Blood in Their Eyes: The Elaine Race Massacres Of 1919

Blood in Their Eyes: The Elaine Race Massacres Of 1919

by STOCKLEY GRIF, Grif Stockley
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1557287724

ISBN-13: 9781557287724

Pub. Date: 02/15/2004

Publisher: University of Arkansas Press


In late September 1919, black sharecroppers met to protest unfair settlements for their cotton crops from white plantation owners. Local law enforcement broke up the union's meeting, and the next day a thousand white men from the Delta—and troops of the U.S. Army itself—converged on Phillips County, Arkansas, to "put down" the black sharecroppers'

Overview


In late September 1919, black sharecroppers met to protest unfair settlements for their cotton crops from white plantation owners. Local law enforcement broke up the union's meeting, and the next day a thousand white men from the Delta—and troops of the U.S. Army itself—converged on Phillips County, Arkansas, to "put down" the black sharecroppers' "insurrection." In riveting, novelistic prose, writer and Delta native Grif Stockley considers the evidence and tells the full story of this incident for the first time, concluding that black people were murdered in Elaine by white mobs and federal soldiers. Five white men died as a result of the conflict; contemporary estimates of African American deaths ranged from 20 to an even more horrifying 856. White officials jailed hundreds of black workers, torturing some of them. Twelve black men were charged with first-degree murder. Their legal battles lasted six years, but national and local silence has persisted much longer. Stockley takes on this silence and shows that it resulted from sustained official efforts to convince the public that only blacks who had resisted lawful authority were killed. He shows too that it is part of a larger silence in which the fear and terror that were the daily staples of the African American experience have been summed up all too easily in the term "Jim Crow" in a failure to fully confront the anguish of the period.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781557287724
Publisher:
University of Arkansas Press
Publication date:
02/15/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
264
Sales rank:
776,325
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsvii
Prefacexi
Introductionxiii
Chronology of Eventsxxiii
Chapter 1.Charles Hillman Brough's Midnight Train Ride3
Chapter 2.The Law of the Delta19
Chapter 3.The Boys from Camp Pike34
Chapter 4.A Committee of Seven61
Chapter 5.More Than One Version80
Chapter 6.Little Rock and New York: An Uneasy Alliance92
Chapter 7.The Trials Begin106
Chapter 8.Colonel Murphy for the Defense138
Chapter 9.The Retrials of the Ware Defendants151
Chapter 10.The Changing of the Guard176
Chapter 11.Affidavits from Unlikely Sources192
Chapter 12.Moore v. Dempsey: A Supreme Victory208
Chapter 13.Scipio Jones Takes Charge223
Notes235
A Note on Sources257
Index259

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