletters  

d Press releases  

e Advocacy   


20 Portfolios and Publishing Class Books 

a Writing portfolios  

b Course portfolios  

c Story portfolios  

d Publishing class books  


21 Making Oral Presentations 

a   The assignment  

b   Speaking texts  

c   Speaking in public  

d   Creative options  


 PART 6 

Writing with Research  


22 Writing Research Papers  

a Understanding research  

b    Working with a thesis  

c Keeping a research log  

d Finding your way  


23 Conducting Library Research  

a Planning library research  

b Finding sources of information  

c Taking notes  


24 Conducting Internet Research 

a Search engines  

b Limiting your search  

c Search strategies  

d E-mail, lists, and newsgroups  


25 Conducting Field Research 

a   Planning  

b   Interviewing  

c Surveying  

d   Observing  


26 Evaluating Research Sources  

a Evaluating library sources  

b Evaluating Internet sources  

c Evaluating field sources  


27 Using Research Sources  

a Controlling sources

b Organizing sources  

c Integrating information  

d Paraphrasing and summarizing  

e Incorporating visual images  


28  Avoiding Plagiarism  

a What plagiarism is 

b What plagiarism is not

c Recognizing and avoiding plagiarism  



Writing in the Disciplines  

  29 Understanding the College Curriculum  

a   Differences among disciplines  

b   Similarities among disciplines  


30 MLA: Writing in Languages and Literature  

a   Aims  

b   Style  

c   Writing about texts  

d   MLA style: Documenting sources  

e   Conventions for list of Works Cited  

f   Sample MLA research paper  


31 APA: Writing in the Social Sciences  

a   Aims  

b   Style  

c   Writing about texts  

d   APA style: Documenting sources  

e   Sample APA research paper  


32 CMS: Writing in the Humanities 

a   Aims  

b   Style  

c   Writing about texts  

d   CMS style: Documenting sources  

e   Sample page with endnotes   

f Sample page with footnotes  


33 Writing in the Physical Sciences  

a   Aims  

b   Style  

c   Writing about texts  

d   Number systems: Documenting sources  


34 Writing in Business  

a    Aims  

b   Style  

c   Common forms of writing in business  

d   Documentation and format conventions  






35 The Editing Process  

a   Editing techniques  

b   The meaning of “error”  

c   Working with others  

d   Editing on a computer

e   Proofreading  

f    Editing when English is your second language 

g   Using Part Eight  


36 Shaping Paragraphs 

a   Unity  

b   Organization  

c   Coherence  


37 Improving Openings and Conclusions  

a   Engaging openings  

b   Strong openings  

c   Satisfying conclusions  

d   Strong conclusions  


38 Strengthening Sentences  

a   Coordinating ideas  

b   Using subordination  

c   Using parallelism  


39 Creating Emphasis and Variety  

a   First and final positions  

b   Sentence length  

c   Sentence types  

d   Sentence openings  

e   Deliberate repetition  

f    Elliptical constructions  


40 Building Vital Sentences  

a   Concrete, specific nouns  

b   Strong verbs  

c   Active or passive voice  

d   Vital modifiers  


41 Being Concise 

a   Vague generalities  

b   Idle words  

c   Simplifying grammatical constructions  

d   Redundancy  

e   Pretentious language  

f Euphemism  


42 Adjusting tone  

a   Appropriate tone  

b   Point of view  

c   Level of formality  

d   Consistent tone  


43 Choosing the Right Word  

a   The history of English 

b   Using the dictionary and thesaurus  

c   Expanding your vocabulary  

d   Connotations  

e   Confusing words  

f   Prepositions and particles  

g   Slang, regionalisms, and jargon  

h   Figurative language  

i Cliches  


44 Eliminating Biased Language  

a   Stereotypes  

b   Labels  

c   Nonsexist language  




45  Eliminating Sentence Fragments  

a  Fragments lacking subjects or verbs  

b  Dependent clause fragments  

c  Fragments for special effects  

46  Fixing Fused Sentences and Comma Splices   

a  Comma and a coordinating conjunction  

b  Adding a semicolon  

c  Colon  

d  Separate sentences  

e  Subordinating one clause  

f   Creating independent clauses  


47  Using Verbs Correctly  

a  Understanding forms  

b  Standard verb forms  

c  Auxiliary verbs  

d  Understanding tense  

e  Appropriate sequence  

f   Understanding mood  

g  Subjunctive mood  

h  Agreement  

i   Intervening words  

j   Subject following verb  

k  Linking verbs  

l   Making verbs agree with subjects joined by and  

m  Or, nor

n  Collective nouns  

o  Indefinite pronouns  

p Who, which, that  

q  Amounts  

r   Noun phrases and clauses

s  Titles, words used as words  

t   Subjects ending in -s  

u  Troublesome plurals  

48 Using Modifiers Correctly 

a   Adjectives or adverbs  

b   After linking verbs  

c   Confusing modifiers  

d   Double negatives  

e   Comparatives and superlatives  

f Placing modifiers  

g   Dangling modifiers  

h   Disruptive modifiers  

49 Using Pronouns Correctly  

a   Clear antecedents  

b   Explicit antecedents  

c It, they, you  

d   Who, which, that  

e   Unneeded pronouns  

f Agreement  

g   Joined by and

h   Joined by or, nor  

i Collective nouns  

j Indefinite antecedents  

k   Choosing case  

l    And, or, nor  

m  Appositive pronouns  

n   Us, we

o  Verbals  

p  Than, as  

q  Who, whom  

r   Reflexive pronouns  

50 Consistent and Complete Sentences 

a   Unnecessary shifts  

b   Mixed constructions  

c   Missing words  




51 End Punctuation

a   Periods  

b   Question marks  

c   Exclamation points  

52 Commas 

a   Coordinating conjunctions  

b   Introductory elements  

c   Nonrestrictive elements  

d   Parenthetical expressions and elements of contrast  

e   Tag sentences, direct address, and interjections  

f Items in a series  

g   Coordinate adjectives  

h   Quotations  

i Numbers, dates, names, and places  

j To prevent misreading  

k   Misuse  

53 Semicolons  

a   Between independent clauses  

b   In a series  

54 Colons

a   Marks of introduction  

b   Marks of separation  

55 Apostrophes 

a   Possessive nouns and indefinite pronouns  

b   Plurals of words used as words, letters, numbers, and symbols  

c   Omission of letters  

56 Quotation Marks  

a   Direct quotations  

b   Dialogue  

c   Titles  

d   Translations, special terms, irony, and nicknames  

e   With other punctuation  

57 Other Punctuation 

a   Parentheses  

b   Dashes  

c   Ellipsis points  

d   Brackets  

e   Slashes  



58 Spelling  

a   Confusing words  

b   Spelling rules  

59 Capitalization

a   First word of a sentence  

b   Quotations and lines of poetry  

c   Proper nouns  

d   Titles

60 Hyphenation 

a   Ends of lines  

b   Prefixes  

c   Compound words  

d   Numbers, fractions, and units of measure  

61 Italics 

a   Titles  

b   Individual trains, ships, airplanes, and spacecraft  

c   For emphasis

d    Words, numerals, and letters used as words  

e Foreign words  

62 Numbers and Abbreviations 

a   Figures and words  

b   Conventional uses  

c   In nontechnical terms  

d   Titles and degrees  

e   Time, dates, amounts, and symbols  

f Geographic names  

g   Latin terms  

h   Initials and acronyms  





63 Glossary of Terms


64 Glossary of Usage  





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