The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States, and the Philippines / Edition 1

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Overview

In 1899 the United States, having announced its arrival as a world power during the Spanish-Cuban-American War, inaugurated a brutal war of imperial conquest against the Philippine Republic. Over the next five decades, U.S. imperialists justified their colonial empire by crafting novel racial ideologies adapted to new realities of collaboration and anticolonial resistance. In this pathbreaking, transnational study, Paul A. Kramer reveals how racial politics served U.S. empire, and how empire-building in turn transformed ideas of race and nation in both the United States and the Philippines.

Kramer argues that Philippine-American colonial history was characterized by struggles over sovereignty and recognition. In the wake of a racial-exterminist war, U.S. colonialists, in dialogue with Filipino elites, divided the Philippine population into "civilized" Christians and "savage" animists and Muslims. The former were subjected to a calibrated colonialism that gradually extended them self-government as they demonstrated their "capacities." The latter were governed first by Americans, then by Christian Filipinos who had proven themselves worthy of shouldering the "white man's burden." Ultimately, however, this racial vision of imperial nation-building collided with U.S. nativist efforts to insulate the United States from its colonies, even at the cost of Philippine independence. Kramer provides an innovative account of the global transformations of race and the centrality of empire to twentieth-century U.S. and Philippine histories.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"An important work not only to the field of Philippine-American studies, but also to the studies of race and imperialism in general."--Journal of American Studies

"Compelling. . . . The author shows impressive command of . . . the sources in the United States and the Philippines, ranging from personal papers, newspapers, and military civilian archives. . . . Highly recommend[ed]."--CENTRO Journal

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780807856536
  • Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 4/17/2006
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 552
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul A. Kramer is associate professor of history at Vanderbilt University.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi
Introduction: Sliding Scales: Race, Empire, and Transnational History 1
Chapter 1 Blood Compacts: Spanish Colonialism and the Invention of the Filipino 35
Chapter 2 From Hide to Heart: The Philippine-American War as Race War 87
Chapter 3 Dual Mandates: Collaboration and the Racial State 159
Chapter 4 Tensions of Exposition: Mixed Messages at the St. Louis World's Fair 229
Chapter 5 Representative Men: The Politics of Nation-Building 285
Chapter 6 Empire and Exclusion: Ending the Philippine Invasion of the United States 347
Conclusion: The Difference Empire Made 433
Notes 437
Bibliography 481
Index 511
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