Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Petroleum Dependencyby Michael T. Klare
Since September 11 and the commencement of the "war on terror," the world's attention has been focused on the relationship between U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and the oceans of crude oil that lie beneath the region's soil. Klare traces oil's impact on international affairs since World War II, revealing its influence on the Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon, and… See more details below
Since September 11 and the commencement of the "war on terror," the world's attention has been focused on the relationship between U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and the oceans of crude oil that lie beneath the region's soil. Klare traces oil's impact on international affairs since World War II, revealing its influence on the Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon, and Carter doctrines. He shows how America's own wells are drying up as our demand increases; by 2010 the United States will need to import 60 percent of its oil. And since most to this supply will have to come from chronically unstable, often violently anti-American zones - the Persian Gulf, the Caspian Sea, Latin America, and Africa - our dependency is bound to lead to recurrent military involvement.
H.C. Stackpole, Lieutenant General, USMC (ret.)
“Blood and Oil is the most comprehensive, up-to-date analysis of America's military-petroleum complex available today. From our gluttonous demand for fuel to power our automobiles to the activities of Centcom in the Persian Gulf, Michael Klare is invariably incisive and accurate. With a petroleum import dependency well over fifty percent, the United States is digging its own grave.”
Chalmers Johnson, author of The Sorrows of Empire
“Oil, says Michael Klare, makes us strong, but dependency makes us weak. His clear, informed, and troubling diagnosis of America's greatest addiction comes as oil’s rising cost in blood and treasure requires us to understand the greater perils to come. Blood and Oil proves that oil's substitutes—and especially their efficient use—are an even greater bargain than they look. Too much time has already been wasted on denial. America's security, power, and freedom now turn on our choice.”
Amory B. Lovins, Cofounder and CEO, Rocky Mountain Institute
“The rapid increase in the price of gasoline is a direct result of the failure of the U.S. to develop a realistic energy policy. As Michael Klare demonstrates in this provocative new book, we will continue to pay high prices and use military force unless we reduce our dependence on oil from the Middle East. A must read for Americans concerned about national security and economic growth.”
Lawrence Korb, Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress and former Assistant Secretary of Defense
“Blood and Oil throws into sharp relief the political and social dimensions of the most important problem of our times. Reasoned and readable, it sketches out the terrible consequences of our nation's immense and growing addiction to petroleum. This is an important book.”
David Goodstein, author of Out of Gas
“Donald Rumsfeld famously declared that the Iraq War ‘has nothing to do with oil, literally nothing to do with oil.’ Nonsense, demonstrates Michael Klare, in Blood and Oil, a compelling new assessment of America’s bet on Middle Eastern oil as the lifeblood of the U.S. economy. Klare’s mastery of the interplay of natural resources and conflict is unrivaled, and his new study is timely and vitally important.”
Jeffrey D. Sachs, Director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University
- Viking Penguin
- Publication date:
Read an Excerpt
From Blood and Oil:
o In 1998, for the first time, more than half of the
United States' oil supply came from foreign sources. Imports of foreign petroleum are projected to rise to 60% in 2010, 65% in 2020,
and 70% by 2030.
o America's oil fields are experiencing irreversible decline. Even if reserves in Alaska's wildlife refuge are extracted, they will reduce U.S.
imports of foreign oil by only about 2% per year for the next two decades-an almost negligible change.
o To pay for all of this imported oil, American businesses and consumers will have to cough up an estimated $3.5 trillion between 2000 and 2025-
if oil remains within a moderate price range.
o Even more importantly, since most of the world's remaining oil resources are located in deeply unstable regions-over 65% in the Persian Gulf alone-military involvement to ensure access is inevitable.
Meet the Author
Michael T. Klare is the author of fourteen books, including Resource Wars, Blood and Oil, Rising Powers, Shrinking Planet and The Race for What's Left. A regular contributor to Harper's, Foreign Affairs, and the Los Angeles Times, he is the defense analyst for The Nation and the director of the Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College in Amherst.
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