Blue & Gold and Black: Racial Integration of the U.S. Naval Academy / Edition 1 by Robert J. Schneller Jr. | 9781603440004 | Hardcover | Barnes & Noble
Blue & Gold and Black: Racial Integration of the U.S. Naval Academy / Edition 1

Blue & Gold and Black: Racial Integration of the U.S. Naval Academy / Edition 1

by Robert J. Schneller Jr.
     
 

ISBN-10: 1603440003

ISBN-13: 9781603440004

Pub. Date: 12/19/2007

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press


During the twentieth century, the U.S. Naval Academy evolved from a racist institution to one that ranked equal opportunity among its fundamental tenets. This transformation was not without its social cost, however, and black midshipmen bore the brunt of it.

Blue & Gold and Black is the history of integration of African Americans into the Naval Academy. The book

Overview


During the twentieth century, the U.S. Naval Academy evolved from a racist institution to one that ranked equal opportunity among its fundamental tenets. This transformation was not without its social cost, however, and black midshipmen bore the brunt of it.

Blue & Gold and Black is the history of integration of African Americans into the Naval Academy. The book examines how civil rights advocates’ demands for equal opportunity shaped the Naval Academy’s evolution. Author Robert J. Schneller Jr. analyzes how changes in the Academy’s policies and culture affected the lives of black midshipmen, as well as how black midshipmen effected change in the Academy’s policies and culture.

Most institutional history is written from the top down, while most social history is written from the bottom up. Based on the documentary record as well as on the memories of hundreds of midshipmen and naval officers, Blue & Gold and Black includes both perspectives. By examining both the institution and the individual, a much more accurate picture emerges of how racial integration occurred at the Naval Academy.

Schneller takes a biographical approach to social history. Through written correspondence, responses to questionnaires, memoirs, and oral histories, African American midshipmen recount their experiences in their own words. Rather than setting adrift their humanity and individuality in oceans of statistics, Schneller uses their first-hand recollections to provide insights into the Academy’s culture that cannot be gained from official records. Covering the Jim Crow era, the civil rights movement, and the empowerment of African Americans from the late 1960s through the end of the twentieth century, Blue & Gold and Black traces the transformation of an institution that produces men and women who lead not only the Navy, but also the nation.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781603440004
Publisher:
Texas A&M University Press
Publication date:
12/19/2007
Series:
Williams-Ford Texas A&M University Military History Series, #11
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
456
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations     ix
Preface and Acknowledgments     xi
Official Neglect: Token Representation, 1945-1965
"We Make No Special Effort"     3
Growing Up under Segregation     31
Sweep It under the Rug     49
"Tolerated without Further Attention"     72
Outside the Mainstream     88
Racial Policy Revolution: African Americans Assimilate, 1965-1976
"Shaking the Very Dickens Out of Us"     113
Growing Up in Turbulent Times     140
Forms of Discrimination     161
"We're Not Going to Stand for It"     188
Fully Integrated     217
Unparalleled Opportunity: African American Men and Women, 1976-1999
Toward Proportional Representation     247
Overall Improvement and Ongoing Inequality     276
Racism Was a Fringe Attitude, Sexism Was Mainstream     300
"No White Midshipman in Their Right Mind"     314
"Blessed to Have Had the Opportunity"     343
Conclusion     369
Notes     381
Bibliography     413
Index     427

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