Blood, Bugs, and Plants

Overview

Essentials of Forensic Science is a seven-volume set that explores a number of significant aspects of the field, from its inception to its application in the modern laboratory and courtroom. From its roots in the Middle Ages and further back to ancient Greece, forensic science past, present, and future is provided an intriguing overview in this informative set.
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New York, New York, U.S.A. 2008 Hardback First New New first editon hardback in publisher library binding;

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Overview

Essentials of Forensic Science is a seven-volume set that explores a number of significant aspects of the field, from its inception to its application in the modern laboratory and courtroom. From its roots in the Middle Ages and further back to ancient Greece, forensic science past, present, and future is provided an intriguing overview in this informative set.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816055098
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/28/2008
  • Series: Essentials of Forensic Science Series
  • Pages: 192
  • Age range: 11 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction xv

1 Overview 1

Forensic Science and Criminalistics-How Blood, Bugs, and Botanicals Fit In 1

Hans Gross (1847-1915) 4

Applications of Forensic Biology and DNA Typing 8

Blood Patterns 9

Forensic Entomology: What Bugs Can Say in Death Cases 10

Botanicals: Forensic Botany 12

Forensic Biology, Forensic Botany, and Forensic Entomology Today 13

The Denise Johnson Case 14

2 History and Pioneers 16

The Very Old Days 16

The Old Days: Blood Types and Other Genetic Factors 21

Dr. Lattes's Forensic Blood-Typing Cases 26

ABO Blood Typing and Inclusion 28

ABO Blood Typing and Exclusion 30

The Old Days to Nowadays: Milestones in Genetics 37

Using Isoenzyme Types to Include and Exclude Bloodstain Sources 38

DNA Is the Genetic Material 44

Nowadays: The DNA Era 45

The Narborough Murders 48

3 DNA and Genetics 51

Basic Principles of Inheritance 52

Structure and Function of DNA 55

Mitochondria and Mitochondrial DNA 61

Population Genetics 63

Methods Used to Manipulate and Analyze DNA 65

Concluding Remarks 74

4 Blood and Body Fluids: Preliminary Testing 75

Principles of Handling Evidence 75

Preliminary Examinations: Searching, Identification, and Species Testing 77

Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kits 82

Blood Patterns 89

5 DNA Typing 95

Preparing DNA for Typing from Biological Evidence 95

Three Generations of DNA Typing 100

Real-Time PCR 101

Mitotypes and Y-Chromosome Markers 111

DNA Profile Databases 115

Applications of DNA Profiling 118

DNA Case Backlogs 120

Identification of the Unknown Soldiers 130

A Peek into the Future: SNPs 131

6 Bugsand Plants 132

Forensic Entomology 132

The Erich Seebeck Case 138

Forensic Botany 140

Two Elderly Women in Indiana 140

7 The Future 146

Different DNA Typing Methods: The Implications of Technology Changeovers 146

Reducing Backlogs: DNA Automation and Robotics 147

Enlarging DNA Databases: The Trade-offs between Law Enforcement and Civil Liberties 148

Field Instruments: DNA Typing at the Scene? 149

Expanded Use of Entomology and/or Botanicals 150

Glossary 151

Further Reading 162

Index 167

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