The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States, and the Philippines / Edition 1

The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States, and the Philippines / Edition 1

by Paul A. Kramer
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0807856533

ISBN-13: 9780807856536

Pub. Date: 04/17/2006

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

In 1899 the United States, having announced its arrival as a world power during the Spanish-Cuban-American War, inaugurated a brutal war of imperial conquest against the Philippine Republic. Over the next five decades, U.S. imperialists justified their colonial empire by crafting novel racial ideologies adapted to new realities of collaboration and anticolonial

Overview

In 1899 the United States, having announced its arrival as a world power during the Spanish-Cuban-American War, inaugurated a brutal war of imperial conquest against the Philippine Republic. Over the next five decades, U.S. imperialists justified their colonial empire by crafting novel racial ideologies adapted to new realities of collaboration and anticolonial resistance. In this pathbreaking, transnational study, Paul A. Kramer reveals how racial politics served U.S. empire, and how empire-building in turn transformed ideas of race and nation in both the United States and the Philippines.

Kramer argues that Philippine-American colonial history was characterized by struggles over sovereignty and recognition. In the wake of a racial-exterminist war, U.S. colonialists, in dialogue with Filipino elites, divided the Philippine population into "civilized" Christians and "savage" animists and Muslims. The former were subjected to a calibrated colonialism that gradually extended them self-government as they demonstrated their "capacities." The latter were governed first by Americans, then by Christian Filipinos who had proven themselves worthy of shouldering the "white man's burden." Ultimately, however, this racial vision of imperial nation-building collided with U.S. nativist efforts to insulate the United States from its colonies, even at the cost of Philippine independence. Kramer provides an innovative account of the global transformations of race and the centrality of empire to twentieth-century U.S. and Philippine histories.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807856536
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
04/17/2006
Edition description:
1
Pages:
552
Sales rank:
841,380
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsxi
Introduction: Sliding Scales: Race, Empire, and Transnational History1
Chapter 1Blood Compacts: Spanish Colonialism and the Invention of the Filipino35
Chapter 2From Hide to Heart: The Philippine-American War as Race War87
Chapter 3Dual Mandates: Collaboration and the Racial State159
Chapter 4Tensions of Exposition: Mixed Messages at the St. Louis World's Fair229
Chapter 5Representative Men: The Politics of Nation-Building285
Chapter 6Empire and Exclusion: Ending the Philippine Invasion of the United States347
Conclusion: The Difference Empire Made433
Notes437
Bibliography481
Index511

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